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  • Hello my friends and welcome to another Tuesday of Tutorial!

  • I am Leonardo Pereznieto and because I have gotten so many requests about it, Ill do a

  • a basic video on shading.

  • I will begin sketching a solid figure and Ill do a very basic shading a series of parallel

  • lines called hatching.

  • This is very natural and fast. I will do the same on the other sides, but pressing less.

  • If I want it darker, I can go over it again, or do a cross hatching.

  • And the projected shadow, or cast shadow, would be something like this

  • if the light came from the upper left.

  • And I can do what is called an accent, that is where the figure touches something else.

  • Ok. Ill sketch another figure, for another example. For a more realistic shading I do

  • a series of circles or ovals or twirly things, covering the plane.

  • I repeat the same thing over here, but pressing less.

  • I may use a brush to smudge the graphite.

  • And then, with the kneaded eraser, I can pull the dark spots to make it look more uniform.

  • Of course you can use different types of shading in the same drawing.

  • When shading, sometimes is good to follow the shape of the object.

  • Lets do an example with a sphere.

  • It could be shaded with circular lines, to show the form.

  • I will make it a cast shadow, so that it doesn't look like it is up in the air!

  • In the drawing I made when I did the tutorial on hands, you can see how I followed the shapes.

  • But lets look at a much better example.

  • This is from the great Raphael, and you can see how he followed the shapes when doing

  • the shading, to the detail.

  • This is by Rembrandt. He not only followed the shape of the face, but also on the hat!

  • This technique is not only for drawings. Lets look at a Rembrandts painting now.

  • I am not sure if you are able to see this in the video, but he did the brush strokes

  • following the shape of the head, the shape of the cheek, of the nose, etcetera.

  • I am not saying that you have to draw or paint like this, but it is a technique worth knowing

  • to give emphasis to the volume.

  • There is another aspect worth knowing when shading curves

  • And as you know, I LOVE drawing and shading beautiful curves. [Chuckles]

  • No, seriously. First I draw a line that divides the areas of light, from the shadow.

  • And I tone the dark area.

  • With a light tone I lose the edge, because I don't want it to look like

  • there is a corner, or something.

  • But here is the point that is not as intuitive: And that is that the darkest area is just

  • by the light, it is called a core shadow, while the shadow that is further away gets

  • a little bit of a reflected light and therefore, is not as dark.

  • I was referring of course to the shadows on the sphere.

  • The cast shadow, generally speaking is the darkest of all.

  • I smudge a little.

  • If I wish, with the eraser, I can pull this darker spot.

  • The reason the core shadow happens, is this: The beams of light come straight and lets

  • say they come from this side. All this area will be in the light. Here is a curve and

  • the beams of light dont curve as fast (actually, they dont curve at all, but they illuminate

  • the small particles in the atmosphere and they reflect light to other particles and

  • give the illusion as if the light curved.)

  • But doesnt curve as fast so this area is the darkest.

  • And this other area, as it gets some reflected light, is not as dark.

  • Now, in regards to where the cast shadow falls, that depends where the light is coming from.

  • Lets follow the direction of the light and we see that this corner falls here and this

  • one here and so, the shadow will be something like that.

  • But if the light came from the flat side instead of the corner, then it would be different.

  • Lets say that the light came in this direction, then the shadow would be something of this sort.

  • Something like that. To resolve any questions on this, I recommend look at an actual

  • object and its shadow.

  • Ok, I have received many questions asking how do I shade. And the answer is: It depends

  • totally what I am shading. For example I could use little dots. Dots and dots. This is not

  • fast but gives a special effect. It is nice when drawing a concrete or rock wall.

  • But if I were to draw something made up of wool or something like this, Id probably use scribbles.

  • While for drawing a bright metal, like the chromed rim cover of a car, I would shade

  • it totally smooth and with a high contrast of tone. I make a horizon line, very dark,

  • the reflexion of the street, and the reflexion of the sky.

  • And to shade something totally different, like the feathers of an owl, Ill sketch it

  • with short and soft lines to try to give that texture.

  • It came out very bad, but thats ok! [chuckles].

  • Now, realize that the brightest you want something to look, the darkest you need to draw.

  • For example, this poor star is not shining. And you can not go lighter, because she is as

  • light as the paper. So I go darker, all around it. The darker you go, the brighter it will become.

  • Ill smudge with the brush and then pull the light again with the eraser.

  • Very well. Now she is bright and shiny!

  • There are tools that help us shading, such as a brush, a stump, etcetera. Of course what

  • they do is that they smudge the graphite or the charcoal. I explain and demonstrate this

  • a little bit more in my tutorial about materials. If you havent seen it I recommend to watch

  • that one and the one on the line, which are the basics. I will give the links at the end

  • of this video, when the credits come out.

  • Very well!

  • If it was helpful please give it a LIKE and subscribe to my channel, you know where to

  • follow me and where the links are. And Ill see you on Tuesday.

Hello my friends and welcome to another Tuesday of Tutorial!


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B1 中級

シェードの描き方 - シェードの描き方 (How to Shade - Drawing Shades)

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    vulvul に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日