Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • On this episode of China Uncensored,

  • President Trump goes back in time

  • to the 1970s

  • to stop a master criminal

  • from stealing top secret technology.

  • Welcome back to China Uncensored.

  • I'm Chris Chappell.

  • On Monday August 14,

  • President Donald Trump announced an investigation

  • into China's unfair trade practices.

  • The theft of intellectual property by foreign countries

  • costs our nation millions of jobs

  • and billions and billions of dollars

  • each and every year.

  • For too long,

  • this wealth has been drained from our country

  • while Washington has done nothing.”

  • Yeah, Washington.

  • All you do is hang around

  • with that smug look on your face.

  • Anyway, Trump authorized

  • US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer

  • to use the Trade Act of 1974

  • to investigate China's unfair policies and practices

  • especially with regard to

  • the theft of American intellectual property.

  • What's that, Shelley?Trump actually ordered Lighthizer

  • to look into whether to investigate China

  • for unfair trade practices?

  • So it's like a pre-investigation investigation.

  • But wait!

  • My favorite Chinese state-run media

  • was quick to inform us that Trump's trade war,

  • sorry, investigation,

  • sorry, pre-investigation,

  • could backfire.

  • It saysChina is expected to retaliate.”

  • And then it suggests that

  • China should make use

  • of the World Trade Organization mechanism

  • to sue the US for trade protectionism.”

  • The angry reaction from Chinese state-run media

  • tells us one thing:

  • Trump's pre-investigation is a great idea.

  • Even Democrats are supporting

  • Trump's tougher stance on China trade.

  • Here's what's behind it.

  • For decades, the Chinese Communist Party

  • has been using a variety of unfair

  • and even downright illegal methods

  • to steal foreign technology

  • and then use it to outcompete the companies

  • that invented that technology.

  • Remember how I talked about WeChat?

  • Yeah, they borrowed a lot of their ideas

  • from foreign companies.

  • But what President Trump is referring to is more specific.

  • It's about investigating whether the CCP

  • is forcing or pressuring American companies

  • to share their intellectual property

  • with Chinese companies.

  • The CCP has the long-term goal

  • of having Chinese companies learn from Western companies

  • and eventually replace them.

  • For example,

  • Ford Motor Company wanted to open

  • a bunch of car manufacturing plants in China.

  • But the Chinese government had a requirement:

  • Ford had to do it as a joint venture

  • with a local Chinese company,

  • Chang'an Motors.

  • And as another condition of access

  • to the Chinese market,

  • the Chinese government forced Ford to open

  • a research and development laboratory in China,

  • that they also had to share with Chang'an Motors.

  • There was a similar case with General Motors.

  • GM wanted to sell its electric hybrid Volt car in China.

  • The Chinese government provides huge subsidies

  • on qualifying electric vehicles,

  • as much as $19,000 off the retail price

  • of each car.

  • It's to encourage Chinese consumers to buy them.

  • But they refused to give the subsidy for GM's Volt.

  • That is, until GM agreed to transfer

  • some of their highly sensitive engineering technology

  • to a local Chinese competitor.

  • Here's another example:

  • Under a recent Chinese cybersecurity law,

  • US technology companies are required

  • to store user data from Chinese customers

  • on servers inside China.

  • And according to this article,

  • technology firms are forced

  • toturn over source code and encryption software

  • to the government,

  • potentially giving the Chinese government

  • a back door into private data

  • and proprietary technologies.”

  • Plus, this article about Apple says that

  • provincial authorities plan to

  • create a working committee

  • chaired by communist party members

  • to oversee the US company's iCloud facility

  • that they're building in China.

  • And I could go on and on with examples,

  • but you get the idea.

  • The CCP is forcing US companies

  • to turn over intellectual property

  • in exchange for being allowed

  • to do business in China.

  • So what President Trump did on Monday

  • was authorize US Trade Representative Lighthizer

  • to determine whether China should be investigated

  • for this under the Trade Act of 1974.

  • If Lighthizer decides to investigate,

  • and then if unfair trade practices are found,

  • the president can punish China

  • by imposing tariffs or other restrictions.

  • And this is just the beginning.

  • I want to tell you that.

  • This is just the beginning.”

  • The Trade Act of 1974 was used widely

  • during the Reagan era,

  • but hasn't been used as much in recent years,

  • because of a requirement to work with

  • the World Trade Organization before using it,

  • which Trump has implied he might not do.

  • But it's not like previous administrations

  • did nothing about the Chinese Communist Party's

  • intellectual property theft.

  • For example, under President Obama,

  • the White House focused on cracking down

  • on the CCP stealing intellectual property

  • by using hacking and cyber spying.

  • The Justice Department even brought criminal charges

  • against PLA soldiers for hacking into US companies,

  • including Westinghouse and US Steel.

  • But it's not an easy issue to deal with,

  • since the Communist Party's intellectual property theft

  • stretches back for decades.

  • According to this article,

  • China's relentless quest to be a technology leader

  • has deep roots,

  • stretching as far back as the 1950s.”

  • And in March of 1986,

  • the CCP began the “863 Program.”

  • A

  • ccording to the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive,

  • Project 863 “provides funding and guidance

  • for efforts to clandestinely acquire US technology

  • and sensitive economic information.”

  • That was 1986.

  • But China's intellectual property theft

  • really kicked off in 2001,

  • when China got access to the World Trade organization.

  • President Clinton did the leg work

  • to get China into the WTO,

  • and President Bush finished the job.

  • Their idea was to give US companies

  • better access to the Chinese market.

  • But what US companies got was this:

  • Congressional leaders say China is engaged

  • in economic espionage on a scale

  • never seen before.”

  • So maybe, just maybe,

  • the WTO mechanisms aren't doing

  • what they're supposed to

  • to protect American companies.

  • That's why President Trump is pulling

  • an obscure 1974 law out of the dusty,

  • avocado-green filing cabinet

  • and putting it to its original purpose:

  • Giving the US government the power

  • to punish foreign countries

  • for unfair trade practices.

  • So will work?

  • Well, it's going to be a long process.

  • For example,

  • if the US trade representative

  • decides to investigate China,

  • it may take up to a year for that to finish.

  • But one thing's for sure.

  • The CCP doesn't like it.

  • And they wouldn't expressgrave concern

  • if it were nothing.

  • Thanks for watching China Uncensored.

  • Once again, I'm Chris Chappell.

  • See you next time.

  • You know what else would be a very big move?

  • Supporting China Uncensored.

  • YouTube ads aren't enough

  • to fund our team to do episodes like this.

  • That's why viewers like you have joined

  • the China Uncensored 50-cent army!

  • Yes, join my team of supporters who contribute

  • a small amount of money for each episode we publish.

  • Click here now to visit our webpage on Patreon.com

  • and support us.

On this episode of China Uncensored,

字幕と単語

動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

B1 中級

Trump Orders China Trade Investigation | China Uncensored

  • 8 0
    zijun su に公開 2021 年 07 月 11 日
動画の中の単語