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  • - Today, we're tackling a tough topic

  • in English: phrasal verbs.

  • But we're going to learn them with movies.

  • (upbeat music)

  • Okay, first of all, what is a phrasal verb?

  • A phrasal verb is a type of verb in English

  • that uses both a main verb plus a particle,

  • which is a preposition or an adverb.

  • An example could be get in.

  • (car horn)

  • - Get in, loser!

  • We're going shopping.

  • - [Fallon] There are so many phrasal verbs in English

  • and the meaning of a phrasal verb changes

  • depending on what particle it takes.

  • - Timmy! - Get down now!

  • - Get off my plane!

  • - I'm just trying to get through the holidays.

  • - Now, as I'm sure you know,

  • there are lots of different phrasal verbs in English

  • but not all of them can be used the same way.

  • So let's break down the categories of phrasal verbs.

  • First, phrasal verbs can be

  • transitive or intransitive.

  • - What did you say?

  • - Transitive phrasal verbs need an object,

  • that is, a noun that's receiving

  • the action of the verb.

  • Remember, the object usually answers

  • the question whom or what.

  • For example, put on the suit.

  • - Put on the suit, let's go a few rounds.

  • - What did he put on?

  • He put on the suit.

  • So the suit is the object.

  • Here's a couple of examples

  • of transitive phrasal verbs.

  • - If we turn off the power, she turns it back on.

  • - You want me to write down all your messages?

  • - And maybe your friend would like

  • to fill out a suggestion slip.

  • - In contrast, intransitive phrasal verbs

  • do not have an object.

  • For example, I woke up.

  • There's no object at the end of that sentence.

  • Here's a couple of other examples

  • of intransitive phrasal verb.

  • - Men went to bed with their dream

  • and they didn't like it when they woke up with reality.

  • - I just, I'm trying to help you grow up, Andy!

  • - Well, thanks a lot!

  • - And then she dropped out of school

  • 'cause no one would talk to her.

  • - By the way, if you really want to master

  • phrasal verbs, you should try FluentU.

  • FluentU takes real English videos

  • like commercials, music videos,

  • and inspiring talks, and turns them

  • into learning experiences.

  • FluentU's videos are made for native speakers

  • by native speakers

  • so they are full of common phrasal verbs.

  • Click on the link in the description

  • to try out FluentU absolutely free.

  • We learned that phrasal verbs divide

  • into transitive and intransitive verbs,

  • and transitive phrasal verbs divide

  • into two other categories,

  • separable and inseparable.

  • An example of a separable phrasal verb

  • could be take off your shoes.

  • - Donny! - What?

  • - Take your shoes off! - I ain't taking my shoes off!

  • - Separable phrasal verbs have two options

  • with the object of the verb.

  • First, you can put the object

  • after the verb, like this.

  • The other option is that you can separate

  • the main verb and the particle

  • and put the object between them.

  • So instead of the sentence reading,

  • take off your shoes, it can read,

  • take your shoes off.

  • However, if the object is a pronoun,

  • for example, take it off,

  • we don't have a choice.

  • The pronoun must separate

  • the main verb and the particle.

  • It can't come after the verb.

  • Here's a couple of examples of what I mean.

  • - Give that back!

  • - [Boy] Nah, I don't think I will.

  • - Give it back to her!

  • - Why don't we just pick it up and move down the fairway?

  • - They said just put it on their tab.

  • - Last, inseparable phrasal verbs

  • are just phrasal verbs, in which the main verb

  • and particle can't be separated.

  • It doesn't matter if the object

  • is a noun or a pronoun.

  • Neither one can separate

  • the main verb and the particle.

  • If you want to review this explanation

  • of phrasal verbs later,

  • click on the link in the description

  • for a free PDF of all the information

  • in this video.

  • And if you're looking for more great videos

  • that use authentic English content,

  • check out this video over here.

  • It's definitely going to help you

  • take your English to the next level.

  • I'll see you over there.

- Today, we're tackling a tough topic

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B1 中級

Phrasal Verbs: Learn the basics with movies

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    nao に公開 2021 年 06 月 30 日
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