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  • On this episode of China Uncensored,

  • why are Tibetans in China this happy?

  • Because they have to be.

  • Welcome back to China Uncensored,

  • I'm Chris Chappell.

  • As you may know,

  • Tibet has been part of China since ancient times.

  • Which is why, in the 1950s,

  • the Chinese authorities had to liberate Tibet.

  • From being part of China... already?

  • Yeah, it's complicated.

  • But at the time,

  • Tibet was in a perilous state,

  • and had been for decades

  • because it was controlled by a cruel,

  • oppressive dictator.

  • Fortunately, in 1959 it was finally liberated

  • by a benevolent, democratic leader

  • Sure, Mao Zedong did kill an estimated 1 million Tibetans.

  • But he also believed in fairness.

  • Mao killed millions of people in other parts of China, too.

  • But anyway,

  • Tibetans are definitely happier now that they're free...

  • to be part of the People's Republic of China forever.

  • And in all seriousness,

  • as long as the Chinese Communist Party rules China,

  • they will never allow Tibet be an independent country.

  • But you might be wonderingwhy?

  • Why would the Party bother sending troops to Tibet,

  • subjugating its population,

  • and dealing with the decades of international backlash

  • for its occupation there?

  • I mean, the issue comes up every time

  • the Dalai Lama meets a world leader.

  • And it's so embarrassing.

  • Well it turns out the CCP's interest in Tibet

  • is about more than just making sure

  • the citizens there are happy.

  • I know, you're shocked.

  • In the CCP's view,

  • controlling Tibet is part of China's national security.

  • And there are three main parts:

  • Borders, minerals, and water.

  • You'll notice thatpeople

  • did not make it into the top three.

  • People are disposable.

  • It's the land that's precious.

  • So Borders.

  • This is Tibet.

  • It's huge.

  • It accounts for about 13% of all the landmass of China.

  • And that's just the arbitrarily drawn Tibet Autonomous Region.

  • Historical Tibet was twice as big,

  • and there are Tibetan people living in these areas today.

  • These are the Himalayan mountains.

  • They divide China from India, Nepal, and Bhutan.

  • And it's this natural border that makes Tibet so valuable.

  • The steep mountains and harsh climate

  • make travel across the border next to impossible.

  • A three-week death hike across the Himalayas stops

  • way more intruders than a concrete border wall.

  • Especially if you were, say, an invading Indian army.

  • China and India have been rivals for a long time.

  • They've fought wars over the border

  • between Tibet and India.

  • If Tibet were its own, independent country,

  • which neighbor do you think it would prefer to trade with,

  • and do military drills with,

  • and go out to dinner and a movie with:

  • China or India?

  • And while Tibet has this impregnable mountain

  • border wall on one side,

  • ....the other side is, well, still rugged,

  • but it's no Mount Everest.

  • Also now there are several good roads

  • and even a rail line connecting Tibet to China.

  • So not exactly impenetrable.

  • China has understood the border issue for a long time.

  • When British forces began making inroads into Tibet from India

  • in the early 1900s”,

  • ...The ruling Qing Dynasty freaked out

  • because they knew exactly what that could mean.

  • And today, the CCP does not want some allied Indian army

  • hanging out in Tibet,

  • next to some completely useless border.

  • After all,

  • good mountain ranges make good neighbors.

  • And there's another important reason

  • the CCP wants to control Tibet:

  • Minerals.

  • The Tibetan plateau stores an estimated

  • $130 billion dollars worth of mineral reserves.

  • Those include key manufacturing ingredients,

  • like iron to make steel,

  • gold to make electronics,

  • and lead to make bullets.

  • I mean, batteries.

  • There are also rarer metals,

  • like lithium, mercury, and uranium.

  • For decades,

  • the CCP has been importing a lot of minerals

  • from foreign countries to supply its manufacturing industries.

  • For example,

  • right now it's cheaper for China to import copper from Chile

  • than to mine it in Tibet.

  • But that's changing,

  • because the CCP is incentivizing companies

  • to mine in Tibet.

  • They do this by, for example,

  • giving mining companies exemptions

  • from cumbersome environmental rules.

  • That's why parts of Tibet are becoming

  • environmental disaster zones,

  • with polluted air, water and soil.

  • But the CCP wants to make sure that it can

  • mine important minerals in house

  • in case, I don't know,

  • other countries decide that the CCP is sucking them dry

  • and put export tariffs on their minerals.

  • The third major reason the CCP wants to control Tibet

  • is water.

  • Tibet is the giant peach-shaped water tower of Asia.

  • Most of the major river systems in Asia originate in Tibet

  • or from the larger Tibetan plateau.

  • Those include the two main rivers

  • that have sustained most of China's population

  • for millennia:

  • The Yellow River and the Yangtze River.

  • Imagine if Tibet were independent,

  • and Tibet decided to somehow dam up those rivers,

  • or re-route them!

  • It would be a disaster for China.

  • I know that sounds far-fetched.

  • How could the CCP ever think that Tibet

  • would do that to them?

  • Well, because the CCP is currently doing that

  • to other countries.

  • This is the Yarlung Zangbo River in Tibet.

  • It's also called the Brahmaputra River

  • as it flows down through eastern India and Bangladesh.

  • It's a really important river for those two countries.

  • And the CCP is in the process of damming it up.

  • It already built this,

  • the Zangmu hydroelectric power station.

  • It has plans for as many as two dozen more dams

  • along the same river.

  • The CCP also has plans to divert some of this river

  • to dry parts of northern China.

  • That sounds great to the CCP,

  • but it means the people of India and Bangladesh

  • will get less water,

  • and there's nothing they can do about it

  • because the CCP controls the source.

  • The CCP also controls the headwaters of rivers

  • that flow to Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia,

  • Thailand, and Vietnam.

  • So you can understand,

  • that with so much power over China's water

  • and other countries' water,

  • Tibet is a precious strategic resource.

  • That's why the Chinese Communist Party

  • will never allow a free Tibet.

  • The only hope is a future China controlled by

  • a not terrible, brutal, manipulative regime.

  • Thanks for watching this episode of China Uncensored.

  • Once again I'm your host Chris Chappell,

  • see you next time.

  • Want to learn more about Tibet?

  • Go to ChinaUncensored.tv.

  • There you'll see more great episodes

  • about everything you want to know

  • about China today.

  • Once again that's ChinaUncensored.tv.

On this episode of China Uncensored,

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Why China Will Never Allow a Free Tibet | China Uncensored

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    zijun su に公開 2021 年 06 月 29 日
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