字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント (upbeat music) - Hello, everyone, and welcome back to English with Lucy. Today, I have a vocabulary lesson for you. In today's lesson, we are going to discuss 50, yes, 50. But don't worry, it won't be too much, 50 advanced adjectives that you can use to describe personality. These words are more advanced so you can give really accurate descriptions of people. In this video we will also focus on pronunciation. I have included the phonetic transcription for each word plus their meaning and a little chat about where they can be used. I have also created a free PDF that goes along with this lesson. It contains all of the words that we discussed along with their pronunciation and their meaning. And I have included a little quiz at the end so that you can test your understanding. If you'd like to download that PDF, just click on the link in the description box. You enter your name and your email address and I send the PDF directly to your inbox. By doing this, you sign up to my mailing list, meaning that every week, as soon as the PDF is available, I'll send it straight to you. You don't need to sign up every time. I'll also keep you updated on all of my news, offers, and courses. Before we get started, I would like to thank the sponsor of today's video, it is Lingoda, your new language school. You can attend this language school from the comfort of your own home 24/7 at your own pace. Cut the travel time, not the quality. Lingoda has an interactive curriculum and three to four student average class sizes. So you can learn in small groups with amazing qualified teachers. You can learn English, business English, Spanish, French, and German from beginner to advanced level. They have recently added cool new features like homework and quizzes to keep your learning journey on track. The best part is you can now experience a seven-day free trial. That is one week of access with three entirely free classes. On top of that, for a limited time, if you use the code GET30, you can get a 30% discount on your first paid month if you choose to continue after that free trial. To take advantage of this limited offer, just click on the link in the description box, use the code GET30 and claim your free trial and your 30% discount. But hurry, this offer ends on my birthday, the 10th of June. So do it before my birthday. (laughs) Right, let's get started with the vocabulary lesson. So I have got 25 positive personality adjectives and 25 negative personality adjectives. Which ones do you think we should start with? I think I'm going to start with positive so we can raise everyone's mood and then bring you back down again. Just how I like it. Number one is adaptable, adaptable. If somebody is an adaptable person, it means they are someone who is able to change to successfully deal with new situations, especially difficult ones. You could say she's a great social worker because she's so adaptable. She's such an adaptable person. We also have number two, which is affable, affable. This could be used to describe somebody who is pleasant, polite, and easy to talk to. It's a very positive word. He was incredibly affable with me when I forgot my ticket. Number three: ambitious, ambitious. This is usually positive, but sometimes depending on tone, it can be slightly negative as well. It describes somebody who is determined to be rich, powerful, and successful. He's very ambitious and I think he'll do very well in life. Number four, this is a lovely one: amicable, amicable. This is a way of saying that somebody is polite and friendly and can manage situations without arguments. He seemed very amicable on the telephone, so I was shocked at his rude email. Number five is bright, bright. And a lot of learners of English misunderstand this word because it also means shining, you know, a source of light. When we're using it to describe people, it usually means intelligent or clever. You're a bright girl, I know you'll pass the exam. You're an intelligent or clever girl. Number six is broad-minded, broad-minded. I mentioned a couple of videos back narrow-minded, this is the opposite. Narrow-minded, broad-minded. It means that you are willing to understand and listen to other people's opinions even if they're different from your own. Luckily, our boss is quite broad-minded, so I'm sure he won't mind you wearing that today. I wonder what that person was wearing for a boss to have to be broad-minded. We also have number seven: conscientious, conscientious. This can be used to describe people who take care to do things carefully and correctly. His conscientious manner makes him a fantastic engineer. Number eight: convivial, convivial. This simply means cheerful and friendly. She was a convivial party host who made everyone feel welcomed. We also have number nine: courteous, courteous. I really like that word, courteous. This means polite and respectful. If somebody is courteous, they are a respectful and polite person. I can't believe how courteous the school children were today. I remember it was such an honour to be called courteous at school. Number 10 is decisive, decisive. And like many of these, it does depend on context and tone of voice. This is used to describe somebody who is able to decide quickly and with confidence. She's quite decisive, so I don't think she'll change her mind. Number 11 is determined, determined. Very similar to ambitious in a way, but in particular, this is used to describe people who are able to continue trying to do something even if it's difficult. Her determined nature made her the perfect Olympian. Number 12: diplomatic, diplomatic. If I can think of anyone who's diplomatic, it is my father, the most diplomatic man on earth, I think. It means that he's able to deal with people in difficult situations. If some people are having an argument in front of him, he can say, now, now, everyone, let's sit down, talk it out. Let's find an arrangement that's mutually beneficial. With my dad, it's all about compromise. My dad's diplomatic nature made him a great boss. Number 13, this one is used to describe my husband-to-be, easy-going, (laughs) easy-going, also laid-back might be another alternative. This is used to describe people who are relaxed and happy to accept things without worrying or stressing or getting angry. That's my fiance in a nutshell. We often say he's so laid-back that he's actually horizontal. I don't think I've ever seen him get really stressed. An example, he's an easy-going guy with a carefree attitude. Number 14 is exuberant, exuberant. This means full of energy, happiness, and excitement. And do you know what? Today I think that describes me. I do feel particularly full of energy, happiness, and excitement. An example: her exuberant nature exhausted me. Number 15, this is my mum's favourite word, not favourite, but she uses it a lot: frank, frank. It's sometimes positive and sometimes negative, it's actually quite neutral. If somebody is frank, it means they are honest and direct, especially in what they say. So they say things without worrying too much about if it will offend people. If anyone is ever rude to my mum, she will then describe them to me as frank. She's quite frank. He was very frank with me, which means he was bloody rude to me. She's very frank, but she gets results. That's a good sentence. Number 16 is gregarious, gregarious. This simply means sociable. I think you'll get on well as you're both so gregarious. Number 17: intuitive, intuitive. This means you're able to understand something or someone by using feelings rather than using facts or understanding the facts. She's a great teacher because she's so intuitive. She understands what her students need without having to ask them. Number 18 is inventive, inventive. This means imaginative or creative, able to think of new ideas, new ways of doing things. I'm sure he'll find a use for your broken television. He's incredibly inventive. Number 19 is modest, modest. This is used to describe somebody who doesn't talk about how great they are. They don't boast or talk about their abilities or their possessions. If somebody understates something, if somebody says, oh, my English, isn't that good, but their English is very good, you can say, I think you're being a bit modest there. We also use it sarcastically. If somebody does show off, we go, oh, modest, you're very modest. (laughs) Number 20 is pioneering, pioneering. This is used to describe early adopters, people who start to do something first and then others follow. An example: she had an affair with a pioneering cryptocurrency investor. Number 21 is placid, placid. And this is positive leaning towards neutral. It could also be used to describe somebody a bit boring, but it means not easily excited, very calm. Don't worry about her dog, he's very placid. He won't jump up. Number 22 is proactive, proactive. This is used to describe somebody who makes things happen. They don't wait for things to happen, they make things happen. She's very proactive when it comes to her work life, but her personal life is very different. Me. 23 is quick-witted, quick-witted. And this means very intelligent, very able to think quickly or very quick to respond with funny or witty comments. I wouldn't heckle the comedian, he is very quick-witted. To heckle is to shout something at a comedian or a performer from the audience, usually in order to get a reaction. Number 24 is resourceful, resourceful. If somebody is resourceful, they are good at finding ways of doing things or solving problems. We didn't have much money growing up, but our mother was very resourceful. And number 25, the last positive adjective is versatile, versatile. This means able to do many things. My personal assistant is incredibly versatile. She's able to do all sorts of things. Unfortunately, all good things come to an end and now we've got to talk about the negative adjectives, but they are quite fun. They're good for talking about people. Number one is aloof, aloof. I could have described my old dog as aloof. It means not friendly, not interested in other people. We had a sausage dog, a dachshund, and she came to you on her own terms. She was not friendly, she was aloof. Number two is belligerent, belligerent. What a wonderful word to say. This means unfriendly and aggressive. His belligerent attitude drove me up the wall.