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  • What's connected speech?

  • Well, It's the difference between sounding like a robot or sounding like a native speaker.

  • Why should you learn it? Connected speech is very important if you want to understand spoken English better.

  • Especially if you're going to do an English exam like Ielts, Toefl, Toeic, the Cambridge Exams, yeah, whatever

  • Connected speech will really help you with the listening in the speaking sections.

  • In our first series, we've showed you that English is a non-rhotic accent.

  • What does it mean? So a word like art, we don't pronounce the "r". It's quite soft, "Art".

  • In American English, it's rhotic. American English "Art", or car, "Car".

  • And you also learned what a schwa was.

  • At the end of a word for example, If it ends with an "er", "ar", "or", like teacher.

  • We don't say Teacher, we say Teacher. Doctor, Lawyer.

  • So knowing that you know that the "r" sound we don't pronounce it much. Or, do we?

  • So let's take a word which finishes with an "r" sound.

  • British accent non-rhotic "here". American Accent rhotic "here".

  • They pronounce the R.

  • So in a British accent, yet we don't pronounce that "r", but if that next word begins with a vowel sound, for example in a sentence.

  • Here and There.

  • "And" begins with an "a", that's a vowel sound. We then have to pronounce that "r" to make it sound natural.

  • So Here and There that sounds like a robot.

  • But if we pronounce that "r" and link it to the next vowel sound, we get here ren [their].

  • Here ren [their]. Say with me Here and There.

  • Do you want more examples or do you want more examples?

  • What would you prefer to be a doctor or a lawyer?

  • Your eyes are in my heart. We are never ever getting back together.

  • Ben Affleck

  • A better actor is Matt Damon.

  • This is where it gets strange.

  • Not only if the last sound isn't our sound it can be [if] it finishes in an app or a schwa sound.

  • For example, Pasta.

  • Pasta finishes in a schwa sound but there's no are when you spell it.

  • It's just a schwa sound.

  • But in a sentence "Pasta and chicken", we've got a vowel sound with "a" and pasta finishes with a schwa.

  • When we go from a schwa, so an "a" we do the same we connect it with an R.

  • What are you cooking? I'm cooking Pasta Rim Chicken.

  • This process is called "R Linking", so if you've ever heard the phrase "R Linking" that's what it is.

  • An R sound isn't the only sound which invades two words together.

  • Go away. Said together, Gow away.

  • You see there's a [w] sound that goes in the middle of the words.

  • So when you go from o to a, you join it with a "w". gow away.

  • Another example could be in this sentence.

  • No, I won't. "O", "I", link them together.

  • Again put that [w], "NowI won't".

  • Another example in this sentence, we've got she, finishes with an "e" sound.

  • "isn't" that starts with an "i".

  • "e", "i", how would we join that?

  • We have to put a /j/ sound. Sheyisn't happy.

  • Weird, right? How about this one?

  • "ea", "a", from "ea" to "a". Again, /j/.

  • finishes without e. We go to a vowel sound tea and crumpets tea and crumpets tea and crumpets

  • So that's if a vowel sound ends a word and the next word begins with a vowel sound we link them with another sound

  • but if a word finishes with a consonant sound and the next word begins with a vowel sound

  • That consonant sound joins the next word let me give you an example

  • Not at all if I say not at all

  • It doesn't sound right the tea is a continent that a is a vowel the same here

  • So the tea joins that next word in both cases

  • So not at all becomes

  • Not tap tall that's how it sounds not at all say with me not at all not

  • [at] all thank you, not at all. How about this one pick it up

  • Again, that's a consonant sound if that's a vowel sound the same rule applies

  • Pick it up pick [it] up pick it up pick it up

  • Try this sentence can I speak to Mr.. Bunga Bunga?

  • Mr.. Bunga, Bunga

  • He's in italy

  • He's in Italy Zhu zin

  • Mmm, nick. He's in italy. He's in Italy and

  • [doughnut]

  • Put it on a plate

  • For all you nerdy types this process called catenation

  • How about if one word finishes in one consonant sound which is the same consonant sound as the next word starts with?

  • Hmm for example this sentence should I say I want to go?

  • That would sound very emphasized in a bit strange in

  • natural speech if this word finishes and the same consonant sound as this one starts with

  • We join them together, and it doesn't sound like a double consonant [I]

  • Want to want to I want to go that's how words get contracted

  • 1210

  • Mmm. You can see how it gets contracted. The same way of this one. Do I look cool

  • Do I look cool so keep those points in mind keep practicing and I'll see you in the next class

  • hi, A

  • Lot of people got quite angry about the glottal t episode to practice this get your sweet

  • Americans call it candy put at the back of your tongue imagine. It's very heavy and it weighs the back of your tongue down

What's connected speech?


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Perfect English! - Speak faster and more naturally with connected speech

  • 27 2
    Amy.Lin に公開 2021 年 02 月 17 日