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  • - [Narrator] Every year, millions of kids give cards and candy to their classmates or secret crush.

    - [ナレーター] 毎年、たくさんの子どもたちがクラスメートや片思いの人にカードやキャンディーをプレゼントします。

  • But why?


  • Who invented Valentine's Day, and when did it start?


  • Let's find out on today's episode of


  • - [Commanding Voice] Colossal Questions.

    - [タイトルコールの声で] Colossal Questions(大質問)を始めましょう。

  • - [Narrator] As you probably know, Valentine's Day, also known as Saint Valentine's Day, is a holiday held every year on February 14th to celebrate our loved ones, give them cards, candy, and other gifts to show them how we feel.

    - [ナレーター]おそらく皆さんご存知の通り、バレンタインデーまたは聖バレンタインデーとして知られているこの日は、2月14日に愛する人たちを祝福する日でカードやキャンディーその他のプレゼントを渡して自分の気持ちを伝える日です。 

  • Who is Saint Valentine?


  • And why was this lovely holiday named after him?


  • It's hard to say.


  • For starters, there are several different saints named Valentine.


  • Experts can't say for sure which one is the man behind the holiday, but some believe it's named after Saint Valentine of Rome, who died in 269 A.D. after defying the Emperor.


  • Claudius II decided that single men make better soldiers than guys with wives and families, so he outlawed marriage for young men of fighting age.

    クラウディウス 2 世は独身男性の方が妻子を持った男よりも良い兵士となると決めつけて、兵役に適した年齢の男子の結婚を法律で禁止しました。

  • Saint Valentine defied the Emperor's orders and continued performing marriage ceremonies for young, love-struck couples in secret until he was discovered and put to death.


  • Okay, so the history of how the holiday got its name


  • is murky to say the least, but what about its date?


  • Why does Valentine's Day fall on February 14th?

    なぜバレンタインデーは 2 月 14 日になったのでしょう?

  • Most experts believe it was picked to keep the tradition of an old Roman festival called Lupercalia.


  • It was a day-long holiday dedicated to love and fertility held on the 15th of February each year.

    このお祭りは 1 日がかりで行われて、毎年 2 月 15 日に愛する人たちと子宝に恵まれることを願って行われるものでした。

  • As Christianity spread across the Roman Empire, Lupercalia was outlawed and replaced with a church-approved version held the day before known as Saint Valentine's Day that took its place.

    キリスト教がローマ帝国内に浸透する中でルペルカーリア祭は法律で禁止され、教会が認可した現在のバレンタインデーとして知られるお祝いが 1 日前に行われるようになったのです。

  • By the Middle Ages, lovers began giving valentine's to each other.


  • The oldest-known valentine was written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans to his wife while he was locked up in the Tower of London after being captured in battle.


  • A woman named Esther Howland, known today as the mother of the American valentine, invented the first mass-produced version, which was decorated with lace, colored paper, ribbons, and other things we're still using to make them.


  • Today, almost 150 million Valentine's Day cards are sent every year, and that number is only growing.

    現在では毎年 1 億 5000 万枚のバレンタインデー・カードが送られており、その数は年々増加しています。

  • So this year, if you've got a special someone on your mind, do what people have done for thousands of years.


  • Work up the nerve to write them a valentine.


  • (playful music)


- [Narrator] Every year, millions of kids give cards and candy to their classmates or secret crush.

- [ナレーター] 毎年、たくさんの子どもたちがクラスメートや片思いの人にカードやキャンディーをプレゼントします。

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    Miho Ishii に公開 2021 年 02 月 08 日