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  • Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a very interesting

    こんにちは、 へようこそ。Adam です。今日のレッスンはとても面白いです。

  • one. It's one of my favourites. Why? Because I love to eat. Actually, a long time ago,


  • before I was a teacher, before I did any of that, I went to culinary school. "Culinary School"


  • -- I learned how to cook. I was going to be a chef. But then I worked at a restaurant,


  • actually I worked in a few restaurants and I decided: "Nope, I don't want to be a chef


  • anymore." But I still like to cook, I still love to eat. So some of my students were asking


  • me for kitchen vocab, some culinary cooking vocab.


  • First, let's start with this question: "What's cookin'?" Now, it could mean: "Ah, something

    まず、この質問から始めましょう。"What's cookin'?" 「いい匂いしてるね。何を作ってる?」という意味があります。

  • smells good. What's cookin'?" Means what are you making, what dish are you making? But


  • sometimes, people will ask this as slang: "What's cookin?" means: "What's happening?


  • How are things? How are you?" Just so you know. A good idiom to recognize.


  • So we're looking at kitchen vocab. When we're talking about cooking, we're talking about


  • culinary arts. Okay? So you ever hear this expression: "culinary" means about cooking,

    いいですか?聞いたことがあると思いますが、"culinary" は料理のこと、

  • about food. Now, before I get into these actions, some


  • of these actions that you will use while you are cooking, it's a moral imperative that


  • I spend a minute about these two words. What does "moral imperative" mean? It means that

    1分ぐらいこの二つの単語を説明させていただきます。"moral imperative" はどういう意味でしょう?

  • to be a good person, I must tell you something about these words. First: "a chef", a chef

    いい人なので、これらの単語を説明しなければならない義務があります。まず、"a chef (シェフ)" は

  • is a person who studied cooking, went to school and studied, has worked in many restaurants,


  • and has practiced for a long time in his art, his cooking skills. This person - or her -, this


  • person probably has a diploma and is usually the boss of a kitchen in a restaurant somewhere.


  • Now, "a cook" is a person who is just starting to cook or somebody who just makes food at

    "a cook (コック)" とは料理を始めたばかりの人や家で料理をする人のことを指します。

  • home. Anybody can be a cook. So "cook" could be a noun, the person, or: "to cook", verb,

    誰でもコックになれます。なので、"cook" は名詞でもありますし、"to cook" 動詞でもあります。

  • to prepare dishes. Now, very, very, very important and I must stress this: "cook", the pronunciation

    料理を準備すること。とっても、とっても重要で、強調しないといけないのは、"cook" の発音は

  • of this word is very important. It's: "uh", "uh", "uhk". "Cook", okay? "Cook". Sounds

    とても重要です。"uh", "uh", "uhk". "Cook" いいですか?"Cook" の発音は

  • like, it rhymes with: "look" or: "took" or: "book". Okay? "Book", "took", "look", "cook".

    "look" "took" "book" と韻を踏みます。いいですか?"Book", "took", "look", "cook".

  • It does not, not rhyme with: "rock" or: "sock" or: "lock". Okay? Not. So if somebody says

    "rock" "sock" "lock" と韻を踏んでいません。いいですか?もし誰かが

  • to you: "Oh, I'm a good cock." Say: "I'm happy for you. Bye-bye." Okay? Because they're talking

    "Oh, I'm a good cock. (私はいいおんどりです。)" と言われたら、 "I'm happy for you. Bye-bye.(よかったですね。それでは。)" と返事しましょう。いいですか?

  • about something else completely. "Cook", be very careful about this word.

    まったく別の話になるからです。"Cook" この単語を使うときは注意してください。

  • Okay, let's get started. Let's say you're on the internet, you want to look for some


  • new dishes, you want to surprise your family with a nice new meal from a different country


  • maybe. You get on the internet and you find a "recipe", recipe for a nice dish. But, you're


  • not sure about how to make it because you don't recognize some of these actions. "Pot",

    どうやって作るのかがわからない、動詞の意味がわからないから。"Pot (鍋)"

  • "pan", all of these things you can understand. My little stove here, and my little oven here,

    "pan (平なべ)" などの単語は知ってるはずです。これは私の小さいストーブと小さいオーブンです。

  • I'm sure you can understand. Let's look at the actions.


  • "To saute", now this word actually comes from the French, but we use it in English as well.

    "To saute (軽く炒める)" もともとフランス語で、今は英語でも使います。

  • "To saute" means in a skillet or in a pan, to cook lightly. So you have your pan, your

    "To saute" は平なべかフライパンで軽く炒めることです。フライパン、

  • flat pan, put a little bit of oil, put in your onions on the stove, and you saute, you


  • flip, you cook it a little bit to a little bit brown, and then you put other things in


  • it or you add it to other things. "Boil/simmer", these are very similar actions.

    ほかの食材に入れたりします。 "Boil (沸かす/ ~を煮る)/ simmer (煮込む)" は似たような動作です。

  • "Boil", you put something in a pot, like something like this and high, full of water. You put

    "Boil" は鍋に食材を入れて、こんなちょっと高さがある鍋で、たくさんのお水を入れます。

  • the heat very, very high. So boiling is very high heat, big bubbles, and very fast moving.

    そして、強火にします。なので、"Boil" とは高温で、大きい泡が出て、水の回転も速いことです。

  • "Bluh, bluh, bluh, bluh, bluh." Right? Like very boiling, so the bubbles go very fast


  • and very high. "Simmer" means lower heat, small bubbles moving slowly. Okay? So when

    高くなります。"Simmer" とは低温で、小さい泡が出て、水の回転も遅いです。いいですか?

  • you're making a nice soup or a stew, first you get everything boiling, and then you reduce


  • the heat and let it simmer for like an hour; get all the flavours to blend together really


  • nicely. Then you have: "broil/roast". So "broil" and

    それでは、 "broil (直火で焼く)/ roast ((遠火で焼く)" です。

  • "roast", we're using the oven. If you want to cook something like very quickly and get


  • the top like very crispy, you broil. "Broil" means heat from the top, so the heat is going

    外側はパリパリさせたいとき、直火で焼きます。"Broil" の熱は上からので、熱はこんな風に

  • like this on to the food. "Roast" means the heat is coming from the bottom and the sides,

    食材を焼きます。"Roast" とは下か周囲から焼きます。

  • so it cooks the inside and takes a little bit longer. Okay.


  • "Grill". "Grill", like for example: when you barbeque. When you're barbequing, you are

    "Grill (グリル)" は、例えば、バーベキューをするとき。バーベキューをするのはグリルです。

  • grilling. You have the lines of the grill, you put your steak on it, then you flip it,


  • etcetera. That's grilling, usually with fire, coals, lines.


  • Next: you're preparing your... All your "ingredients". That's another good word. You're preparing


  • all your ingredients, all the things that will go into the dish.


  • So you have to "chop" or "dice". Now, if you're a chef, there's a difference between "chop"

    "chop (細かく切る)" "dice (さいの目に刻む)" が必要です。シェフだったら、"chop" と "dice" には違いがあります。

  • and "dice". If you're cooking at home, there's no difference. Like quickly cut, you take


  • your knife, your cutting board and: "Ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch"


  • into little pieces. The only difference between these two is the size that... Of the onion,


  • let's say you're cutting onion into little pieces. "Chop", "dice".

    例えば、玉ねぎを小さく切ります。"Chop" と "dice"。

  • "Slice". "Slice" means you're getting larger pieces. If you take your onion, you slice,

    "Slice (ひと切れ切り取る)" はより大きい切れです。玉ねぎを取って、スライスして、

  • you have a nice round piece of onion and then you put it on your hamburger. Very delicious.


  • "Fry", anything that you do with oil, even sautéing is a type of frying because you're

    "Fry (炒める)" は油と関する全ての動作です。sautéing も炒めのひとつです。油で炒めますから。

  • doing it with oil. "Deep-fry" means you cover it with oil. Regular "fry" means just oil

    "Deep-fry (揚げる)" は油に食材を入れます。"fry" は少しの油を入れて、

  • both sides, away you go. "Stir", so when you're simmering something,

    かき混ぜることです。"Stir" は何かを煮込んでるとき、

  • don't forget once in a while to give it a stir. Otherwise, all the ingredients, all


  • the heavy ingredients will fall to the bottom and burn. Okay? Every once in a while stir,


  • get everything rising up again; get all those flavours mixing. Okay?


  • So there. Now, I love to eat. I mean I... I'm sure I don't look maybe that big to you,


  • but I do love to eat. Please, send me a recommended dish. What is your favourite dish? Go to

    食べることが大好きです。私にお勧めの料理を教えてください。あなたの好きな料理は? に行って、

  • First of all, you can practice these words with a quiz. Second, tell me: what is your


  • favourite dish? What must I try to say that I have lived? I need to know your dish. Okay?


  • Also, make sure to go to YouTube, check my channel and subscribe to it. And come again,


  • visit us. Bye.


Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a very interesting

こんにちは、 へようこそ。Adam です。今日のレッスンはとても面白いです。

審査済み この字幕は審査済みです

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