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  • Hi, I'm Fashion Historian Amber Butchart.

  • I'm here at Osborne on the Isle of Wight to follow in the royal foosteps of Queen Victoria.

  • Osborne was the holiday home for the Queen and her family through much of the 19th century

  • and today it's cared for by English Heritage.

  • Victoria retreated here away from the prying eyes of the public but today we have a special invitation

  • So join us as we recreate another history inspired look and find out more about

  • the Queen, her home and the country she ruled over.

  • Hello!

  • Hey Amber, how's it going?

  • Good thanks. So today, Queen Victoria. Now she reigned from 1837 to 1901 and after Queen Elizabeth II

  • she's actually our longest reigning monarch to date.

  • We're here in the glorious surroundings of Osbourne her holiday home so Rebecca

  • what look are you going to do for us today?

  • On our beautiful model, Hollie, I'm going to be creating a Queen Victoria inspired makeup look.

  • You can see from Victoria's various portraits that her look was very much a fair but not excessively white,

  • skin a little flush of color in the cheeks and very neat well groomed hair

  • So it's kind of the, it's the ultimate no makeup makeup tutorial that we're going to do today

  • Lovely!

  • There's a quote going round that Victoria herself thought that makeup was vulgar

  • Now while we don't know the while we don't know the source of that quote what we do know is

  • in the Victorian era makeup became much less obvious

  • It became much more subtle

  • And so where would she have worn a look like the one you're going to create?

  • Well, let's imagine that Holly is going to be

  • getting ready to have her portrait painted so that she needs to look very elegant

  • So let's start with the first part of our makeup tutorial and we'll talk

  • skin care and skin prep.

  • Here at Osborne if you go upstairs to Queen Victoria's

  • Dressing Room you can see her dressing table and her wash stand and I'm so

  • curious I really want to know what's in all those little pots. It's tricky to

  • know what Victoria wore on her face, but we do have some really nice quotes

  • from and Frieda Arnold who was one of her dresses at the time who said the

  • Queen liked to go to her dressing table around 8 o'clock in the evening when the

  • maids will have set out some elderflower water

  • for her to wash her face and hands and also some chamomile tea for her to bathe

  • her eyes. So let's start with some chamomile tea to bathe the eyes if you

  • keep your eyes closed for me Hollie.

  • Is that soothing? How does it feel?

  • Yeah, it's lovely.

  • Chamomile is really known for being soothing and calming and

  • I'm sure Victoria would have appreciated this after a long day of

  • state affairs, horse riding and walking around Osborne

  • And now let's wash that face with some elderflower water

  • After Victoria's had her skin prepped and cleansed

  • we'll then move on to the next step which is kind of a foundation base

  • Now we just stepped outside to do Hollie's base because we can't use loose powder

  • in a historical building. I've got a brush with almost nothing on it just for

  • some touch-ups. And we've used zinc oxide now one of the strongest differences for

  • Victorian makeup is the move away from a really heavy white painted base and the

  • move away from using white lead as that base.

  • Zinc oxide came in and replaced

  • white lead and it was great because it's sheer, it still gives you that slightly white finish

  • Most importantly it won't kill you - Yay! - when you wear it

  • which is brilliant

  • We still use zinc oxide in makeup today. You'll see it most often in

  • sunscreen products and you'll probably see that if you've ever put a high

  • factor sunscreen on your skin you can see that kind of white cast

  • Oh that sort of chalky nature?

  • Yeah.

  • Now if you could get your hands on zinc oxide brilliant if you can't get your hands on

  • zinc oxide sometimes middle-class - working-class women might use things

  • like starch or maybe chalk dust to make their faces look lighter or they might

  • resort to some recipes that they've seen in books or magazines.

  • We see a real rise in magazines in this period. The Industrial Revolution sees a huge

  • expansion of the middle-class and along with this a lot of journal sort of

  • etiquette journals beauty fashion manuals to help people negotiate their

  • new social position. And one of note in particular that comes from the period

  • we're looking at - the 1850s - is the English Woman's Domestic magazine.

  • This was published by Samuel Beaton who was the husband of Isabella Beaton who was

  • famous for her book of household management.

  • Of course, Mrs Beeton!

  • Exactly! So this would cover it was aimed squarely at a middle class audience that

  • would cover all of these areas and even some political commentary as well,

  • and fiction, all kinds of things for middle-class Victorian women to read

  • But not everyone was so prosperous at this time, were they?

  • No definitely not

  • The Industrial Revolution also caused huge amounts of poverty and squalor in some

  • urban areas and also tuberculosis. This claimed sixty to seventy thousand lives

  • in each decade of Victoria's reign

  • It was a serious epidemic in Queen Victoria's reign, but also tuberculosis

  • formed kind of a beauty movement

  • People thought that the symptoms of tuberculosis were beautiful

  • The hectic flush cheek, a pale skin and also brightened eyes and because tuberculosis

  • was thought to be beautiful, women may have started to emulate some of the symptoms

  • So they wore more white powder to give them that pale look, they

  • might have added more rouge for the for the flush of a fever and they also might

  • have used belladonna which is a chemical that makes your pupils dilate

  • Dilated pupils can be a sign of sickness and it also is believed to make women look

  • more attractive

  • I'm not going to use belladonna, you'll be grateful to hear

  • I'm going to use just some good old eyedrops, so if you would pop your head

  • back for me let's pop some eyedrops in here and see if we can give you that

  • consumptive chic

  • There we go

  • So shiny

  • One might almost say glassy

  • Women didn't necessarily wear a lot of product around their eyes at this time

  • Kohl was considered vulgar and also not worth the deception, so something simple and more

  • natural was often used maybe it might be castor oil on the eyebrows and the

  • eyelashes to give them a gloss and a shine and to help them grow longer and stronger

  • We're now onto the cheeks stage of our makeup and I'm going to be using

  • our good old friend rouge

  • Now rouge has been around in many forms for hundreds of years and in the Victorian era

  • there were quite a few different forms of rouge even though it was very subtly used

  • The version that I'm going to use is a liquid rouge and this was often made using

  • either vegetable color maybe

  • beetroot or possibly carmine which is derived from cochineal beetles mixed with

  • alcohol and water and I read one source that suggests that you apply the liquid rouge

  • with a hankerchief. I've never never done this before so let's see how

  • hankerchief application works

  • It's not bad!

  • Now while we don't know whether Victoria herself wore rouge, she does make a couple of mentions

  • to it in her diary, specifically other people wearing it

  • and mentioning that they look better for wearing a little bit of rouge

  • So maybe she wasn't too against makeup

  • Lips are really natural in this era. Some people said that rosy lips were the

  • reward of temperate living and exercise outdoors. We're gonna use a rose-tinted lip salve

  • There were loads of recipes for how to create your own lip salves

  • but also this was the era where makeup started to be mass-produced and the

  • first commercially available lipstick in a tube was available towards the end of

  • the 19th century

  • Mass-production was really impacting fashion at this time as well

  • In the 1850s the cage crinoline is developed using rings of steel and this

  • is called the first industrial fashion because of the way it was manufactured

  • And it said that by the early 1860s apparently one seventh of the weekly output of

  • steel in Sheffield actually went towards making these crinolines

  • So it was a very you know huge fashion at this time. Queen Victoria apparently

  • even succumbed to the cage crinoline just once when it was really, really hot

  • too hot to wear her layers and layers and layers of petticoats that she

  • otherwise would have warden to create the same silhouettes.

  • Now we've got our Queen Victoria inspired face, let's move on to something that's very iconic for

  • Queen Victoria and that was her hair and her hairstyles. Now Victoria would have

  • her hair done by a maid in the morning just into a simple twist and then her

  • iconic hairstyle was created by her hairdressers. She had up to two

  • hairdressers on retainer any one time that would do her hair daily and her

  • very neat, plaited, low bun style reflects that Victorian sensibility of modesty

  • and simplicity, but also that having loose hair meant

  • that you might also have loose morals

  • Ah yes Victoria and Albert styled

  • themselves as a very respectable couple so no loose hair to be seen on Victoria

  • But it is quite relevant for our beachside setting here at Osborne because the

  • seaside was one of the places where you might actually come across loose hair

  • and some of ideas of loose morality that go alongside that.

  • The seaside starts to impact your wardrobe as well

  • You would pack specific seaside dresses for your

  • trip and these would be a bit more outlandish than fashions that you might

  • wear in the city centre so maybe striped or maybe with a sort of a nautical touch

  • as you can see here

  • Now while you work on the hair, I am going to go and find out much more about

  • Victoria's reign, so I'll see you guys later

  • See you later

  • Michael this is quite the holiday home what can you tell me about Osborne?

  • Well, Osborne was built by Victoria and Albert as a private family home they had recently

  • got married so like any newly married couple I guess

  • they wanted a place of their own not a state residence this was a private

  • family home somewhere where they could escape to from the pressures of court

  • life in London and Windsor.

  • Victoria is known as a ruler who had a very strict moral code

  • How did her upbringing impact that?

  • She had quite a strict upbringing. She was brought up by her mother, her father had

  • died when she was just you know not even a year old and her mother was really

  • reacting I suppose against the loose morals of the previous Georgian period

  • and Queen Victoria remembered her childhood as a rather melancholy affair

  • really, a rather lonely affair.

  • And so that must have also influenced the way

  • that she felt about family and children as well if she was brought up on her own?

  • Yes, I mean I think because she didn't really have much of a normal family life

  • herself she in turn reacted against this and when she married Albert and they had

  • children of their own they wanted to create this sort of idyllic happy family

  • life something that neither Victoria or Albert had really had themselves as children

  • Victoria's reign is known as a huge period of change especially

  • with the Industrial Revolution. What are the global ramifications of this?

  • I think the technological changes were huge. There was an outlook, it was possible to

  • look outward much more and communicate globally and of course this led to the

  • building up of a huge empire during Victoria's reign and it's appropriate

  • that we're standing in this room talking at the moment, this fabulous Indian interior

  • because India became a part of a very important central part of

  • Victoria's Empire so much so that she became Empress of India in the 1870s

  • What kind clothes with Victoria have worn here at Osborne?

  • The kind of clothes she wore were comparatively relaxed, Osborne

  • being a family home there wasn't this formality of dress here that there would

  • have been elsewhere, no crowns and tiaras for instance. So floaty summer dresses,

  • muslins, light silks that sort of thing

  • And you have some items of clothing here

  • that Victoria actually wore. What can you tell me about them?

  • We've got a night dress that we know that she wore. It's monogrammed with her V R with a crown on the top

  • Wow! It's my dream to have monogrammed pyjamas

  • You must! You must!

  • We've also got a couple of pairs of stockings a white pair and a black pair

  • both of which have got again the Queen's initials on the top. The black pair were

  • probably morning stockings I think I mean famously Queen Victoria spent most

  • of her later years as a widow

  • Thanks so much Michael I'm gonna go and see how

  • our Victoria is coming together

  • Pleasure

  • Oh wow Hollie, you look amazing! Rebecca well done this is fantastic

  • What a transformation. I absolutely love this look it's so ideal, the lace is great

  • Victoria loved lace, she even collected antique lace and she had some specially

  • commissioned Honiton lace from Devon for her wedding dress which she rewore again

  • and again throughout her life at various events. She was also known to wear lilac as well

  • so it's just you look like a young Victoria, it's perfect

  • It's such a stunning dress isn't it?

  • It really is! And the hair really is incredible these

  • flowers are amazing were they from?

  • The flowers I'm completely in love with

  • they're actually from the Osborne estate so we've had them fresh from the garden

  • because we know that Victoria really loved to wear flowers in her hair and

  • she loved to wear fresh flowers, especially while she was here at Osborne

  • Oh, how gorgeous!

  • There's some significant flowers from Osborne too

  • The Osborne myrtle which Princess Victoria, which was Queen Victoria's daughter

  • had in her wedding bouquet and then it's gone on to become

  • a bit royal tradition so Princess Diana had it in her wedding bouquet and so did

  • Catherine Middleton and then most lately Meghan Markle too

  • So it all started right here at Osborne?

  • It absolutely did!

  • How lovely!

  • How does it feel?

  • It just feels amazing. It's so elegant and the makeup is very subtle

  • and it's actually very close to how I like to wear my own makeup but

  • obviously with this beautiful gown and the flowers of my hair. I wish I could

  • have fresh flowers every day!

  • I know! I'm so jealous of this whole look. So I think

  • it's a lovely day outside, why don't we go outside and enjoy the gardens?

  • Holle looks so regal as our Queen Victoria and it's impossible to imagine

  • a prettier spot to have brought this look to life

  • You can learn more about Queen Victoria by visiting Osborne for yourself

  • Click on the screen now to start planning your trip

  • Could you pull off this look or is there another

  • historical period that's more fitting to your style? Let us know in the comments below

  • Until next time, I'm Amber Butchart, and thanks for joining me here at Osborne

Hi, I'm Fashion Historian Amber Butchart.

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