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  • Gibraltar is a small peninsula with an epic profile that lies at the south of Spain.

  • Just a 3-hour flight from London, it is a tiny slice of the British Empire with a heroic colonial history and 300 days of sunshine each year.

  • Although it covers less than three square miles, Gibraltar's strategic location has made it one of the most fought-over places in Europe.

  • For centuries, it has withstood political maneuvering, sieges, and battles, and today, with its red phone boxes, Union Jacks, and high street shops,

  • Gibraltar staunchly stands as a small pocket of England in the heart of the Mediterranean.

  • No matter where you go here, the Rock of Gibraltar looms large.

  • Take the cable car right to the top of this 1,400-foot high limestone ridge and enjoy the spectacular views; south, across the Strait of Gibraltar to the African coastline, and north to Spain.

  • According to legend, this is where Hercules separated Europe from Africa and the cliffs on each side were once known as the Pillars of Hercules.

  • If the Rock of Gibraltar is famous around the world, so are its residents, the Barbary Macaques that have lived here for centuries.

  • Visitors flock here to watch the antics of the only population of wild monkeys in Europe.

  • Be warned though, they can be a little light-fingered if they think there are treats to be enjoyed.

  • It is said that, as long as the monkeys remain on the rock, so will the British.

  • It's a legend, born during one of the longest sieges in history when the French and Spanish tried unsuccessfully to take Gibraltar by force during four bloody years in the 18th century.

  • The way locals tell it, at least one surprise attack during the siege was thwarted by the monkeys who alerted the night watch to the invaders with their commotion.

  • Take a tour through the great siege tunnels built during this time.

  • They remain one of the most impressive feats of military engineering and helped the English to a seemingly impossible victory.

  • Using only hand tools and gunpowder, 18 men dug this 82-foot tunnel in less than 5 weeks to provide access to the rock's north face.

  • From this position, they were able to fire onto enemy lines and hold off the invaders.

  • Discover more stories of battle and bravery with a tour of the Military Heritage Centre, a former artillery battery near the entrance to the tunnels.

  • Here, you'll find relics from the great siege, as well as a Memorial Chamber which pays tribute to all those who gave their lives in defense of Gibraltar over the centuries.

  • During the second world war, the Mediterranean became a main theatre of war, and Gibraltar again became a key target.

  • To withstand the attacks, almost all the civilians were evacuated and more than 30 more miles of tunnels were built, creating an underground city beneath the rock.

  • Hike to the Moorish Castle, a medieval fortification which is one of the most recognized features of the rock.

  • The Union Jack you'll see flying from the tower was first raised in 1704 and has flown proudly ever since.

  • A short walk downhill is St Michael's Cave, a network of limestone caves that has fascinated visitors since Roman times.

  • Carved by thousands of years of rainwater, this cave once believed to be bottomless, is open to visitors and is a dramatic backdrop for concerts, ballets, and theatre performances.

  • For another dramatic backdrop, visit the very southern tip of Gibraltar.

  • Here, you'll find the Europa Point Lighthouse with its classically British design, as well as the Ibrahim-Al-Ibrahim Mosque, one of the largest mosques in a non-Muslim country.

  • Gibraltar's cultural blend is truly unique and nowhere is this more evident than along Main Street.

  • Almost every building here was destroyed during the great siege and it has been rebuilt over the centuries, creating a streetscape like no other.

  • Stroll to the northern end to Grand Casemates Square and the Old Town which dates back to medieval times.

  • Once this was the site of hangings, but today, it is a thriving hub of pubs, bars, and restaurants and a great place to relax with a pint of lager.

  • From English pints to Spanish paella, historic battles to cheeky monkeys, Gibraltar's magic lies in its unexpected mix of the familiar and the exotic.

  • A small taste of England right in the heart of the Mediterranean.

Gibraltar is a small peninsula with an epic profile that lies at the south of Spain.

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(ジブラルタルのバカンス旅行ガイド|エクスペディア) ((Gibraltar Vacation Travel Guide | Expedia))

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    Eric Wang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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