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  • The theory of the Big Five personality traits claims that we can describe

  • ourselves with five main characteristics: open, conscientious, extravert, agreeable,

  • neurotic. Each of us varies in how much of each trait is shown in our

  • personality. In order to understand what each trait really means let's look at

  • these five characters and how they cope after they rank their boat and are

  • stranded on an island in the middle of the ocean. Open Odelia is excited and

  • interested in exploring this beautiful island. The exotic nature inspires her.

  • She has collected stones shells and blossoms to decorate the entrance of the

  • bamboo hut that she built for everyone. She feels this is an opportunity to

  • learn so many new things! Claire is conscientious. She is not

  • excited, she is concerned about the seriousness of the situation. She is glad

  • she saved the survival kit from their ship. As usual, she is prepared and starts

  • the crucial tasks right away. She feels that it is her duty to organize everyone

  • and make sure that they will start looking for the things they need for

  • survival: freshwater and food.

  • Extravert Emile is thrilled because they all survived! He feels a strong need to

  • talk and share his happiness. He gathers everyone to celebrate their survival and

  • to tell them about his plan to explore the island together! Agreeable Albert is

  • kind by nature and despite being tired and thirsty, his main concern is Nora. He

  • offers her a drink from his coconut. The others know that he usually agrees to

  • everything and are not shy to ask for his help. Nora is neurotic and easily

  • stressed. She has a total breakdown. She sits down on the beach and cries: how are

  • they ever going to get away from this island? To her the ocean around them

  • looks endless, nature looks dark and dangerous. She feels completely lost.

  • After eight weeks two ships appear on the horizon everyone gets excited, Emil

  • has the idea to make a fire. He calls the others to help. Claire immediately starts

  • to work, Albert brings more wood Odelia is

  • holding up her beautifully arranged SOS sign while Nora screams desperately for

  • help. Little do they know who is sailing on these ships... The first ship carries a

  • group of psychologists who have been traveling the oceans since the 1980s.

  • They are investigating the big five personality traits which is also known

  • as the five-factor or ocean model. The captain Lewis Goldberg coined the term

  • "big five". He is thrilled when he sees the five friends at the beach each one

  • matching exactly one trait: open, conscientious, extravert, agreeable, neurotic.

  • Though he decides not to stop the boat, as a scientist he prefers to watch

  • from afar. On the other ship are five pirates, all

  • possessing the exact opposite traits of our friends. Let's see if you can

  • recognize them? Pirate one is emotionally stable and very relaxed. When she sees

  • the survivors on the beach she says: we could help them! Pirate two immediately

  • gets angry with her. He is not listening to anyone and is not willing to change

  • his plans in order to help some strangers on an island! Pirate three thinks

  • this is a complex situation. He thinks that all possible outcomes need to be

  • considered. He feels the need to be alone and think. Pirate four doesn't care. He's

  • busy looking for the keys to his treasure chest which is lost again. The

  • captain is not open to any new experiences. He ends all discussions when

  • he says our boat won't stop! What do you think about the big five? Do you

  • recognize your own personality in some of the traits? Or do you think this

  • theory is flawed as we cannot describe an entire personality in five parameters?

  • If you watch this in class and you are not sure which traits you have, pick a

  • friend and describe each other. Many of us are bad at describing

  • ourselves, so an outside perspective is often helpful.

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The theory of the Big Five personality traits claims that we can describe


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B1 中級

ビッグファイブの性格特性 (The Big Five Personality Traits)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日