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  • A couple of years ago, in the main square of a small Turkish town,

  • this statue was taken down.

  • It's the statue of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

  • founder of the Turkish Republic

  • who transformed the country into a Western-looking secular state.

  • Islamic tradition is shattered, a man's image, Mustafa Kemal, is displayed in public,

  • he also orders all Turks to adopt Western style family names and is himself christened Ataturk, father of the Turks

  • But here it was

  • the father of the Turks being wheeled away to a lesser spot across town,

  • and all this in the birthplace of one man in particular

  • Announcer at rally shouting: "Recep Tayyip Erdogan"

  • The order to move the statue is a powerful symbol of the future

  • the new Turkey, the great Turkey, the pioneer Turkey has won."

  • This is the story of how Erdogan has consolidated power allowing him to recast Turkey in his own image

  • The most pivotal elections in modern Turkish history are taking place in June.

  • Erdogan currently holds the title of president.

  • And if he wins the vote, the once ceremonial position will become the nexus of political power.

  • Ahead of it, he has one major promise:

  • "Turkey will wake to a new era"

  • That's an expression that really begs for explanation.

  • Onur Ant reports for Bloomberg in the Turkish capital, Ankara

  • We have been hearing it for some many years now, but we don't really know what new Turkey is going to be like.

  • Erdogan could eventually hold power until 2028.

  • Signalling what some call stability and others a dictatorship.

  • It is amazing that there's very little that we know about him as a man,

  • despite the fact that he spent more than nearly three decades in Turkish politics.

  • Here's what we do know.

  • Erdogan's rise to power began in the 1990s when he was elected as the Mayor of Istanbul.

  • He quickly became known for his powerful speeches

  • We did this for the love of God. I swear we did it for love, really. That was our aim

  • But in 1999 he was sent to prison after reading a religious poem which broke Turkey's rules on secularism.

  • Erdogan thought about that time in jail as a period where he really put his thoughts together,

  • and that really contributed to the political persona he has turned into later.

  • Erdogan won a landslide victory in 2002 with his Justice and Development Party, or AKP.

  • As Prime Minister, he ushered in what appeared to be a Golden Age - building schools and roads,

  • introducing free healthcare

  • and beginning peace talks with the Kurdish minority based in the south-east of the country.

  • Erdogan also led an economic recovery which saw inflation drop and the average annual growth rate reach 5.8%.

  • He promised there will be no corruption, there will be no poverty, he was quite impressive.

  • Asli Kandemir is a finance reporter for Bloomberg based in Istanbul

  • and he pushed an Islamist agenda gradually, and slowly.

  • Certain changes like

  • his promotion of religious education, tighter laws on alcohol, and strictures on daily life,

  • created a divide between Turkey's religious classes and those who thought they undermined the country's secular foundations.

  • Things came to a head in 2013 when a group of environmentalists held a protest in the heart of Istanbul.

  • Seeing the protests as an extension of the Arab Spring movement, Erdogan cracked down hard.

  • It quickly turned out into a broader show of anger,

  • and the critics called Erdogan to resign.

  • But one of the biggest tests to Erdogan's leadership was yet to come

  • In July 2016 a faction of the Turkish military launched a coup, bombing Parliament and killing more than 250 people.

  • we saw F16s basically running over our heads, running just above our heads,

  • dropping bombs to places that are literally hundreds of meters away from our houses,

  • ground shaking beneath our feet.

  • It was unexpected, it was shocking a huge majority of the population felt really betrayed that night.

  • Erdogan appeared via Facetime urging people to take to the streets.

  • The call was answered.

  • In a country which had seen 4 successful military interventions since 1960, this one failed and Erdogan's popularity rating soared.

  • It was a dramatic time for the Turkish population and the president really emerged as the savior of democracy,

  • at least for a part of the population,

  • In the aftermath a state of emergency was declared,

  • allowing the government to rule while disregarding routine procedures.

  • The most important feature of the state of emergency is to defeat terrorist organisations, wherever they are hiding and bury them

  • Tens of thousands of Turks have been jailed and many have also lost their jobs

  • people from all walks of life, doctors, civil servants, people who painted the walls in the parliament.

  • Access to websites including Twitter, Facebook and YouTube has also been repeatedly blocked...

  • And today Turkey jails more journalists than anywhere else in the world.

  • This has attracted a lot of critics from the western governments,

  • from right groups and from civil society in turkey.

  • They've been saying that Erdoğan is using the state of emergency to target opposition figures.

  • As the elections approach a shrinking economy and currency crisis

  • have left Erdogan's “New Turkeyin the balance and the country's divide just keeps growing.

  • For his supporters, he's a reformist and a revolutionary leader who has changed the landscape of Turkey

  • but for his opponents, he's an autocratic leader who is trying to undermine the secular establishment of the country.

  • So as the statues of one Revolutionary are being taken down

  • his opponents fear that an autocrat's may be rising.

A couple of years ago, in the main square of a small Turkish town,


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B1 中級

トルコのグリップを強化するエルドガン (Erdogan Tightens His Grip on Turkey)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日