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BOOK NINTH. CHAPTER I.
Claude Frollo was no longer in Notre-Dame when his adopted son so abruptly cut the
fatal web in which the archdeacon and the gypsy were entangled.
On returning to the sacristy he had torn off his alb, cope, and stole, had flung all
into the hands of the stupefied beadle, had made his escape through the private door of
the cloister, had ordered a boatman of the
Terrain to transport him to the left bank of the Seine, and had plunged into the
hilly streets of the University, not knowing whither he was going, encountering
at every step groups of men and women who
were hurrying joyously towards the Pont Saint-Michel, in the hope of still arriving
in time to see the witch hung there,--pale, wild, more troubled, more blind and more
fierce than a night bird let loose and
pursued by a troop of children in broad daylight.
He no longer knew where he was, what he thought, or whether he were dreaming.
He went forward, walking, running, taking any street at haphazard, making no choice,
only urged ever onward away from the Greve, the horrible Greve, which he felt
confusedly, to be behind him.
In this manner he skirted Mount Sainte- Genevieve, and finally emerged from the
town by the Porte Saint-Victor.
He continued his flight as long as he could see, when he turned round, the turreted
enclosure of the University, and the rare houses of the suburb; but, when, at length,
a rise of ground had completely concealed
from him that odious Paris, when he could believe himself to be a hundred leagues
distant from it, in the fields, in the desert, he halted, and it seemed to him
that he breathed more freely.
Then frightful ideas thronged his mind. Once more he could see clearly into his
soul, and he shuddered. He thought of that unhappy girl who had
destroyed him, and whom he had destroyed.
He cast a haggard eye over the double, tortuous way which fate had caused their
two destinies to pursue up to their point of intersection, where it had dashed them
against each other without mercy.
He meditated on the folly of eternal vows, on the vanity of chastity, of science, of
religion, of virtue, on the uselessness of God.
He plunged to his heart's content in evil thoughts, and in proportion as he sank
deeper, he felt a Satanic laugh burst forth within him.
And as he thus sifted his soul to the bottom, when he perceived how large a space
nature had prepared there for the passions, he sneered still more bitterly.
He stirred up in the depths of his heart all his hatred, all his malevolence; and,
with the cold glance of a physician who examines a patient, he recognized the fact
that this malevolence was nothing but
vitiated love; that love, that source of every virtue in man, turned to horrible
things in the heart of a priest, and that a man constituted like himself, in making
himself a priest, made himself a demon.
Then he laughed frightfully, and suddenly became pale again, when he considered the
most sinister side of his fatal passion, of that corrosive, venomous malignant,
implacable love, which had ended only in
the gibbet for one of them and in hell for the other; condemnation for her, damnation
And then his laughter came again, when he reflected that Phoebus was alive; that
after all, the captain lived, was gay and happy, had handsomer doublets than ever,
and a new mistress whom he was conducting to see the old one hanged.
His sneer redoubled its bitterness when he reflected that out of the living beings
whose death he had desired, the gypsy, the only creature whom he did not hate, was the
only one who had not escaped him.
Then from the captain, his thought passed to the people, and there came to him a
jealousy of an unprecedented sort.
He reflected that the people also, the entire populace, had had before their eyes
the woman whom he loved exposed almost naked.
He writhed his arms with agony as he thought that the woman whose form, caught
by him alone in the darkness would have been supreme happiness, had been delivered
up in broad daylight at full noonday, to a
whole people, clad as for a night of voluptuousness.
He wept with rage over all these mysteries of love, profaned, soiled, laid bare,
He wept with rage as he pictured to himself how many impure looks had been gratified at
the sight of that badly fastened shift, and that this beautiful girl, this virgin lily,
this cup of modesty and delight, to which
he would have dared to place his lips only trembling, had just been transformed into a
sort of public bowl, whereat the vilest populace of Paris, thieves, beggars,
lackeys, had come to quaff in common an audacious, impure, and depraved pleasure.
And when he sought to picture to himself the happiness which he might have found
upon earth, if she had not been a gypsy, and if he had not been a priest, if Phoebus
had not existed and if she had loved him;
when he pictured to himself that a life of serenity and love would have been possible
to him also, even to him; that there were at that very moment, here and there upon
the earth, happy couples spending the hours
in sweet converse beneath orange trees, on the banks of brooks, in the presence of a
setting sun, of a starry night; and that if God had so willed, he might have formed
with her one of those blessed couples,--his heart melted in tenderness and despair.
Oh! she! still she!
It was this fixed idea which returned incessantly, which tortured him, which ate
into his brain, and rent his vitals.
He did not regret, he did not repent; all that he had done he was ready to do again;
he preferred to behold her in the hands of the executioner rather than in the arms of
But he suffered; he suffered so that at intervals he tore out handfuls of his hair
to see whether it were not turning white.
Among other moments there came one, when it occurred to him that it was perhaps the
very minute when the hideous chain which he had seen that morning, was pressing its
iron noose closer about that frail and graceful neck.
This thought caused the perspiration to start from every pore.
There was another moment when, while laughing diabolically at himself, he
represented to himself la Esmeralda as he had seen her on that first day, lively,
careless, joyous, gayly attired, dancing,
winged, harmonious, and la Esmeralda of the last day, in her scanty shift, with a rope
about her neck, mounting slowly with her bare feet, the angular ladder of the
gallows; he figured to himself this double
picture in such a manner that he gave vent to a terrible cry.
While this hurricane of despair overturned, broke, tore up, bent, uprooted everything
in his soul, he gazed at nature around him.
At his feet, some chickens were searching the thickets and pecking, enamelled beetles
ran about in the sun; overhead, some groups of dappled gray clouds were floating across
the blue sky; on the horizon, the spire of
the Abbey Saint-Victor pierced the ridge of the hill with its slate obelisk; and the
miller of the Copeaue hillock was whistling as he watched the laborious wings of his
All this active, organized, tranquil life, recurring around him under a thousand
forms, hurt him. He resumed his flight.
He sped thus across the fields until evening.
This flight from nature, life, himself, man, God, everything, lasted all day long.
Sometimes he flung himself face downward on the earth, and tore up the young blades of
wheat with his nails.
Sometimes he halted in the deserted street of a village, and his thoughts were so
intolerable that he grasped his head in both hands and tried to tear it from his
shoulders in order to dash it upon the pavement.
Towards the hour of sunset, he examined himself again, and found himself nearly
The tempest which had raged within him ever since the instant when he had lost the hope
and the will to save the gypsy,--that tempest had not left in his conscience a
single healthy idea, a single thought which maintained its upright position.
His reason lay there almost entirely destroyed.
There remained but two distinct images in his mind, la Esmeralda and the gallows; all
the rest was blank.
Those two images united, presented to him a frightful group; and the more he
concentrated what attention and thought was left to him, the more he beheld them grow,
in accordance with a fantastic progression,
the one in grace, in charm, in beauty, in light, the other in deformity and horror;
so that at last la Esmeralda appeared to him like a star, the gibbet like an
enormous, fleshless arm.
One remarkable fact is, that during the whole of this torture, the idea of dying
did not seriously occur to him. The wretch was made so.
He clung to life.
Perhaps he really saw hell beyond it. Meanwhile, the day continued to decline.
The living being which still existed in him reflected vaguely on retracing its steps.
He believed himself to be far away from Paris; on taking his bearings, he perceived
that he had only circled the enclosure of the University.
The spire of Saint-Sulpice, and the three lofty needles of Saint Germain-des-Pres,
rose above the horizon on his right. He turned his steps in that direction.
When he heard the brisk challenge of the men-at-arms of the abbey, around the
crenelated, circumscribing wall of Saint- Germain, he turned aside, took a path which
presented itself between the abbey and the
lazar-house of the bourg, and at the expiration of a few minutes found himself
on the verge of the Pre-aux-Clercs.
This meadow was celebrated by reason of the brawls which went on there night and day;
it was the hydra of the poor monks of Saint-Germain: quod mouachis Sancti-
Germaini pratensis hydra fuit, clericis
nova semper dissidiorum capita suscitantibus.
The archdeacon was afraid of meeting some one there; he feared every human
countenance; he had just avoided the University and the Bourg Saint-Germain; he
wished to re-enter the streets as late as possible.
He skirted the Pre-aux-Clercs, took the deserted path which separated it from the
Dieu-Neuf, and at last reached the water's edge.
There Dom Claude found a boatman, who, for a few farthings in Parisian coinage, rowed
him up the Seine as far as the point of the city, and landed him on that tongue of
abandoned land where the reader has already
beheld Gringoire dreaming, and which was prolonged beyond the king's gardens,
parallel to the Ile du Passeur-aux-Vaches.
The monotonous rocking of the boat and the ripple of the water had, in some sort,
quieted the unhappy Claude.
When the boatman had taken his departure, he remained standing stupidly on the
strand, staring straight before him and perceiving objects only through magnifying
oscillations which rendered everything a sort of phantasmagoria to him.
The fatigue of a great grief not infrequently produces this effect on the
The sun had set behind the lofty Tour-de- Nesle.
It was the twilight hour. The sky was white, the water of the river
Between these two white expanses, the left bank of the Seine, on which his eyes were
fixed, projected its gloomy mass and, rendered ever thinner and thinner by
perspective, it plunged into the gloom of the horizon like a black spire.
It was loaded with houses, of which only the obscure outline could be distinguished,
sharply brought out in shadows against the light background of the sky and the water.
Here and there windows began to gleam, like the holes in a brazier.
That immense black obelisk thus isolated between the two white expanses of the sky
and the river, which was very broad at this point, produced upon Dom Claude a singular
effect, comparable to that which would be
experienced by a man who, reclining on his back at the foot of the tower of Strasburg,
should gaze at the enormous spire plunging into the shadows of the twilight above his
Only, in this case, it was Claude who was erect and the obelisk which was lying down;
but, as the river, reflecting the sky, prolonged the abyss below him, the immense
promontory seemed to be as boldly launched
into space as any cathedral spire; and the impression was the same.
This impression had even one stronger and more profound point about it, that it was
indeed the tower of Strasbourg, but the tower of Strasbourg two leagues in height;
something unheard of, gigantic,
immeasurable; an edifice such as no human eye has ever seen; a tower of Babel.
The chimneys of the houses, the battlements of the walls, the faceted gables of the
roofs, the spire of the Augustines, the tower of Nesle, all these projections which
broke the profile of the colossal obelisk
added to the illusion by displaying in eccentric fashion to the eye the
indentations of a luxuriant and fantastic sculpture.
Claude, in the state of hallucination in which he found himself, believed that he
saw, that he saw with his actual eyes, the bell tower of hell; the thousand lights
scattered over the whole height of the
terrible tower seemed to him so many porches of the immense interior furnace;
the voices and noises which escaped from it seemed so many shrieks, so many death
Then he became alarmed, he put his hands on his ears that he might no longer hear,
turned his back that he might no longer see, and fled from the frightful vision
with hasty strides.
But the vision was in himself.
When he re-entered the streets, the passers-by elbowing each other by the light
of the shop-fronts, produced upon him the effect of a constant going and coming of
spectres about him.
There were strange noises in his ears; extraordinary fancies disturbed his brain.
He saw neither houses, nor pavements, nor chariots, nor men and women, but a chaos of
indeterminate objects whose edges melted into each other.
At the corner of the Rue de la Barillerie, there was a grocer's shop whose porch was
garnished all about, according to immemorial custom, with hoops of tin from
which hung a circle of wooden candles,
which came in contact with each other in the wind, and rattled like castanets.
He thought he heard a cluster of skeletons at Montfaucon clashing together in the
"Oh!" he muttered, "the night breeze dashes them against each other, and mingles the
noise of their chains with the rattle of their bones!
Perhaps she is there among them!"
In his state of frenzy, he knew not whither he was going.
After a few strides he found himself on the Pont Saint-Michel.
There was a light in the window of a ground-floor room; he approached.
Through a cracked window he beheld a mean chamber which recalled some confused memory
to his mind.
In that room, badly lighted by a meagre lamp, there was a fresh, light-haired young
man, with a merry face, who amid loud bursts of laughter was embracing a very
audaciously attired young girl; and near
the lamp sat an old crone spinning and singing in a quavering voice.
As the young man did not laugh constantly, fragments of the old woman's ditty reached
the priest; it was something unintelligible yet frightful,--
"Greve, aboie, Greve, grouille! File, file, ma quenouille,
File sa corde au bourreau, Qui siffle dans le pre au,
Greve, aboie, Greve, grouille!
"La belle corde de chanvre! Semez d'Issy jusqu'a Vanvre
Du chanvre et non pas du bleu. Le voleur n'a pas vole
La belle corde de chanvre.
"Greve, grouille, Greve, aboie! Pour voir la fille de joie,
Prendre au gibet chassieux, Les fenetres sont des yeux.
Greve, grouille, Greve, aboie!"*
* Bark, Greve, grumble, Greve! Spin, spin, my distaff, spin her rope for
the hangman, who is whistling in the meadow.
What a beautiful hempen rope! Sow hemp, not wheat, from Issy to Vanvre.
The thief hath not stolen the beautiful hempen rope.
Grumble, Greve, bark, Greve! To see the dissolute wench hang on the
blear-eyed gibbet, windows are eyes.
Thereupon the young man laughed and caressed the wench.
The crone was la Falourdel; the girl was a courtesan; the young man was his brother
He continued to gaze. That spectacle was as good as any other.
He saw Jehan go to a window at the end of the room, open it, cast a glance on the
quay, where in the distance blazed a thousand lighted casements, and he heard
him say as he closed the sash,--
"'Pon my soul! How dark it is; the people are lighting
their candles, and the good God his stars." Then Jehan came back to the hag, smashed a
bottle standing on the table, exclaiming,--
"Already empty, cor-boeuf! and I have no more money!
Isabeau, my dear, I shall not be satisfied with Jupiter until he has changed your two
white nipples into two black bottles, where I may suck wine of Beaune day and night."
This fine pleasantry made the courtesan laugh, and Jehan left the room.
Dom Claude had barely time to fling himself on the ground in order that he might not be
met, stared in the face and recognized by his brother.
Luckily, the street was dark, and the scholar was tipsy.
Nevertheless, he caught sight of the archdeacon prone upon the earth in the mud.
"Oh! oh!" said he; "here's a fellow who has been leading a jolly life, to-day."
He stirred up Dom Claude with his foot, and the latter held his breath.
"Dead drunk," resumed Jehan.
"Come, he's full. A regular leech detached from a hogshead.
He's bald," he added, bending down, "'tis an old man!
Then Dom Claude heard him retreat, saying,- -
"'Tis all the same, reason is a fine thing, and my brother the archdeacon is very happy
in that he is wise and has money."
Then the archdeacon rose to his feet, and ran without halting, towards Notre-Dame,
whose enormous towers he beheld rising above the houses through the gloom.
At the instant when he arrived, panting, on the Place du Parvis, he shrank back and
dared not raise his eyes to the fatal edifice.
"Oh!" he said, in a low voice, "is it really true that such a thing took place
here, to-day, this very morning?" Still, he ventured to glance at the church.
The front was sombre; the sky behind was glittering with stars.
The crescent of the moon, in her flight upward from the horizon, had paused at the
moment, on the summit of the light hand tower, and seemed to have perched itself,
like a luminous bird, on the edge of the balustrade, cut out in black trefoils.
The cloister door was shut; but the archdeacon always carried with him the key
of the tower in which his laboratory was situated.
He made use of it to enter the church.
In the church he found the gloom and silence of a cavern.
By the deep shadows which fell in broad sheets from all directions, he recognized
the fact that the hangings for the ceremony of the morning had not yet been removed.
The great silver cross shone from the depths of the gloom, powdered with some
sparkling points, like the milky way of that sepulchral night.
The long windows of the choir showed the upper extremities of their arches above the
black draperies, and their painted panes, traversed by a ray of moonlight had no
longer any hues but the doubtful colors of
night, a sort of violet, white and blue, whose tint is found only on the faces of
The archdeacon, on perceiving these wan spots all around the choir, thought he
beheld the mitres of damned bishops.
He shut his eyes, and when he opened them again, he thought they were a circle of
pale visages gazing at him. He started to flee across the church.
Then it seemed to him that the church also was shaking, moving, becoming endued with
animation, that it was alive; that each of the great columns was turning into an
enormous paw, which was beating the earth
with its big stone spatula, and that the gigantic cathedral was no longer anything
but a sort of prodigious elephant, which was breathing and marching with its pillars
for feet, its two towers for trunks and the immense black cloth for its housings.
This fever or madness had reached such a degree of intensity that the external world
was no longer anything more for the unhappy man than a sort of Apocalypse,--visible,
For one moment, he was relieved. As he plunged into the side aisles, he
perceived a reddish light behind a cluster of pillars.
He ran towards it as to a star.
It was the poor lamp which lighted the public breviary of Notre-Dame night and
day, beneath its iron grating.
He flung himself eagerly upon the holy book in the hope of finding some consolation, or
some encouragement there. The hook lay open at this passage of Job,
over which his staring eye glanced,--
"And a spirit passed before my face, and I heard a small voice, and the hair of my
flesh stood up."
On reading these gloomy words, he felt that which a blind man feels when he feels
himself pricked by the staff which he has picked up.
His knees gave way beneath him, and he sank upon the pavement, thinking of her who had
died that day.
He felt so many monstrous vapors pass and discharge themselves in his brain, that it
seemed to him that his head had become one of the chimneys of hell.
It would appear that he remained a long time in this attitude, no longer thinking,
overwhelmed and passive beneath the hand of the demon.
At length some strength returned to him; it occurred to him to take refuge in his tower
beside his faithful Quasimodo. He rose; and, as he was afraid, he took the
lamp from the breviary to light his way.
It was a sacrilege; but he had got beyond heeding such a trifle now.
He slowly climbed the stairs of the towers, filled with a secret fright which must have
been communicated to the rare passers-by in the Place du Parvis by the mysterious light
of his lamp, mounting so late from loophole to loophole of the bell tower.
All at once, he felt a freshness on his face, and found himself at the door of the
The air was cold; the sky was filled with hurrying clouds, whose large, white flakes
drifted one upon another like the breaking up of river ice after the winter.
The crescent of the moon, stranded in the midst of the clouds, seemed a celestial
vessel caught in the ice-cakes of the air.
He lowered his gaze, and contemplated for a moment, through the railing of slender
columns which unites the two towers, far away, through a gauze of mists and smoke,
the silent throng of the roofs of Paris,
pointed, innumerable, crowded and small like the waves of a tranquil sea on a sum-
mer night. The moon cast a feeble ray, which imparted
to earth and heaven an ashy hue.
At that moment the clock raised its shrill, cracked voice.
Midnight rang out. The priest thought of midday; twelve
o'clock had come back again.
"Oh!" he said in a very low tone, "she must be cold now."
All at once, a gust of wind extinguished his lamp, and almost at the same instant,
he beheld a shade, a whiteness, a form, a woman, appear from the opposite angle of
He started. Beside this woman was a little goat, which
mingled its bleat with the last bleat of the clock.
He had strength enough to look.
It was she. She was pale, she was gloomy.
Her hair fell over her shoulders as in the morning; but there was no longer a rope on
her neck, her hands were no longer bound; she was free, she was dead.
She was dressed in white and had a white veil on her head.
She came towards him, slowly, with her gaze fixed on the sky.
The supernatural goat followed her.
He felt as though made of stone and too heavy to flee.
At every step which she took in advance, he took one backwards, and that was all.
In this way he retreated once more beneath the gloomy arch of the stairway.
He was chilled by the thought that she might enter there also; had she done so, he
would have died of terror.
She did arrive, in fact, in front of the door to the stairway, and paused there for
several minutes, stared intently into the darkness, but without appearing to see the
priest, and passed on.
She seemed taller to him than when she had been alive; he saw the moon through her
white robe; he heard her breath.
When she had passed on, he began to descend the staircase again, with the slowness
which he had observed in the spectre, believing himself to be a spectre too,
haggard, with hair on end, his extinguished
lamp still in his hand; and as he descended the spiral steps, he distinctly heard in
his ear a voice laughing and repeating,--
"A spirit passed before my face, and I heard a small voice, and the hair of my
flesh stood up."
-BOOK NINTH. CHAPTER II.
HUNCHBACKED, ONE EYED, LAME.
Every city during the Middle Ages, and every city in France down to the time of
Louis XII. had its places of asylum.
These sanctuaries, in the midst of the deluge of penal and barbarous jurisdictions
which inundated the city, were a species of islands which rose above the level of human
Every criminal who landed there was safe. There were in every suburb almost as many
places of asylum as gallows.
It was the abuse of impunity by the side of the abuse of punishment; two bad things
which strove to correct each other.
The palaces of the king, the hotels of the princes, and especially churches, possessed
the right of asylum.
Sometimes a whole city which stood in need of being repeopled was temporarily created
a place of refuge. Louis XI. made all Paris a refuge in 1467.
His foot once within the asylum, the criminal was sacred; but he must beware of
leaving it; one step outside the sanctuary, and he fell back into the flood.
The wheel, the gibbet, the strappado, kept good guard around the place of refuge, and
lay in watch incessantly for their prey, like sharks around a vessel.
Hence, condemned men were to be seen whose hair had grown white in a cloister, on the
steps of a palace, in the enclosure of an abbey, beneath the porch of a church; in
this manner the asylum was a prison as much as any other.
It sometimes happened that a solemn decree of parliament violated the asylum and
restored the condemned man to the executioner; but this was of rare
Parliaments were afraid of the bishops, and when there was friction between these two
robes, the gown had but a poor chance against the cassock.
Sometimes, however, as in the affair of the assassins of Petit-Jean, the headsman of
Paris, and in that of Emery Rousseau, the murderer of Jean Valleret, justice
overleaped the church and passed on to the
execution of its sentences; but unless by virtue of a decree of Parliament, woe to
him who violated a place of asylum with armed force!
The reader knows the manner of death of Robert de Clermont, Marshal of France, and
of Jean de Chalons, Marshal of Champagne; and yet the question was only of a certain
Perrin Marc, the clerk of a money-changer,
a miserable assassin; but the two marshals had broken the doors of St. Mery.
Therein lay the enormity.
Such respect was cherished for places of refuge that, according to tradition,
animals even felt it at times.
Aymoire relates that a stag, being chased by Dagobert, having taken refuge near the
tomb of Saint-Denis, the pack of hounds stopped short and barked.
Churches generally had a small apartment prepared for the reception of supplicants.
In 1407, Nicolas Flamel caused to be built on the vaults of Saint-Jacques de la
Boucherie, a chamber which cost him four livres six sous, sixteen farthings,
At Notre-Dame it was a tiny cell situated on the roof of the side aisle, beneath the
flying buttresses, precisely at the spot where the wife of the present janitor of
the towers has made for herself a garden,
which is to the hanging gardens of Babylon what a lettuce is to a palm-tree, what a
porter's wife is to a Semiramis.
It was here that Quasimodo had deposited la Esmeralda, after his wild and triumphant
As long as that course lasted, the young girl had been unable to recover her senses,
half unconscious, half awake, no longer feeling anything, except that she was
mounting through the air, floating in it,
flying in it, that something was raising her above the earth.
From time to time she heard the loud laughter, the noisy voice of Quasimodo in
her ear; she half opened her eyes; then below her she confusedly beheld Paris
checkered with its thousand roofs of slate
and tiles, like a red and blue mosaic, above her head the frightful and joyous
face of Quasimodo.
Then her eyelids drooped again; she thought that all was over, that they had executed
her during her swoon, and that the misshapen spirit which had presided over
her destiny, had laid hold of her and was bearing her away.
She dared not look at him, and she surrendered herself to her fate.
But when the bellringer, dishevelled and panting, had deposited her in the cell of
refuge, when she felt his huge hands gently detaching the cord which bruised her arms,
she felt that sort of shock which awakens
with a start the passengers of a vessel which runs aground in the middle of a dark
night. Her thoughts awoke also, and returned to
her one by one.
She saw that she was in Notre-Dame; she remembered having been torn from the hands
of the executioner; that Phoebus was alive, that Phoebus loved her no longer; and as
these two ideas, one of which shed so much
bitterness over the other, presented themselves simultaneously to the poor
condemned girl; she turned to Quasimodo, who was standing in front of her, and who
terrified her; she said to him,--"Why have you saved me?"
He gazed at her with anxiety, as though seeking to divine what she was saying to
She repeated her question. Then he gave her a profoundly sorrowful
glance and fled. She was astonished.
A few moments later he returned, bearing a package which he cast at her feet.
It was clothing which some charitable women had left on the threshold of the church for
Then she dropped her eyes upon herself and saw that she was almost naked, and blushed.
Life had returned. Quasimodo appeared to experience something
of this modesty.
He covered his eyes with his large hand and retired once more, but slowly.
She made haste to dress herself.
The robe was a white one with a white veil,--the garb of a novice of the Hotel-
Dien. She had barely finished when she beheld
He carried a basket under one arm and a mattress under the other.
In the basket there was a bottle, bread, and some provisions.
He set the basket on the floor and said, "Eat!"
He spread the mattress on the flagging and said, "Sleep."
It was his own repast, it was his own bed, which the bellringer had gone in search of.
The gypsy raised her eyes to thank him, but she could not articulate a word.
She dropped her head with a quiver of terror.
Then he said to her.-- "I frighten you.
I am very ugly, am I not?
Do not look at me; only listen to me. During the day you will remain here; at
night you can walk all over the church. But do not leave the church either by day
or by night.
You would be lost. They would kill you, and I should die."
She was touched and raised her head to answer him.
He had disappeared.
She found herself alone once more, meditating upon the singular words of this
almost monstrous being, and struck by the sound of his voice, which was so hoarse yet
Then she examined her cell. It was a chamber about six feet square,
with a small window and a door on the slightly sloping plane of the roof formed
of flat stones.
Many gutters with the figures of animals seemed to be bending down around her, and
stretching their necks in order to stare at her through the window.
Over the edge of her roof she perceived the tops of thousands of chimneys which caused
the smoke of all the fires in Paris to rise beneath her eyes.
A sad sight for the poor gypsy, a foundling, condemned to death, an unhappy
creature, without country, without family, without a hearthstone.
At the moment when the thought of her isolation thus appeared to her more
poignant than ever, she felt a bearded and hairy head glide between her hands, upon
She started (everything alarmed her now) and looked.
It was the poor goat, the agile Djali, which had made its escape after her, at the
moment when Quasimodo had put to flight Charmolue's brigade, and which had been
lavishing caresses on her feet for nearly
an hour past, without being able to win a glance.
The gypsy covered him with kisses. "Oh! Djali!" she said, "how I have
And so thou still thinkest of me! Oh! thou art not an ingrate!"
At the same time, as though an invisible hand had lifted the weight which had
repressed her tears in her heart for so long, she began to weep, and, in proportion
as her tears flowed, she felt all that was
most acrid and bitter in her grief depart with them.
Evening came, she thought the night so beautiful that she made the circuit of the
elevated gallery which surrounds the church.
It afforded her some relief, so calm did the earth appear when viewed from that
-BOOK NINTH. CHAPTER III.
On the following morning, she perceived on awaking, that she had been asleep.
This singular thing astonished her. She had been so long unaccustomed to sleep!
A joyous ray of the rising sun entered through her window and touched her face.
At the same time with the sun, she beheld at that window an object which frightened
her, the unfortunate face of Quasimodo.
She involuntarily closed her eyes again, but in vain; she fancied that she still saw
through the rosy lids that gnome's mask, one-eyed and gap-toothed.
Then, while she still kept her eyes closed, she heard a rough voice saying, very
gently,-- "Be not afraid.
I am your friend.
I came to watch you sleep. It does not hurt you if I come to see you
sleep, does it? What difference does it make to you if I am
here when your eyes are closed!
Now I am going. Stay, I have placed myself behind the wall.
You can open your eyes again."
There was something more plaintive than these words, and that was the accent in
which they were uttered. The gypsy, much touched, opened her eyes.
He was, in fact, no longer at the window.
She approached the opening, and beheld the poor hunchback crouching in an angle of the
wall, in a sad and resigned attitude. She made an effort to surmount the
repugnance with which he inspired her.
"Come," she said to him gently.
From the movement of the gypsy's lips, Quasimodo thought that she was driving him
away; then he rose and retired limping, slowly, with drooping head, without even
daring to raise to the young girl his gaze full of despair.
"Do come," she cried, but he continued to retreat.
Then she darted from her cell, ran to him, and grasped his arm.
On feeling her touch him, Quasimodo trembled in every limb.
He raised his suppliant eye, and seeing that she was leading him back to her
quarters, his whole face beamed with joy and tenderness.
She tried to make him enter the cell; but he persisted in remaining on the threshold.
"No, no," said he; "the owl enters not the nest of the lark."
Then she crouched down gracefully on her couch, with her goat asleep at her feet.
Both remained motionless for several moments, considering in silence, she so
much grace, he so much ugliness.
Every moment she discovered some fresh deformity in Quasimodo.
Her glance travelled from his knock knees to his humped back, from his humped back to
his only eye.
She could not comprehend the existence of a being so awkwardly fashioned.
Yet there was so much sadness and so much gentleness spread over all this, that she
began to become reconciled to it.
He was the first to break the silence. "So you were telling me to return?"
She made an affirmative sign of the head, and said, "Yes."
He understood the motion of the head.
"Alas!" he said, as though hesitating whether to finish, "I am--I am deaf."
"Poor man!" exclaimed the Bohemian, with an expression of kindly pity.
He began to smile sadly.
"You think that that was all that I lacked, do you not?
Yes, I am deaf, that is the way I am made. 'Tis horrible, is it not?
You are so beautiful!"
There lay in the accents of the wretched man so profound a consciousness of his
misery, that she had not the strength to say a word.
Besides, he would not have heard her.
He went on,-- "Never have I seen my ugliness as at the
When I compare myself to you, I feel a very great pity for myself, poor unhappy monster
that I am! Tell me, I must look to you like a beast.
You, you are a ray of sunshine, a drop of dew, the song of a bird!
I am something frightful, neither man nor animal, I know not what, harder, more
trampled under foot, and more unshapely than a pebble stone!"
Then he began to laugh, and that laugh was the most heartbreaking thing in the world.
He continued,-- "Yes, I am deaf; but you shall talk to me
by gestures, by signs.
I have a master who talks with me in that way.
And then, I shall very soon know your wish from the movement of your lips, from your
"Well!" she interposed with a smile, "tell me why you saved me."
He watched her attentively while she was speaking.
"I understand," he replied.
"You ask me why I saved you. You have forgotten a wretch who tried to
abduct you one night, a wretch to whom you rendered succor on the following day on
their infamous pillory.
A drop of water and a little pity,--that is more than I can repay with my life.
You have forgotten that wretch; but he remembers it."
She listened to him with profound tenderness.
A tear swam in the eye of the bellringer, but did not fall.
He seemed to make it a sort of point of honor to retain it.
"Listen," he resumed, when he was no longer afraid that the tear would escape; "our
towers here are very high, a man who should fall from them would be dead before
touching the pavement; when it shall please
you to have me fall, you will not have to utter even a word, a glance will suffice."
Then he rose. Unhappy as was the Bohemian, this eccentric
being still aroused some compassion in her.
She made him a sign to remain. "No, no," said he; "I must not remain too
long. I am not at my ease.
It is out of pity that you do not turn away your eyes.
I shall go to some place where I can see you without your seeing me: it will be
He drew from his pocket a little metal whistle.
"Here," said he, "when you have need of me, when you wish me to come, when you will not
feel too ranch horror at the sight of me, use this whistle.
I can hear this sound."
He laid the whistle on the floor and fled.
-BOOK NINTH. CHAPTER IV.
EARTHENWARE AND CRYSTAL.
Day followed day. Calm gradually returned to the soul of la
Esmeralda. Excess of grief, like excess of joy is a
violent thing which lasts but a short time.
The heart of man cannot remain long in one extremity.
The gypsy had suffered so much, that nothing was left her but astonishment.
With security, hope had returned to her.
She was outside the pale of society, outside the pale of life, but she had a
vague feeling that it might not be impossible to return to it.
She was like a dead person, who should hold in reserve the key to her tomb.
She felt the terrible images which had so long persecuted her, gradually departing.
All the hideous phantoms, Pierrat Torterue, Jacques Charmolue, were effaced from her
mind, all, even the priest. And then, Phoebus was alive; she was sure
of it, she had seen him.
To her the fact of Phoebus being alive was everything.
After the series of fatal shocks which had overturned everything within her, she had
found but one thing intact in her soul, one sentiment,--her love for the captain.
Love is like a tree; it sprouts forth of itself, sends its roots out deeply through
our whole being, and often continues to flourish greenly over a heart in ruins.
And the inexplicable point about it is that the more blind is this passion, the more
tenacious it is. It is never more solid than when it has no
reason in it.
La Esmeralda did not think of the captain without bitterness, no doubt.
No doubt it was terrible that he also should have been deceived; that he should
have believed that impossible thing, that he could have conceived of a stab dealt by
her who would have given a thousand lives for him.
But, after all, she must not be too angry with him for it; had she not confessed her
crime? had she not yielded, weak woman that she was, to torture?
The fault was entirely hers.
She should have allowed her finger nails to be torn out rather than such a word to be
wrenched from her.
In short, if she could but see Phoebus once more, for a single minute, only one word
would be required, one look, in order to undeceive him, to bring him back.
She did not doubt it.
She was astonished also at many singular things, at the accident of Phoebus's
presence on the day of the penance, at the young girl with whom he had been.
She was his sister, no doubt.
An unreasonable explanation, but she contented herself with it, because she
needed to believe that Phoebus still loved her, and loved her alone.
Had he not sworn it to her?
What more was needed, simple and credulous as she was?
And then, in this matter, were not appearances much more against her than
Accordingly, she waited. She hoped.
Let us add that the church, that vast church, which surrounded her on every side,
which guarded her, which saved her, was itself a sovereign tranquillizer.
The solemn lines of that architecture, the religious attitude of all the objects which
surrounded the young girl, the serene and pious thoughts which emanated, so to speak,
from all the pores of that stone, acted upon her without her being aware of it.
The edifice had also sounds fraught with such benediction and such majesty, that
they soothed this ailing soul.
The monotonous chanting of the celebrants, the responses of the people to the priest,
sometimes inarticulate, sometimes thunderous, the harmonious trembling of the
painted windows, the organ, bursting forth
like a hundred trumpets, the three belfries, humming like hives of huge bees,
that whole orchestra on which bounded a gigantic scale, ascending, descending
incessantly from the voice of a throng to
that of one bell, dulled her memory, her imagination, her grief.
The bells, in particular, lulled her.
It was something like a powerful magnetism which those vast instruments shed over her
in great waves. Thus every sunrise found her more calm,
breathing better, less pale.
In proportion as her inward wounds closed, her grace and beauty blossomed once more on
her countenance, but more thoughtful, more reposeful.
Her former character also returned to her, somewhat even of her gayety, her pretty
pout, her love for her goat, her love for singing, her modesty.
She took care to dress herself in the morning in the corner of her cell for fear
some inhabitants of the neighboring attics might see her through the window.
When the thought of Phoebus left her time, the gypsy sometimes thought of Quasimodo.
He was the sole bond, the sole connection, the sole communication which remained to
her with men, with the living.
Unfortunate girl! she was more outside the world than Quasimodo.
She understood not in the least the strange friend whom chance had given her.
She often reproached herself for not feeling a gratitude which should close her
eyes, but decidedly, she could not accustom herself to the poor bellringer.
He was too ugly.
She had left the whistle which he had given her lying on the ground.
This did not prevent Quasimodo from making his appearance from time to time during the
first few days.
She did her best not to turn aside with too much repugnance when he came to bring her
her basket of provisions or her jug of water, but he always perceived the
slightest movement of this sort, and then he withdrew sadly.
Once he came at the moment when she was caressing Djali.
He stood pensively for several minutes before this graceful group of the goat and
the gypsy; at last he said, shaking his heavy and ill-formed head,--
"My misfortune is that I still resemble a man too much.
I should like to be wholly a beast like that goat."
She gazed at him in amazement.
He replied to the glance,-- "Oh! I well know why," and he went away.
On another occasion he presented himself at the door of the cell (which he never
entered) at the moment when la Esmeralda was singing an old Spanish ballad, the
words of which she did not understand, but
which had lingered in her ear because the gypsy women had lulled her to sleep with it
when she was a little child.
At the sight of that villanous form which made its appearance so abruptly in the
middle of her song, the young girl paused with an involuntary gesture of alarm.
The unhappy bellringer fell upon his knees on the threshold, and clasped his large,
misshapen hands with a suppliant air. "Oh!" he said, sorrowfully, "continue, I
implore you, and do not drive me away."
She did not wish to pain him, and resumed her lay, trembling all over.
By degrees, however, her terror disappeared, and she yielded herself wholly
to the slow and melancholy air which she was singing.
He remained on his knees with hands clasped, as in prayer, attentive, hardly
breathing, his gaze riveted upon the gypsy's brilliant eyes.
On another occasion, he came to her with an awkward and timid air.
"Listen," he said, with an effort; "I have something to say to you."
She made him a sign that she was listening.
Then he began to sigh, half opened his lips, appeared for a moment to be on the
point of speaking, then he looked at her again, shook his head, and withdrew slowly,
with his brow in his hand, leaving the gypsy stupefied.
Among the grotesque personages sculptured on the wall, there was one to whom he was
particularly attached, and with which he often seemed to exchange fraternal glances.
Once the gypsy heard him saying to it,--
"Oh! why am not I of stone, like you!" At last, one morning, la Esmeralda had
advanced to the edge of the roof, and was looking into the Place over the pointed
roof of Saint-Jean le Rond.
Quasimodo was standing behind her. He had placed himself in that position in
order to spare the young girl, as far as possible, the displeasure of seeing him.
All at once the gypsy started, a tear and a flash of joy gleamed simultaneously in her
eyes, she knelt on the brink of the roof and extended her arms towards the Place
with anguish, exclaiming: "Phoebus! come!
come! a word, a single word in the name of heaven!
Her voice, her face, her gesture, her whole person bore the heartrending expression of
a shipwrecked man who is making a signal of distress to the joyous vessel which is
passing afar off in a ray of sunlight on the horizon.
Quasimodo leaned over the Place, and saw that the object of this tender and
agonizing prayer was a young man, a captain, a handsome cavalier all glittering
with arms and decorations, prancing across
the end of the Place, and saluting with his plume a beautiful lady who was smiling at
him from her balcony.
However, the officer did not hear the unhappy girl calling him; he was too far
away. But the poor deaf man heard.
A profound sigh heaved his breast; he turned round; his heart was swollen with
all the tears which he was swallowing; his convulsively-clenched fists struck against
his head, and when he withdrew them there was a bunch of red hair in each hand.
The gypsy paid no heed to him. He said in a low voice as he gnashed his
"Damnation! That is what one should be like!
'Tis only necessary to be handsome on the outside!"
Meanwhile, she remained kneeling, and cried with extraor-dinary agitation,--"Oh! there
he is alighting from his horse! He is about to enter that house!--Phoebus!-
-He does not hear me!
Phoebus!--How wicked that woman is to speak to him at the same time with me!
The deaf man gazed at her.
He understood this pantomime. The poor bellringer's eye filled with
tears, but he let none fall. All at once he pulled her gently by the
border of her sleeve.
She turned round. He had assumed a tranquil air; he said to
her,-- "Would you like to have me bring him to
She uttered a cry of joy. "Oh! go! hasten! run! quick! that captain!
that captain! bring him to me! I will love you for it!"
She clasped his knees.
He could not refrain from shaking his head sadly.
"I will bring him to you," he said, in a weak voice.
Then he turned his head and plunged down the staircase with great strides, stifling
When he reached the Place, he no longer saw anything except the handsome horse hitched
at the door of the Gondelaurier house; the captain had just entered there.
He raised his eyes to the roof of the church.
La Esmeralda was there in the same spot, in the same attitude.
He made her a sad sign with his head; then he planted his back against one of the
stone posts of the Gondelaurier porch, determined to wait until the captain should
In the Gondelaurier house it was one of those gala days which precede a wedding.
Quasimodo beheld many people enter, but no one come out.
He cast a glance towards the roof from time to time; the gypsy did not stir any more
than himself. A groom came and unhitched the horse and
led it to the stable of the house.
The entire day passed thus, Quasimodo at his post, la Esmeralda on the roof,
Phoebus, no doubt, at the feet of Fleur-de- Lys.
At length night came, a moonless night, a dark night.
Quasimodo fixed his gaze in vain upon la Esmeralda; soon she was no more than a
whiteness amid the twilight; then nothing.
All was effaced, all was black.
Quasimodo beheld the front windows from top to bottom of the Gondelaurier mansion
illuminated; he saw the other casements in the Place lighted one by one, he also saw
them extinguished to the very last, for he remained the whole evening at his post.
The officer did not come forth.
When the last passers-by had returned home, when the windows of all the other houses
were extinguished, Quasimodo was left entirely alone, entirely in the dark.
There were at that time no lamps in the square before Notre-Dame.
Meanwhile, the windows of the Gondelaurier mansion remained lighted, even after
Quasimodo, motionless and attentive, beheld a throng of lively, dancing shadows pass
athwart the many-colored painted panes.
Had he not been deaf, he would have heard more and more distinctly, in proportion as
the noise of sleeping Paris died away, a sound of feasting, laughter, and music in
the Gondelaurier mansion.
Towards one o'clock in the morning, the guests began to take their leave.
Quasimodo, shrouded in darkness watched them all pass out through the porch
illuminated with torches.
None of them was the captain. He was filled with sad thoughts; at times
he looked upwards into the air, like a person who is weary of waiting.
Great black clouds, heavy, torn, split, hung like crape hammocks beneath the starry
dome of night. One would have pronounced them spiders'
webs of the vault of heaven.
In one of these moments he suddenly beheld the long window on the balcony, whose stone
balustrade projected above his head, open mysteriously.
The frail glass door gave passage to two persons, and closed noiselessly behind
them; it was a man and a woman.
It was not without difficulty that Quasimodo succeeded in recognizing in the
man the handsome captain, in the woman the young lady whom he had seen welcome the
officer in the morning from that very balcony.
The place was perfectly dark, and a double crimson curtain which had fallen across the
door the very moment it closed again, allowed no light to reach the balcony from
The young man and the young girl, so far as our deaf man could judge, without hearing a
single one of their words, appeared to abandon themselves to a very tender tete-a-
The young girl seemed to have allowed the officer to make a girdle for her of his
arm, and gently repulsed a kiss.
Quasimodo looked on from below at this scene which was all the more pleasing to
witness because it was not meant to be seen.
He contemplated with bitterness that beauty, that happiness.
After all, nature was not dumb in the poor fellow, and his human sensibility, all
maliciously contorted as it was, quivered no less than any other.
He thought of the miserable portion which Providence had allotted to him; that woman
and the pleasure of love, would pass forever before his eyes, and that he should
never do anything but behold the felicity of others.
But that which rent his heart most in this sight, that which mingled indignation with
his anger, was the thought of what the gypsy would suffer could she behold it.
It is true that the night was very dark, that la Esmeralda, if she had remained at
her post (and he had no doubt of this), was very far away, and that it was all that he
himself could do to distinguish the lovers on the balcony.
This consoled him. Meanwhile, their conversation grew more and
The young lady appeared to be entreating the officer to ask nothing more of her.
Of all this Quasimodo could distinguish only the beautiful clasped hands, the
smiles mingled with tears, the young girl's glances directed to the stars, the eyes of
the captain lowered ardently upon her.
Fortunately, for the young girl was beginning to resist but feebly, the door of
the balcony suddenly opened once more and an old dame appeared; the beauty seemed
confused, the officer assumed an air of displeasure, and all three withdrew.
A moment later, a horse was champing his bit under the porch, and the brilliant
officer, enveloped in his night cloak, passed rapidly before Quasimodo.
The bellringer allowed him to turn the corner of the street, then he ran after him
with his ape-like agility, shouting: "Hey there! captain!"
The captain halted.
"What wants this knave with me?" he said, catching sight through the gloom of that
hipshot form which ran limping after him.
Meanwhile, Quasimodo had caught up with him, and had boldly grasped his horse's
bridle: "Follow me, captain; there is one here who desires to speak with you!
"Cornemahom!" grumbled Phoebus, "here's a villanous; ruffled bird which I fancy I
have seen somewhere. Hola master, will you let my horse's bridle
"Captain," replied the deaf man, "do you not ask me who it is?"
"I tell you to release my horse," retorted Phoebus, impatiently.
"What means the knave by clinging to the bridle of my steed?
Do you take my horse for a gallows?" Quasimodo, far from releasing the bridle,
prepared to force him to retrace his steps.
Unable to comprehend the captain's resistance, he hastened to say to him,--
"Come, captain, 'tis a woman who is waiting for you."
He added with an effort: "A woman who loves you."
"A rare rascal!" said the captain, "who thinks me obliged to go to all the women
who love me! or who say they do.
And what if, by chance, she should resemble you, you face of a screech-owl?
Tell the woman who has sent you that I am about to marry, and that she may go to the
"Listen," exclaimed Quasimodo, thinking to overcome his hesitation with a word, "come,
monseigneur! 'tis the gypsy whom you know!"
This word did, indeed, produce a great effect on Phoebus, but not of the kind
which the deaf man expected.
It will be remembered that our gallant officer had retired with Fleur-de-Lys
several moments before Quasimodo had rescued the condemned girl from the hands
Afterwards, in all his visits to the Gondelaurier mansion he had taken care not
to mention that woman, the memory of whom was, after all, painful to him; and on her
side, Fleur-de-Lys had not deemed it
politic to tell him that the gypsy was alive.
Hence Phoebus believed poor "Similar" to be dead, and that a month or two had elapsed
since her death.
Let us add that for the last few moments the captain had been reflecting on the
profound darkness of the night, the supernatural ugliness, the sepulchral voice
of the strange messenger; that it was past
midnight; that the street was deserted, as on the evening when the surly monk had
accosted him; and that his horse snorted as it looked at Quasimodo.