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  • So my nephew came home the other day alright? And as soon as he walked in he says, “Sonia,

  • please give the Wi-Fi passwordASAP’” and I was like, okay you can take it. You

  • can have the password and he is only eight alright? But he uses abbreviations so easily

  • and so often. Yet I've noticed that some of us have a tough time using abbreviations just

  • because we are not sure of the meanings, okay? So when in doubt who would you come to? You

  • need to come to me, Sonia, yes because I'll be taking you through ten unavoidable abbreviations

  • today which are very commonly used but sometimes we still get stuck because we don't know the

  • exact meanings, alright? So let's get started and see exactly what we have in store. The

  • very first one here it saysPINalright? So firstly what's an abbreviation? That's

  • something that you need to know before I forget, an abbreviation is basically nothing but a

  • short formokay just remember that. So abbreviations are short forms. Like I said

  • the first one we have here isPIN’. The full form ofPINispersonal identification

  • numberalright? So obviously because it's such a, you know, it's such a long word we

  • sayPIN’ ‘personal identification number’. Now one thing you need to remember here is

  • this abbreviation already has the wordnumberin it but many of us incorrectly say what's

  • your PIN number alright? But that's incorrect because it already hasnumberin it

  • so you simply say what's the pin on your phone or can you help me with my ATM PIN alright?

  • we usePINfor our ATM cards, we use it as passwords on our phones, etc. Just remember

  • you don't need to saypin number’. JustPINis enough. The next one hereASAP

  • like my nephew used itASAPmeansas soon as possiblealright? So let me write

  • thatas soon as possible’. This is a very common abbreviation or a common short

  • form that's used a lot in emails, it's used in text messages, it's also used when you

  • speak to people. Like for example in an email you could say, “please replyASAP’”

  • okay or we need to go shopping ASAP some people even say it as ASAP that's also fine. Now

  • the next one here this is also confused a little bit, it saysRSVPdoes it ring

  • a bell? Yes you read this particular short form a lot on invitations. If someone invites

  • you to a wedding or a party or anything like that, you may notice this abbreviation written

  • below it saysRSVPwhich meansplease reply’. Now you must be wondering you know

  • this doesn't add up as such because RSVP it's a French, it comes from a French phrase alright?

  • In English we would sayRSVPwhich meansplease reply’. Now notice one more thing

  • here this particular phrase already meansplease reply’, however quite often we

  • make the mistake of sayingplease RSVP to Johnorplease RSVP by the 10th of

  • October’, which again is incorrect. You can simply say something like ‘‘RSVP

  • by 10th of Octoberokay? Which meansplease reply by the 10th of October’, let us know

  • if you're going to attend the function or not. Remember you don't need to use please

  • with the abbreviationRSVPand then we haveRIP’. Now if you notice on Facebook

  • nowadays mostly people update almost everything on Facebook so if someone has unfortunately

  • passed away, you may notice that people comment and say something likeRIPJohn orRIP

  • Jack okay soRIPmeansrest in peaceokay? It's used to, you know it's a comment

  • that you make when someone has passed away and you wish for their soul to rest in peace,

  • okay? You would also see it on tombstones sometimes. If there's someone who's buried

  • and at their grave, you would seeRIPwritten at the tombstone, which meansrest

  • in peace’. The next one here and this is quite popularATMyesATMthe

  • full form for it isautomated teller machine’. Now I'm sure we all know what an ATM is, it's

  • basically a machine where you put in your debit card, alright you enter in yourPIN

  • and you're able to withdraw money. There are also many more bank related transactions that

  • you can make because theATMis related to your or connected to your bank. The full

  • form ofATMis anautomated teller machine’. In a sentence you could say, ‘could

  • you tell me where is the closestATM’, please?” As simple that. The next one here

  • and this is quite interesting I must say okay? It saysBYOB’. Can you even guess what

  • this could mean? Well BYOB meansbring your own booze’. Yes! Okay, ‘bring your

  • own booze’. Now booze basically means drinks anything which is alcoholic. So say if you've

  • been invited to a party, okay and at certain partiespeople may not really serve alcohol

  • but they're perfectly alright with their guests getting their own alcohol or their own booze

  • to the party. So maybe if you received an invite by email possibly somewhere towards

  • the end you would see a phrase like, oh sorry a short form likeBYOBwhich means bring

  • your own booze or bring your own alcohol, your own drinks alright? Now the next one

  • here it saysBBQ’. Now this one has two meanings, okay? The first and the most common

  • one forBBQis, ‘barbecue’. Okay for all the food lovers, barbecue is basically

  • roasted meat. It’s when you roast any kind of meat and you have a barbecue, alright?

  • So it's basically roasting meat. You could even have a barbecue party, okay? So that's

  • one full form of the abbreviationBBQ’. Another one that's quite the slang you could

  • say is, ‘better be quick’. How innovative is that, let me write it here, ‘better be

  • quick’. Now see this one it's obviously very informal, it's very, it’s a slang,

  • alright? So you could use it in your text messages, if someone uses WhatsApp, you could

  • useBBQto meanbetter be quick’. But it's not very common in spoken English

  • as such when you're speaking to someone, ‘BBQis something that you would relate tobarbeque

  • instantly or even if you see this written on you know in a sauce, like it's a barbecue

  • sauce you may see something likeBBQ’. However remember you can even use it asbetter

  • be quick’. And then we have ‘e.g.’ so what does that mean? It meansfor example’,

  • okay? Now this is normally used only in thewritten form’, like when I'm speaking

  • I can't say I need to buy some shirts, ‘e.g.’ formal shirts, informal shirts. I can't say

  • that it is just incorrect. However in the written form you can use this to sayfor

  • example’. So if you are reading a sentence you would see something like, ‘there are

  • many reptiles which lay eggs, ‘e.g.’ snakes, frogs, etc. You would read a sentence like

  • this. So when you want to give an example in thewritten form’, you use ‘e.g.’.

  • There's another one here and this one gets misunderstood quite often, ‘i.e.’ which

  • is read as, ‘that is’. Okay that's how you read it but what it means isto clarify

  • okay? So again this is an abbreviation you will use in thewritten formnot in

  • thespoken form’. When you see this written somewhere you'll simply saythat is’.

  • So for example you would say, ‘I need or I bought some coffee, ‘i.e.’ which is

  • very hot’, okay? Soto clarifysomething you would see this in the written form but

  • when you pronounce it when you say it you need to saythat is’, alright, I hope

  • that's clear. And finally we have this very common one okay which is unavoidable, we see

  • it everywhere, ‘etc.’ meanset-cetera’, alright? So say if you're listing a couple

  • of things, if you say that I went shopping today and I bought some shirts, trousers,

  • skirts, etc. okay? It meansso forth’. It's basically used when you listing something

  • and ideally there would be many items because of which you are usingetc.’ e-t-c. So

  • yes these are the ten unavoidable abbreviations which you should know, they should be extremely

  • clear and you should not make any mistake when using these because they are really simple,

  • alright? So you make sure that you start practicingASAPand I'll make sure I come back

  • soon with something much more interesting, till then you take good care of yourself,

  • good bye.

So my nephew came home the other day alright? And as soon as he walked in he says, “Sonia,

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日常会話で避けて通れない英語の略語(短縮形)|英会話レッスン (English Abbreviations (Short forms)you can’t avoid in Daily Spoken English | English Speaking Lesson)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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