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Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is lesson 401. The topic of ... or the title of
today's lesson is hot topic. It's a hot topic of course in the news these days
you know for the past month and probably still going into the future about the
coronavirus and how to talk about it. So the purpose of this lesson is to go over
a lot of vocabulary. That if specially if you are a student of ESL , English as a
second language, and you wanted to talk about it in English this is important
vocabulary for you. And I'll give you examples of how we would use the
vocabulary and things that you know have been reported that people might talk
about in regard to the coronavirus. So let's look at the first one.
The coronavirus itself first. You know, any of a number of our RNA containing
viruses that lead to infections of the respiratory tract. Okay.
It is named the corona virus due to a crown-like appearance in electron micrograph. All right.
Now ... Remember the, the respiratory tract... that's what they talked about it . I know
when I looked at a lot of videos on it. They do say that men seem, seem to be a
little more likely to catch the corona virus than women , but then I've also
heard of other reports that it may not just be men it's because especially in
Asia where the most cases are, men tend to be heavier smokers and it could
really be more of the fact of being a heavy smoker
because this attacks your respiratory tract. And that could be a factor as opposed to
just gender alone. Okay. Let's continue. All right now. Our first vocabulary
to go over is wet market. This is what you hear on the news. So what is a wet market ?
A wet market basically is a market that sells fresh meat products and there's a
lot of them in China, where the fresh meat is kind of hanging there. Some
people question how sanitary it is. But this is where some of the you know, WHO
and some people are claiming that the virus may have may have come out , out of
this this wet market. So let's just give an example here. The W-H-O claims the
coronavirus may have infected humans from a wet market. Now years ago during
the SARS crisis because you know, coronavirus is kind of related to it.
They both attack your respiratory tract. During the SARS virus they claimed that
it came from like a civet which is an animal... it's like a cat like one. I think
the story behind it is like through a bat. Like maybe a bat bit a civet and
then people eat bat soup or something like that. And they might have contracted
the disease that way. This is the theory. Although to be honest with you, it has
never really been proven. So it is really just a theory. It could be completely
wrong but this is what you've heard reported in the media a lot. So people
may repeat this and with the coronavirus it's not a civet. They're not
blaming the civet any more. Now they're blaming the Pangolin ... which is an animal
it's in the anteater family. You know, it's got one of those long snouts and
they eat a lot of ants. So again but the the story is kind of
the same. They think maybe a bat bit some pangolins and then people ate the bat
soup and somehow contracted the disease in that way. Okay. Again like I said that
really there is no proof 100% beyond that , but this is what you may hear
reported. All right. Let's continue. The next vocabulary well exposure is a simple
word. Most you should know this. Being in a situation where something dangerous or
harmful could affect a person. Let's just give an example of that. They claim some
of the earliest infections were found in people who had exposure to a wet market
in Wuhan. You know, that part of China. So this is their idea of maybe where or why
it may come from that. That's, that's about as much evidence as they have. All
right. Let's continue. Incubation period is another important term if you wanted
to talk about this. The period of a disease starting from infection to the
appearance of symptoms. Okay. Here's our example here. They believe the incubation
period of the coronavirus is 14 days. We don't know if that's a hundred percent.
I've heard someone's some reports say that it could possibly be longer. We
don't really know, but that's that's the main one that they are going by. All
right. The word quarantine. So quarantine, a situation in which people
or animals, or animals have been infected with a disease and then they are
separated from others, so that the disease will not spread. Okay. And here's
our example sentence for that. In many countries if one is tested positive for
the coronavirus he or she may have to be quarantined for 14 days which is
related to the incubation period basically. Yeah. So we say quarantine. Yeah.
And before in some of my earlier videos I did a an Origin on the word quarantine
too which is interesting if you like this one maybe you want to check that
out as well. All right. Let's continue. The next important vocabulary here is surgical
masks. Okay. So basically a mask worn to catch bacteria emitted by the wearer.
Okay. And here's our example sentence. During the SARS crisis there was a
shortage of surgical masks. And I'm sure in the news this is what you see if you
see people in China. You see them at almost everybody is wearing the surgical
masks and in other parts of Asia or Japan, Korea, you see a lot of people
wearing them, especially if they go in areas where there is... in the public where
there's a lot of people around. They may wear this. I've heard other reports too
through. Some question you know, how much they really do protect you. But one thing
for sure though is if you do wear them and you did actually contract the
disease they say that will ... that protects other people from you spreading
it. Whether you can still contract it with that surgical mask on, I'm not sure.
Hopefully it will protect you to at least a certain degree. Okay. Let's
continue. All right. Ration. All right. This is also important. A limited amount of
something one is allowed due to you know, a shortage and of course
the surgical masks are what is in a shortage here. In Taiwan, surgical masks
are rationed due to a shortage. Yeah. Specifically in Taiwan I think most of
the pharmacies... they only allow people I think to buy three or four times a week
and they can only buy like two surgical masks at a time. So of course this is
causing long lines you see lines of people that could be you know hundred
people on a line waiting you know, for when they're selling them and hopefully
by the time they get up there, they won't be sold out too. There's always a chance
you can wait on this long line and it can be sold out by the time you get to
the front. Okay. All right. Shutter. Now this is another important word that
could be important in the near future. To close a building for a prolonged
period of time. Sometimes it means it goes out of business completely too. But in this
case it's just closed for a longer period. And here's our example. Throughout
China, many factories have been shuttered due to the coronavirus. So yes, some of
them just stopped production completely and you know, some parts of
China are really shut down. And remember this is important because you know, I
think China is up to about 21 percent of the world production. You know, that they
send parts out. So this could have an effect on us. All right. Let's continue.
So our next word is really our next term is supply chain. The whole process... the whole
process of producing and selling goods at every stage. So if the.... you know, if the
China's production... if a lot of these factories stay shuttered for a long, long
time, the supply chain may be affected. So that's our example sentence here. If too
many factories remain shuttered for too long , it may hinder the supply chain and
lead to shortages around the world on certain products. Not on every product
but on certain products , especially the ones that are coming out of China.
Sometimes it's just some parts and really the whole thing cannot be put
together because of these parts. So this this could lead to ... let's hope not. There
are some bright spots too. This... to this disease to is that the
warmer weather is not that far away. It's around the corner just like with SARS.
When the warmer weather came, it helped to control the situation a lot better. So
let's hope it happens the same way. This time but if it, if it didn't. You know,
straighten out by that time , it could really have a very strong economic
effect. You know maybe lead to an economic crash around the world. That's
what some people are talking about. Hopefully that won't happen. If you know,
if once the weather warms up by April May if a lot of this crisis calms down
or dissipates or goes away in a similar way to what happened with SARS you know,
in the early 2000s. All right. Let's continue. Okay. All right. Conspiracy theories
Yeah. There's a lot of conspiracy theories out there in regard to this. Now
again, I don't know if you know , I'm not saying any of them are true, but I'm just...
I will just mention some that have been talked about when you when you read
online you read about things. So again, if you're having conversations
about the coronavirus these, these ideas may come up. So well this is a conspiracy
theory. A belief that a covert or hidden group of people are secretly trying to
harm someone to achieve a goal. That's the main idea. All right. So what are some.
Well the first one might be that there is a is a bioweapon lab in China that's
actually right near the wet market. So even though they have the theory that
some of the first cases came from the wet market. Well this bio lab is near
there too. So maybe the the virus escaped from it. Or we hope that it was
not exposed on purpose. But you know , some people have talked about that too with
the second one here. With thee ...you know, because there was a lot of protests
going on in China you know, Hong Kong and stuff that maybe this may be a way to
quiet this out. Again hopefully this is not true but these are some things that
were said online that it was due in connection to this coronavirus. If
was not really a natural event. A lot of people also question it due to the
timing. The timing seems to be almost too perfect. It was right around Chinese New
Year where most people could be infected more quickly. So some people wonder if it
was natural or you know was there somebody or something else behind this.
All right. The other one is Big Pharma. Well, especially in our the last decade
or almost two decades we've had a lot of scares of a crisis of diseases and it
seems like there was a lot of cases and then very often because there was a lot
of cases a lot of governments went and donated money to make vaccinations and
big Pharma gets a lot of money this way. And some people think that you know, they
could be something behind it. Like this That maybe once they get the money then
suddenly, the disease kind of disappears. And it didn't really never
lived up to the hype of what the scare was in the media. Again let's hope this
is not the truth. But these are this is another sort of conspiracy theory that
is out there. All right. Globalism could be related to
globalism too. You know there's a theory that there's a lot of rich elite people.
They kind of want a one-world government. They're not happy. Some things are not
going their way. The European Union is breaking apart. They don't like that.
They're not that crazy about Trump either because supposedly he is one
leader that they don't control. And we've had a lot more populist leaders that
have been elected throughout the world and the they may not be listening to the
globalists. So maybe they are they're doing this to cause chaos or maybe this
is a way to to bring down the world economy. To make it more difficult for
Trump to be reelected again. I'm not saying this is what is happening , but
there are conspiracy theories out there. So when people talk about it, these are
things that you could possibly hear about in relation to the coronavirus.
Okay. Anyway, I hope this was very informative and I hope it's very helpful.
Okay. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.
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English Tutor Nick P Lesson (401) Hot Topic - Coronavirus - How to Discuss It

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anitawu12 2020 年 2 月 27 日 に公開
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