字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント - [Jacob] Any magical historian can tell you that the wizarding world spans books, films, a Broadway play, and J.K. Rowling's unstoppable Twitter updates. Hey, everyone. This is Jacob with "Cinematica", and we're writing a history lesson of our own with a Harry Potter timeline. This video will cover the original eight films, with a focus on the decade-long struggle between Harry and Voldemort, though there's a bunch of stuff that happens before the decades-long part. - I read about it in "Hogwarts, A History." - [Jacob] I'm sure you did, Hermione, but that means no "Fantastic Beasts" and no "Cursed Child", thankfully. So maybe this'll be a little less comprehensive than "Hogwarts, a History." But I'm sure many would agree that might be for the better. And nevermind the Hogwarts Express for now, 'cause we're twisting our Time Turner way back to 1,000 years ago, circa the 900s to around the 1300s. In the 10th century, four of the leading witches and wizards of England establish Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. They are Godric Griffindor, Helga Hufflepuff, Rowena Ravenclaw, and Salazar Slytherin. They each found a school house that embodies their respective personalities. Unfortunately, Slytherin's personality turns out to be bigoted fascist, so isn't long before he mucks up the whole system. He believes that only pure-blooded wizards are suitable for mentorship at Hogwarts, causing a fallout between him and the other founders. He retires, but not before building the Chamber of Secrets and placing a basilisk inside so that one day his heir can free it and purge the school of half-bloods and muggle-borns. Good, cool stuff. Such a cool thing to do, my dude. Hundreds of years later, in the 1200s, the three Peverell brothers come into possession of three tools that are immensely OP. Dubbed the Deathly Hallows, they are the Invisibility Cloak, the Resurrection Stone, and the Elder Wand. And it's believed that the brothers received them from death himself. As death claims each of the brothers' lives, the items are lost to time. Later that very same century, the Triwizard Tournament is founded. Hogwarts participates in the tournament, along with its fellow wizarding schools, the Durmstrang Institute and Beaubatons Academy of Magic, which is ridiculous, since that school is in France and should be pronounced Beauatons, but I digress. 100 years after that, the French alchemist Nicholas Flamel or Nicholas Flamel I guess, creates a massively powerful piece of magic called the Philosopher's Stone, which sidebar, Flamel was a real person who lived from about 1330 to 1418, and the Philosopher's Stone is an actual mythological item that is actually called the Philosopher's Stone and is not the Sorcerer's Stone as American audiences were lead to believe. The copy I've had since I was a kid says "Philosopher's Stone" and this is a hill I will gladly die on. Extra points to "Full Metal Alchemist" for not needlessly changing the name of the Philospher's Stone. And if you wanna watch that timeline you can find it over on our sister channel, Get in the Robot, sidebar over. Anyway, Flamel uses the Stone to create an elixir of life that sustains him for hundreds of years. Its life-giving properties are far more effective than those of unicorn blood. He lasts longer than the Triwizard Tournament, which ends in 1792 after the tradition is deemed to be too dangerous. And we very plainly see why in "The Goblet of Fire" but I'm getting way ahead of myself. 1899. So anyway, like 100 years later, in 1899, the young wizard, Gellert Grindelwald is expelled from the Durmstrang Institute after performing dark experiments and attacks on students. Post-expulsion Grindelwald goes to live with his great aunt, Bathilda Bagshot who introduces him to her neighbor, Albus Dumbledore. The two boys cultivate a close and complicated friendship which later turns romantic built on ambition and their shared aptitude for magic. Though you'd never know the the romantic part if you were just watching the movies. They soon begin plotting a wizarding revolution by finding the Deathly Hallows and bringing an end to the international statute of secrecy. But Albus has responsibilities that he's choosing to ignore. Specifically, after his mother's death, he and his younger brother Aberforth were left as the main caregivers to their young and vulnerable sister Ariana. When Aberforth confronts Albus about his dereliction of duty, Grindelwald steps in and uses the Cruciatus Curse on the young wizard. Albus is horrified by the use of one of the unforgivable curses and the three wizards begin to duel. Ariana gets caught in the crossfire, is struck by a spell, and dies. 1926-1943. On New Year's Eve of 1926, Tom Marvolo Riddle was born to a witch mother and muggle father who got mixed up in this business against his will. Riddle's mother cast a love spell on him. Through his mom, Merope Gaunt, he's the direct heir of Salazar Slytherin, but his upbringing isn't so lofty. Since his mother died and his father's out of the picture, he's raised at Wool's Orphanage in London. Dark happenings follow Tom. On holiday on a seaside cave, he traumatizes some of his fellow orphans. In 1938, Hogwarts professor, Albus Dumbledore, who has aged pretty ungracefully since his youth as Jude Law, visits Tom at the orphanage. Despite the warning signs that Tom is super evil, Dumbledore invites him to Hogwarts. During his time at the school, Tom becomes a handsome and brilliant student and a favorite of potions master, Horace Slughorn. But he also becomes a bigoted fascist who's drawn to super evil magic. I guess it runs in the family. He spends his free time in the restricted section of the library researching super evil things. After learning about his muggle heritage, Tom tracks down and murders his father and paternal grandparents at Riddle house in Little Hangleton. He reclaims an old heirloom of his mother's family, a ring that he wears around Hogwarts. Little does he know at the time that the ring contains the fabled Resurrection Stone. It's never specified, but Tom must have used the murders of his muggle family to fashion the stone into the first of his seven horcruxes later down the line. In 1942, after one of Slughorn's famous dinner parties Tom stays behind. He probes the professor about the nature of horcruxes. Back up vessels for the soul made by killing another person. He floats the idea of splitting a soul into seven fragments and Slughorn is rightfully terrified, but he doesn't tell anyone about the incident. A year later, Tom discovers the Chamber of Secrets' hidden entrance. He frees Slytherin's basilisk so it can roam the halls of Hogwarts, killing Myrtle Warren. In the ensuing investigation, Tom blames Rubius Hagrid for opening the chamber. Hagrid's expelled and his wand is broken, but Dumbledore remains suspicious of Tom. Suffering under Dumbledore's watchful eye, Tom stopped exploring the chamber and turns his personal diary into his second horcrux. In the following years, Tom creates three additional horcruxes further dividing his soul. In 1945, Dumbledore has a legendary dual against the dark wizard Gellert Grindelwald that's literally a whole other story, but the main takeaway is that Dumbledore is victorious and seizes control of the Elder Wand from him. But now there's a new dark lord in town. At some additional edge lord Tom Riddle thinks it would be cool to rearrange the letters in his name to make a dark lord title and takes the mantle of Lord Voldemort. The name matches his new super creepy appearance. The severing of his soul drains Lord Voldemort of his humanity, leaving him pale and serpentine. Also he has no nose. Probably part of that whole looking like a snake thing but he has no nose and it's weird and gross but now whenever I see Ray Fiennes I don't recognize him because I mostly know him for having no nose. In this transformative time, Voldemort gains a legion of followers called Death Eaters who help him incite fear and discrimination in the wizarding world. And basically, he's the biggest threat to the wizarding world since Gellert Grindelwald. 1970-1990. It's a period of civil war. The Order of the Phoenix, founded by Albus, protects the Ministry of Magic from Voldemort's reign of terror. Elsewhere, a young muggle-born witch named Lily Evans is coming into her powers. She falls out of favor with her jealous sister Petunia, if Petunia ever favored her in the first place, but meets another magical boy named Severus Snape. The two become fast friends, but their relationship is put in jeopardy once school begins. The Sorting Hat sorts Lily into Gryffindor while Snape is sorted into Slytherin. They're further estranged by the marauders, a mischevious group of Gryffindor boys who bully Snape. They're made up of Sirius Black, Peter Pettigrew, Remus Lupin, and James Potter. All four boys are animagi, having learned how to transform into animals so that Lupin wouldn't have to feel so bad about being a werewolf which is pretty sweet actually. James eventually starts a relationship with Lily, and it completely alienates Snape. Though Snape is a proficient student, even marking up a potions textbook under the alias of the Half Blood prince, he's lonely. I mean, he was calling himself the Half Blood Prince it doesn't take a genius to see that someone like that is lonely. In his isolation he turns to Lord Voldemort becoming one of his Death Eaters. Conversely, Lily and the Marauders joined the Order of the Phoenix to stand against the dark lord. Sirius Black brother Regulus Black also becomes a Death Eater. He's a loyal servant to Voldemort until the Dark Lord uses Regulus's hous elf, Creature, for a trial run on a horcrux challenge. Voldemort hides Salazar Slytherin's locket in the seaside cave from his childhood protected by a poisonous potion that he makes the elf drink. Upon learning this, Regulus and creature go back to the cave and steal the locket. They leave behind a fake locket with a hidden note inside, presumably saying you got pranked underneath whatever the actual note said. But Regulus is killed by Inferi. Creature takes the real locket back to the Black Family's ancestral home but he's incapable of destroying it. In 1979, at the height of Lord Voldemort's powers, Sybill Trelawney foresees his downfall. She recites a prophesy that Dumbledore, at her Hogwarts job interview, stating that "The one with the power to vanquish "the Dark Lord approaches, born to those "who have thrice defied him, "born as the seventh month dies." Little do they realize that Severus Snape is on the other side of the door eavesdropping.