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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
字幕の修正報告
.
There are billions of planets in the Universe
that, theoretically, can support life.
But so far, we haven't discovered
any aliens out there.
Maybe the reason is
we're just looking in the wrong places.
What if alien life
isn't anything like the life we know of?
There is one thing that your DNA,
a diamond and a rubber duck
have in common.
They're all made of carbon.
Carbon is one of the most abundant
elements in the Universe.
On Earth, it's also the primary building block
of all life.
Carbon is so special
because its atoms can make four bonds
with another element, oxygen,
and form long chains of atoms,
called polymers.
But there is another element
that can do the same trick.
Not only is silicon
chemically similar to carbon,
it also makes it on the list
of the most plentiful chemicals
found in the Universe.
Potentially, silicon could be a building block
of organic alien life.
And we might find that life
in our own Solar System.
A candidate for hosting a silicon-based alien life
is hiding among the moons of Saturn.
Titan, the biggest of these moons,
has an atmosphere that's 95% nitrogen
and 5% methane.
It has no oxygen,
and any water it has is frozen solid,
because Titan receives only one percent
of the amount of sunlight the Earth does.
But silicon-based life-forms
wouldn't need any water.
Instead, they could use liquid methane
as the galactic elixir for their existence.
The lack of oxygen would also be essential
for such life to emerge.
Here's why.
When carbon unites with oxygen, or oxidizes,
as it does during a fire,
it turns into a gas, carbon dioxide.
Now, when silicon oxidizes,
it becomes silicon dioxide, or silica,
which is a solid and not a gas.
If Titan had oxygen in its atmosphere,
silicon would immediately turn into rock,
and no life could possibly begin in that state.
But Titan's atmosphere doesn't contain any oxygen,
giving silicon-based life a chance.
Most likely, if there is silicon-based life out there,
it would be in the form of microbes,
and not animal-size organisms
that you can see with your own eyes.
Scientists generally agree that
any silicon-based life would need
intense heat to survive.
So most likely, you'd have to dig deep
under the surface of Titan to find it.
Because of the extreme cold on Titan's surface,
a living being would live
somewhere close to the Titan's core,
where it's hot.
And hey, there are many other planets out there.
Some of them might have just the right conditions
for non-carbon-based life to thrive.
Because silicon doesn't get along with oxygen,
the metabolic processes of a silicon-based organism
would have to be entirely different from ours.
We don't know if it's even possible,
just as we don't know if anything
strictly silicon-based would have a DNA.
But maybe we shouldn't try applying "our" science
to alien life we've never encountered
and planets we haven't thoroughly explored.
Earth's conditions don't really give silicon
any chance to form into a life-form.
But if, one day, aliens came down
to visit us here on Earth,
they would probably change
everything we know about
what living organisms could be made of.
But that's a story for another WHAT IF.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

もしも、宇宙人はシリコンでできていたら…? (What If Alien Life Was Silicon-Based?)

55 タグ追加 保存
minami.kuo 2019 年 11 月 15 日 に公開
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