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[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 HOST: Hey. I`m Carl Azuz
for CNN 10. This is our penultimate, or would

you say "punultimate" show for the 2019 winter
spring

season. It`s great to have you watching, as
always. We start today in Southern Africa.

A change has been made in the nation of Botswana,
and it

concerns elephants.
Since 2014, it`s been illegal to hunt them
there. Botswana has an estimated 130,000 African

elephants, more than any other African country.
It put the hunting ban in 2014 to help the
animals recover from habitat loss and poaching

when people kill them illegally. Now, though,
Botswana`s

government has eliminated the ban, which means
elephant hunting is once again allowed there,

as it already is in neighboring nations.
The idea is that legal hunting will take place
in the wilderness, far away from where people

live. The government says elephant populations
are now

stable, so they can be hunted, and it says
that problems between residents and elephants

had been increasing. Scores of people are
killed or injured

by elephants each year.
And a villager who spoke to CNN says the animals
destroy crops and don`t benefit the community.

Conservationists, of course, have a different
view,

One told CNN that hunting is a, quote, "outdated
practice which has no place in the modern

world." And another said that allowing elephant
hunting is like allowing people to shoot cats,
dogs or great apes.

But he also says that if elephant hunting
is managed correctly, it won`t affect overall

numbers of elephants in Botswana. Poaching,
however, can.

There are signs that poaching`s been on the
rise in Botswana. It`s carried out by people

who hope to illegally sell the ivory from
elephant tusks on

the black market.
It`s not known exactly what kind of impact
legal hunting will have on poaching or elephant

populations as a whole, but it`s something
that

Botswana`s people, its government and conservationists
will be watching.

Ten Second Trivia. On a smart phone, captions,
select-to-speak and magnification are all

part of what settings category: Accessibility,
Network & internet, Appearance or Device connection?
These are all common accessibility settings

which makes computers more, well, accessible.
OK, so yesterday, we told you about a robot
that can walk packages to your doorstep. We`ve

covered the subjects on drone deliveries,
self-driving

cars, robotic window cleaners. Technology
is moving ahead at a feverish pace, and much

of it is aimed at making everyday living easier
or at least

more automated.
But what about making everyday living more
accessible for people with disabilities? How

are robots in the internet of things, when
more and more

items are connected to the internet, how are
they improving everyday accessibility?

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)
ROBERT RIENER, FULL PROFESSOR OF SENSORY MOTOR
SYSTEMS, ETH ZURICH: We need all stakeholders

in our society to make technology available
to all.

MICHAEL HAGMANN, PRODUCT PILOT, MYOSWISS:
People with no disability, they cannot really

imagine what that really means for people
like me.

KURSAT CEYLAN, CO-FOUNDER, WEWALK: There are
253 million visually impaired people in the

world, and these people have been still using
just a plain

stick.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Cities can be difficult
cases to navigate at the best of times. But

for some with disabilities, they can turn
into gold bits

(ph). With nearly 200 million people globally
experiencing a severe disability, stairs,

curbs, train gaps, even crosswalks can be
impossible

obstacles.
But as devices grow smarter, cities are becoming
more accessible. In fact, the assistive tech

industry will be worth an estimated $30 billion
by 2024.

That`s up from $14 billion in 2015. And when
those with disabilities are around 40 percent

less likely to be employed, access, of course,
has a huge

impact on the economy as well.
RIENER: It`s very important to invest in our
field because there`s a multiplicator effect.

If we develop new technologies it does not
just help

single persons, it helps a large group of
users.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Three of the most cutting-edge
examples are already changing lives.

JOSE DI FELICE, PRODUCT PILOT, SCEWO: My accident
was in Dijon with a motorcycle. In the first

second, you know what happens. This is a new
kind of wheelchair, but the main thing is
you can climb up the stairs.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You can go up the stairs
by yourself?

DI FELICE, Genius, right?
BERNHARD WINTER, CEO & CO-FOUNDER, SCEWO:
Jose, he wrote us, about half a year ago,

an e-mail that he would like to test the wheelchair.
Our goal is

to develop a wheelchair that can climb stairs.
DI FELICE: Thank you so much. It`s really
good. You`ve done so well.

WINTER: It`s working, isn`t it?
DI FELICE: It`s perfect. I`ve almost got tears
in my eyes.

WINTER: The goal was to make a really cool
robot at the start, but then it switched over

to developing this product, because we saw
there was such a

huge need for the people.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That need is felt in
cities across the world. In Paris, the European

Union`s largest city, only nine out of more
than 300

metro stations have full disabled access as
of 2019.

RIENER: I think there`s a boom in the development
of assistive technologies. Systems are getting

more robust and smaller and smaller.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: These smaller systems
are allowing assistive tech to become increasing

wearable.
HAGMANN: I`m diagnosed with Bethlem Myopathy.
It`s a genetic disease. I lose muscle cells

everywhere. I have not enough muscle strength
to really

hold me.
JAIME DUARTE, CEO & FOUNDER, MYOSWISS: Hi,
Michael.

HAGMANN: Hey.
DUARTE: I have the Myosuit for you to try.
HAGMANN: Oh, great.
DUARTE: What we are developing as an exomuscle
is rather a system that assists people that

need extra force or extra assistance in their
daily

life. You hear the motors of the system. So
the way that the tendon is routed from the

muscles here in the backpack, it`s really
extending the hip

and the knee. So it`s the same muscle groups
that we use, this muscle that we need, the

glutaeus and the quadriceps, to really extend
both joints at

the same time.
HAGMANN: I really have this vision in mind
to do a mountain hike with my son. My family

thinks, "Yes, you are crazy, Michael." So
I never really

thought that I would do a marathon.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You`re a hero.
RIENER: Robotics does not only connect to
the body of a person, but also to many other

devices, which are connected via the internet
of things.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: By 2025, there`ll be
an estimated 25 billion connections between

these things around the world. This will transform
how

devices operate within cities.
CEYLAN: Unfortunately, I cannot name a single
city as a perfectly disabled-friendly city.

That`s why we are trying to provide this
independency for visually-impaired people.
Welcome.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Hi.
CEYLAN: WeWalk is a smart cane developed for
visually-impaired people. You can easily connect

WeWalk to your smartphone, via WeWalk`s application.
And it`s so joyful. You know, you can talk
with your cane, and your care is answering

you. Choose navigation on the touchpad.
WEWALK SMART CANE APPLICATION: Navigation.
CEYLAN: Click it.
WEWALK SMART CANE APPLICATION: Start.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Another of WeWalk`s capabilities
is obstacle detection. Embedded in the handle

is an ultrasonic sensor that maps the
user`s surroundings. If an obstacle is detected,
the stick warns the user by vibration.

DUYGU KAYAMAN, USER, WEWALK: To me WeWalk
represents the end of an ear and the start

of a new one.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: All of these technologies
have had interest from other industries, indicating

that the good health of the assistive tech
sector can only be a good thing for society.
RIENER: There`s a lot of new movement and
there will be a lot of new results. We apply

cool technology, robotic technology which
attracts many

people who do not have a relationship to any
kind of person with a disability. So it opens

the minds of many people.
(END VIDEOTAPE)
AZUZ: Dierks Bentley isn`t just the name of
a country music artist, it`s the name of a

Golden Retriever, this Golden Retriever. And
he`s testing

out the newest piece of equipment for a fire
department in North Carolina, oxygen masks

for pets aimed to help revive animals that
have inhaled smoke,

like in a house fire. And though each kit
costs about $65, these were donated to the

fire department by their local humane society.
They come in different sizes, so they should
fit "Airdales," Labrador "Rebreathers," long-"aired"

and short-"aired" cats, and guinea pigs, like
guinea pigs, potentially saving "oxygenerations"
of animals, giving both piece of mind and

a breath of fresh air. I`m Carl Azuz. We have
one more

show to go in this season, and we hope you`ll
join us again tomorrow for Friday`s awesome

edition of CNN10.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

[CNN 10] May 30, 2019

2044 タグ追加 保存
Courtney Shih 2019 年 6 月 3 日 に公開
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