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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Word Origins 25.

  • The word origins tonight covers three words, Cupid , erotic and psyche.

  • They are all connected and they are all from Greek and Roman Mythology.

  • So let's take a look at the note here.

  • The origins of Cupid , erotic and Psyche all come from Greek and Roman mythology.

  • Cupid is a god of love which you would think so.

  • Cupid is his Roman name and Eros was his Greek name.

  • The word erotic derives from Cupid's Greek name Eros.

  • So that is how we ended up getting the word erotic.

  • Erotic means anything that causes sexual feelings.

  • So it would make sense that it should come from somebody like Cupid.

  • It comes from Cupid's Greek name which was Eros.

  • Okay.

  • Let's continue here.

  • The story sometimes varied about his parents.

  • You know about Cupid's parents.

  • Some stories have Aphrodite which is supposed to be the goddess of love and Ares which is

  • the god of war.

  • It sounds possible.

  • Others have Irirs and Zepherus.

  • I guess Iris is supposed to be the goddess of rainbows and Zepherus. is supposed to be

  • one of the winds.

  • I guess the east wind.

  • Or Aphrodite and Zeus.

  • Aphrodite the goddess of love and Zeus , of course is the god of the gods.

  • This one actually make more sense in a way.

  • Aphrodite should be the mother of Cupid.

  • It make more sense.

  • She was the goddess of love . She was more famous as the goddess of love.

  • It makes more sense that she would give birth to someone like Cupid.

  • And it could be from Zeus who always fooled around on his own wife.

  • Which would be...

  • But of course this would be a little weird.

  • Although this I think is the most common because then Zeus would be both his father and his

  • grandfather.

  • So there is a little bit of incest going on in some of this Greek and Roman mythology

  • or among the gods even, All right . Let's continue.

  • In Greek and Roman mythology Cupid was mostly not a cute little cherub like we often see portrayed

  • in a lot of images .But rather a very handsome god who was supposed to be very irresistible.

  • He was supposed to be extremely handsome.

  • Okay.

  • In the Hellenistic period usually thought of from the first to the fourth century.

  • Usually though of from the fourth to the first century BC.

  • He was sometimes portrayed or described as a playful and mischievous child.

  • This is where we get the modern-day cherub from.

  • Looking like Cupid.

  • The cute little baby with the bow and arrow.

  • That is where we get our modern-day version of Cupid and he has become kind of a mascot

  • for Valentine's Day as well.

  • In all stories he had wings , a bow and an arrow.

  • that he could shoot into men or gods to make them fall in love.

  • So he was kind of like a love potion.

  • He could just shoot an arrow into someone and make them fall in love.

  • Which is what we hear from most of the stories . All right . Let's continue.

  • In one story Aphrodite, it is supposed to be his mother became so jealous of the beautiful

  • mortal Psyche.

  • So Psyche was a regular woman.

  • And she was extremely beautiful.

  • and she felt that a lot of men or a lot of people were adoring her more than the goddess

  • of love.

  • They were nor spending time going to her temples and give her sacrifices and she got very,

  • very jealous.

  • I always thought it was funny if you ever read mythology, that the gods got just as

  • jealous as humans sometimes even more jealous.

  • So they had a lot of the same traits and bad qualities as humans had as well.

  • That she asked her son Cupid.

  • Now this is something the mother asked Cupid to do.

  • To make Psyche fall in love with a monster.

  • This would be away to punish her and if she fell in love with the monster then nobody

  • would adore her anymore.

  • Okay.

  • And this is one of the first time Cupid really disobeyed.

  • However Cupid got pricked by his own arrow And he fell in love with psyche. and married

  • psyche with the condition that she was not allowed to look at his face.

  • All right.

  • You can kind of imagine this.

  • You marry somebody and they say I love and I will treat you right but you can never look

  • at my face.

  • So this is what poor Psyche has to put up with.

  • It was actually driving her a little crazy., especially when she thought she was going

  • to be punished by Aphrodite as well and be told that a monster was loving her.

  • So but Cupid did treat her very well.

  • Okay.

  • Let's go on.

  • Psyche couldn't help herself and purposely caught a glance.

  • You know a quick look.

  • Cupid fled in anger. But at the end of the story they get back together and Cupid gives

  • her immortality.

  • He almost makes her into a god so she can live together.

  • Her name Psyche is now used as a word to refer to the part of one's mind or one's attitude

  • and behavior.

  • You know we always talk about somebody's Psyche.

  • That which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings.

  • Anyway, I hope you got it.

  • I hope you enjoyed it Bye-bye

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Word Origins 25.

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英語の家庭教師ニックPの単語の起源(25)キューピッド、エロティックとサイケ (English Tutor Nick P Word Origins (25) Cupid , Erotic and Psyche)

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    anitawu12 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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