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Okay, let's do a little bit of a follow up
here, follow-up to the conversation. So

Fred and Jane, they're having a
disagreement that's normally what we

call it, maybe you'd even call it a fight
if they start yelling at each other, get

angry, I think it's easy to get
frustrated. But, in reality they're just

negotiating
so, this is a kind of negotiation.
Negotiation have some key parts we want

to remember, let's look at what those key
parts are. They include: goals strategies,

issues and planning so, when you have a
negotiation it's important to remember

that you have some goals, you have some
strategies, you have some issues, you have

some planning. Now, we just saw Fred and
Jane, did they have goals? Mmmh!! kind of, Fred

wanted to go overseas, Jane wanted to go
to Disneyland, so it's kind of their goal

and remember there another goal was, they
want to have a vacation together with

the family, so again that's kind of a
goal. But then, did they have a plan?

Did they have a strategy? Then, have those things
in fact, they were a little bit just

making things up as they went along.
Did they have an issue that was very
clear? Hmm, not really no, so what happens

is they're just kind of talking and
that's not a good way to negotiate,

because it means, how are you going to
win? This is a key point in negotiation

that we're going to learn about in a minute,
how do you know if you win or lose?

Well, you begin with having goals,
strategies, issues and planning.

Okay, let's take a look at the parts of a
negotiation that we just mentioned, but

let's look a little bit deeper into how
they fit together into a kind of a chain

of negotiation.
Okay, what we can look at here is the very
first part of the negotiation which are

the goals and then after the goals,
you need to work on the strategy, after

the strategy, you need to work on the
issues, and after the issues you need to

work on the planning. So, these four parts
kind of fit together

before your negotiation begins, not doing
your negotiation,

this is not, this is not like steps to a
negotiation.

These are actually all inside every
negotiation at any time, these are all

inside so, you've got your goals, your
strategy, your issues, your planning, this

is all inside of a negotiation. Before
your negotiation begins however, if you

want to increase your chance to win, to
do better, before the negotiation you

think: what are my goals? What are my
strategies?

What are my issues that are important to
me? And what is my plan to win this

negotiation, or at least to get what I
want? Which is really the key point to

every negotiation, to get what your goals
are. So, every negotiation has these parts,

every, every negotiation has goal
strategies, issues and planning, but some

people don't do them well, some people
try to ignore them, they don't make a

plan, they just start talking maybe
that's kind of their plan to make people

confused by just talking a lot. But, you
win your negotiation by doing these

better so, in this unit were going to
focus on how do we do these better? And

in later units, we're going to focus on
each one in detail to show you how to do

that.
00:03:38,430 --> 00:03:42,780
Okay, you have some exercises in the book and I'd like you to go ahead, and look at

those exercises, give them a try. These
exercises aren't really hard and I

didn't make the exercises to make it hard
for you,

the goal is not to be hard, the goal in
fact it's not to take a test or to

get the right answer, the goal is to help
you think about these ideas for a

negotiation.
Why is this important? Because when you
negotiate, it's really key to get your

mind in the right perspective, to get
your mind in the right situation so that

you can win. That's a key point, so you
can win, so these exercises are made to

help you get ready to get your head in
the right space, to get thinking in the

right direction, and to remember some of
the words. It's not hard, it's easy but I want

you to start thinking this way, so do
some of these filling the gap exercises

which include these gap exercises, go
ahead and write up a short answer to

some of these topics on the next page,
like 123 and four down there 123 actually,

right? And I want you to begin to think about
negotiation, now before I let you go then,

let me go ahead and introduce a little
bit more about why we should begin to

think this way. Why for example, pull up my
slide here

00:05:20,840 --> 00:05:22,289
Okay,

why should we focus on
this part here? Why are there parts
of negotiation so important? Why do we

need to pay attention to these parts?
Well, let me begin by maybe just
reminding you of some negotiations

you've seen before, maybe you've gone to
the night market with your mother or

father or aunt, maybe you've gone to night
market with some friends, maybe you've

bought something, or you were with somebody
who bought something. You saw them

negotiate really hard, they really focus
they really argue, what you thought maybe was

arguing, but actually it was negotiation for
a long time. Now, the question is: if you

do go negotiate, how do you know that
you're getting something you want ?How do

you know that you win?
Let's say, I go to the night market and I
want to buy this cup here and I like

this cup then, so I ask the person in
the market and you know, what does this

cup doing? He says well, this cup is
great, he tells me the features you can

keep the hot tea hot, you can keep the
cold water cold, and has a top, and has a

really good handle on, it can last a long
time. I say: "how much is this cup sir?" And

he says: "this cup is maybe 100 NT dollars"
and so now, I need to think, do I want

to pay 100? Or do I want to negotiate
different price? Of course, if I can

negotiate a different price
what does that mean? If I negotiate a
price of 80 then I save 20, and that

person was selling to me, does he lose 20?
Well, he certainly makes 20 less than he
would have made if I paid 100, right? If I

paid 100 for this cup, the seller makes
100, the buyer spends 100. By paying 80, the

buyer spends 80, and the seller makes
80, 80 is 20 less but does he lose 20?

right?
You see, I don't know because I'm not the
seller, I don't know, we don't know the

price, we don't know the cost, right? So,
what happens when you negotiate in a

night market like that, if you say
something like I'll give you 80 very

often what does the salesperson says? He
says: "huh

It costs me 100, you'd make me lose,
lose 20, I would lose 20". This is
a very normal thing to say, right? and

then you say: "oh! I am sorry, I don't want you to
lose money ", right?

Do they really lose money? Well, we don't
know this is a key part negotiation, the

secret information is secret, we really
don't know. I guess we can check, we could

go call up the supplier and ask how much
one buys? If one wants to buy this

from the supplier, how much is it? Then we
would know, but we usually don't do that,

we don't know. So, I have no way to know
if the seller is going to really lose

money but I do know me, the buyer if I
pay 80 or I pay 100, the difference is 20 for

sure.
Now, the next question becomes what's the
value of this cup to me? What do I think

I get from this cup? Is it worth keeping
my tea hot? Is that worth 100? Was it

worth 80? Was it worth 50? Now, here's what
we begin to look at these ideas of the

goals, the strategies, the issues and the
planning, because if I think about it and

I say: "well, you know, I don't know, I don't
care, I just want to pay less, less is

better, right? Of course, if you could give
me this cup for free, that would be best.

I don't think, he's going to give me the
cup for free, but that would be best,

and so what do I do, I begin to negotiate
or in Taiwan we say ..... , right? Cut

down the price, argue with the price,
right? And then, sometimes people give you a

rule of thumb, like people save you
travel to China and you negotiate, always

cut the price in half, begin at half.
Well, what I'm saying is: how much is
this cup worth to me? Now, if i say 100

you know, Mmmh
I have another cup, it's okay, it's not as
good as this cup maybe, it doesn't really

keep my tea warm. So, maybe 100 is a little
bit too much, if it's 100 I just keep my

other cup, I don't need it. Now, if I want
80 and I say 80 is worth it, I'm

willing to pay 80, because I think
keeping my tea warm is worth the 80 and

my other cup doesn't work that good so
80 is my goal. Now, if my goal is 80 and

then I say: "Okay sir, you say 100 I'll
give you 80" and then the salesperson

says:" 80, okay".
Sold, what's your first reaction? Your
first reaction is huh,

I should have said 60, I said
80 but he gave it to me right away,

obviously I paid too much.
So, here we run into the key point of
negotiation. Of course, you can always

feel better, if you get a lower price and
of course, you will feel better if you

get something for less and this seller
makes less money. Of course, and when the

seller agrees very quickly ,you say: huh,
I should not have done that, why? Because the seller made more than he
expected, he was happy to make that, I
could have, I could have made the price

lower and he would have not been so
happy, and I would be more happy. So that

always happens, that's always true.
That's the problem in negotiation is: how
do you know if you win or lose?

How do you know if you did a good job or
a bad job? If you're just waiting for the

seller to say: "OhI okay, I'll give it to you
and that's a bad job, then you'll feel

bad. But, what about the cup? Does the cup
do what you want? Does the cup do what you

need?
Does this cup keep my tea hot? And is
that worth eighty dollars to me? If

that's worth eighty dollars and the
salesperson sold it to me for 80, what I

wanted was 80, then actually I should
think

good I got what I wanted, it's worth 80
to me for this Cup.

The thing I get keeping my tea warm,
better than my old cup that is worth 80

to me, if that's worth 80 to me then I
should feel I've won, I've been victorious,

I've done a good job, my negotiation is
successful.

Okay well, if I don't think 80 I just
think cut the price, cut the price, cut

the price.
How do I know I win? Well, I probably
never know I win, unless I get the cup for 0

which is impossible, I'm always going to
think I should have negotiated more. and

If I get the price down to 80, and I keep
pushing, no 70, I keep pushing no 60,

and maybe sell it to me for 60, I'm still
going to say: Oh! I should have held out

longer,
I should have cut that price more, I
should have gone for 40, right? So, in

negotiation, the very beginning of a
negotiation we don't really know what we

want,
that's not good and at the end of a
negotiation we don't know

did we win? Or did we lose?
did I do good? Or did I do bad? Do I need
to improve or should I just keep doing it

this way? On the other hand, at the
beginning of a negotiation if you set

your goal clearly, what is the value to
me? How much do I want to pay to get what

I get from this? Then you negotiate and
then you get it, if you get it you can

say I did a good job or I did a bad job.
If my value is 80, and I negotiate and the

salesperson only goes down to 90 then I
say, that's it I don't want it, because if

I pay 90 that is more than my value, if
he goes down to 80 then I got what I

wanted.
If the next person comes and they
negotiate behind me, and they get it for 70,

I should still think my goal was 80, I got it for 80 now maybe in the future, maybe in the
future when I negotiate another time, I
need to consider the value again

carefully maybe I thought the value was
more than its worth to me.

But for now, if I thought it was 80 and I
get 80 then that's my goal.

So, in negotiation it's important to
think beforehand, what are your goals,

strategies, issues? And then, that will
help you come up with your planning to

make a plan. If you have all of these
together, well thought out cause you

always have these in a negotiation maybe
you don't think about it ,maybe you don't

do it well, maybe you try to ignore it,
maybe you're just always trying to go for 0 which

is impossible.
Lower, lower is better, better I guess so
but what about your time? What about your

energy? And what about the thing you want
to get? So, maybe I argue and I just keep

saying lower, lower, 70, 70 and the man
says: "no, I won't give it to you for 70

and then what happens? I have to go home
and I have to use my old cup and then I

have to suffer another week or two weeks,
or three weeks using my old cup,

it doesn't keep my tea warm and I say : "Oh" ,that really make me angry, I went there, I
spent the time, I came back ,I got to use this
old cup and now, I feel it was worth 80.

Instead of fighting for 70, I should've
just paid 80, I think you have that

experience too, don't you?
I think we have both those experiences,
everybody you go somewhere, you bargain

the seller says: "okay, I'll give it to you
and you said" Oh! I bargained,

I gave up too fast, I bargain to
easily, I should have fought more or the

other hand, when you bargain really hard
and then you go home, you don't buy it,

then you keep regretting, I should've
bought it, I wasted time there, I got to

go back again and I feel that I
should have just bought it for the other

price. So goal, strategy, issues and
planning, this is what I want you to

begin to think about in this class,
don't just go to a strategy code and
begin no, think before hand, right? Number

one, you must have something in common,
he has a cup, I want a cup. Number 2, you
have to have something that's different.

I want to pay 80, he wants me to pay 100,
now you begin, now I think what are my

goals? What are my strategies? What are my
issues? What is my plan? Then I execute, when

I'm done, I can go back and say did I get
my goals? If I got my goals then that is a

a success, if I miss my goals, how much did
I miss by?

How much did I do? That's not good, did I
miss it by twenty percent? Did I missed

it by fifty percent? Did I miss it by ten
percent? Two percent? And then I can judge

it.
Okay, so that's our beginning of this class,
I want you to begin thinking that way,

thinking of goals.
Let's start with goals about that, that's
really a good idea, clear, clear goals not

just cut the price, cut the price, cut the
price.

Okay, see you next time in our negotiation
class.

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Follow Up Part 1

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Tony 2019 年 5 月 22 日 に公開
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