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[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: Hi, I'm Carl Azuz.
The first question we're
exploring today on CNN 10,

is China's government
holding masses of Chinese

Muslims in concentration camps?
That's what a US defense
official recently

announced at a news briefing.
The Uyghurs are a mostly
Muslim ethnic group,

and millions of
them live in China.

Historically they have not
had a great relationship

with the Chinese government,
and in recent years

the Chinese government
has detained large numbers

of Uyghurs, the US says as
many as 3 million of them

in massive camps.
Uyghurs who have been
released from these camps

say they're like prisons
aimed at getting rid of Uyghur

culture and religion
and instilling

it with propaganda from
China's communist government.

That government has repeatedly
denied holding large amounts

of Uyghur citizens.
China says it has set up what it
calls training centers that are

necessary to prevent
terrorism, and

a Chinese
government-run newspaper

says the nation's Xinjiang
region, where many Uyghurs

live, has been, quote,
"shielded from the flow

of international terrorism
like the attack that occurred

recently in Sri Lanka."
A Chinese government official
suggested that the US abandon

bias and, quote,
"stop interfering

in China's domestic affairs."
But an investigation by "The
Guardian," a British newspaper,

suggested that China has
destroyed dozens of mosques

since 2016.
And while China's
government officially

recognizes five religions,
including Islam,

that government is also
officially atheist.

And according to the Council
on Foreign Relations,

an American nonprofit research
group, China's government

exercises control over religion.
Christian pastors, for example,
have to undergo training

to make sure their
sermons are adapted

to Communist Party guidelines.
Reporting on the
struggles of Uyghurs

has challenges all its own.
China doesn't have the
same freedom of the press

as America does, so
American reporters

there have found
plenty of obstacles

in their investigations.
MATT RIVERS: So the CNN Beijing
bureau just spent a week

reporting in the Western
Chinese province of Xinjiang

and it's not an easy
place to do journalism.

So we wanted to show you a
little bit of what we went

through but, I think
more importantly,

tell you why that matters.
Xinjiang is the province where
the US says China has detained

up to 2 million people,
nearly all Muslims,

in camps over the
last few years.

Activists say Beijing has done
that to try and eliminate Islam

within its borders,
and ex-detainees

have told CNN they were
tortured inside while undergoing

political indoctrination.
China denies that and says
these camps aren't prisons

but voluntary
vocational training

centers that are being
used to not eliminate

Islam, only Islamic extremism.
Now China's government says that
Xinjiang is wide open for us

to freely report there.
Maybe in theory, but in
reality, that's just not true.

For example, upon landing
there, our welcome gift

was a government tail.
We've already been followed
by three or four guys,

including one of them who I've
seen follow us from the second

we got out of the baggage area.
That would be this man.
He and at least a dozen
others followed us every

single hour of our six-day trip,
never more than 20 feet away--

in the car, in the train
station, in the hotel,

in the room next to mine.
So it's a bit of an odd feeling
to be in your hotel room

at 1:00 in the morning and
knowing that on the other side

of this connecting door, which
leads to the room next door

to mine, there's at least
three, four of the guys

who have been
following us around

over the past couple days.
It felt like
intimidation tactics.

They wanted us to know that
we were being followed.

And then, of course, there
were the uniformed cops

that showed up at odd hours.
- We should check your
passport and visa.

MATT RIVERS: It's
almost 1:00 AM.

- It's an open door.
Yes.
Also, I'm at work here.
MATT RIVERS: I know,
but I was sleeping.

It just seems unnecessary.
- I'm sorry to bother you.
I'm sorry to bother you.
MATT RIVERS: OK.
- Sorry.
MATT RIVERS: OK.
So this is what happens when
you do journalism in Xinjiang.

I've lived here for
nearly four years,

and I've watched as things
have gotten tougher and tougher

for foreign journalists on all
types of different stories.

Xinjiang is probably just
the most extreme example.

But beyond just being followed,
there were the more obvious

attempts to try and
make sure that we saw

nothing they didn't want us to.
For example, a
highway we were on

was closed for hours due to an
accident nowhere to be seen,

not to mention
spontaneous roadblocks

that specifically
target foreigners

and ethnic minorities.
Our IDs were checked nearly
50 times in six days.

And the second you book a flight
or a train, the government

knows about it.
And you can tell that because,
well, government officials are

waiting for you upon arrival.
They clearly knew
we were coming.

They met us at the airport.
They're checking our visas.
They're telling us they
want to accompany us

for our own safety.
But really, this is
just stalling tactics.

They know it.
We know it, and yet this is
the game we have to play.

China's Ministry
of Foreign Affairs

say they don't know anything
about the harassment

we faced but said Xinjiang is,
quote, "open and hospitable."

The constant tails, the
constant harassment,

the constant delays, they're
more than just inconvenient.

They are specific tactics
China's government has

employed for a long time
to prevent journalists

from doing their jobs.
But in the last few years,
there is broad agreement

in the foreign
journalism community

here that it's gotten worse,
nowhere more so than Xinjiang.

The end result is that it's
nearly impossible to freely

report on the hundreds of
thousands of people that are

likely languishing
in camps right now,

and that means that
the rest of the world

can't really see
what's going on there.

This is one of the biggest
human-rights stories on earth,

and as we saw
firsthand, China is

actively trying to cover it up.
CARL AZUZ: 10-second trivia--
which of these landmarks
is the oldest--

Stonehenge, the Colosseum, King
Tut's tomb, or Chichén Itza?

To visit the oldest
monument on this list,

you'd have to travel to
Salisbury Plain, England,

where you'd find Stonehenge.
Archaeologists believe it
was built in stages starting

around 3,000 BC, but
part of Stonehenge

has been missing since 1958,
and it wasn't until this week

that its return was announced.
Stonehenge was constructed
with giant sarsen

stones, sandstone blocks that
are common in southern England.

In the 1950s, cracks were
found in one of the sarsens,

so its core was drilled
out, and metal rods were

put in it to keep it standing.
But what happened to that core?
An employee from the
company that helped

repair the sarsen held onto it.
He put it on the
wall of his office,

and the man eventually moved
to America, bringing the 3

and 1/2 foot core with him.
The night before he
turned 90 years old,

he decided to return
it to England,

and the company that
maintains the monument

says it hopes the
core will help them

understand more about the
prehistoric structure.

One thing archaeologists and
geologists don't know exactly

is where Stonehenge's
stones were mined.

There are at least
two other cores

that were drilled out of
Stonehenge in the 1950s,

but where those are,
like the monument itself,

remains a mystery.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
Back in the 1920s,
there was this fad

called flagpole sitting.
People would literally
climb up on flagpoles

and then just sit there,
sometimes for days or weeks.

Well, this happened
Thursday morning in Florida.

We're not sure exactly
why the bobcat climbed

to the top of an electric
pole and then just sat there,

but it was near a stretch of
road called alligator alley,

so maybe he was a scaredy cat.
Anyway, there's not
really a how-to manual

on getting a bobcat off a pole,
but a utility worker came along

with a pole of his own,
and after coaxing the cat

a few times, the
animal climbed down

the same way he climbed up.
Maybe firefighters can
coax cats from trees,

but it's not cat and
dry when its utilities.

It would be futility to try
to simply seize a wildcat

like he's a pet Siamese.
It took cat-like reflexes
and ambition for an animal

to claw up to the pole position.
But meow that he's down
and safe as a kitten,

they can say scat cat.
You ain't no electrician.
I'm Carl Azuz, and
Fridays are awesome.

[MUSIC PLAYING]
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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CNN 10| CNN Student News| May 10 2019

2097 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 5 月 10 日 に公開
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