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[CLOCK TICKING]
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: Welcome to CNN 10.
I'm Carl Azuz with
your down the middle

explanation of world events.
Today that begins with
Iran and the United States,

two countries that
are trying to ratchet

up pressure on each other.
On Wednesday, Iran
announced that it

would partially pull out of
an international nuclear deal

from 2015.
That deal was made
between Iran and six

other countries, led by
America's Obama administration.

Last year, the Trump
administration announced the US

would leave the agreement.
And yesterday, exactly
a year later, Iran

said it would reduce
what it called

its commitments to the deal
but not fully leave it.

Specifically, the
Middle Eastern country

says it plans to hold on
to some components of its

controversial nuclear program.
That's instead of selling
them to other nations

as Iran agreed to
do under the deal.

What the 2015 agreement
intended to do

was limit Iran's nuclear program
and allow inspectors to make

sure Iran was doing that.
In exchange, the US
and other countries

would lift their sanctions on
Iran, allowing tens of billions

of dollars to flow
into its economy.

Today, the Trump
administration wants

to get Iran to negotiate a deal
that American officials say

is more favorable to the US.
And until Iran does that,
the White House plans

to continue applying
pressure that it says

could cripple Iran's economy.
After Iran's announcement
that it would back away

from some terms of
the nuclear deal,

the Trump administration
announced new penalties

that aim to limit Iran's
sales of steel, aluminum,

and copper, a major source
of international revenue

for the nation.
Analysts say both
the US and Iran

are doing all this to try to
get the international community

to pick sides.
The US wants other
countries to join it

in leaving the nuclear
deal and pressuring

Iran to change its behavior.
Iran wants other countries
to join it in defying the US

and preserving the nuclear deal.
10 second trivia.
Which of these is not the
name of a transportation

network company that provides
ridesharing services?

Juno, Lyft, Via, or Appia?
[BEEPING]
Though Via Appia is the name
of an ancient Roman road,

the word Appia is not
a ride sharing service.

At least, not yet.
[WHOOSH]
Of course, Uber and Lyft
are the biggest ride

sharing companies in America.
And on Wednesday, one day
before Uber offered stock

for the first time on the
New York Stock Exchange,

many of its drivers around
the world went on strike.

And they were joined by some
drivers for Lyft and other ride

sharing companies.
Uber's initial public
offering on the stock market

could raise about $10
billion for the company.

And it's offering
its veteran drivers

a payout of between $100
and $10,000 depending

on how many trips they've
completed for the company.

They'll also have the choice
to use that money to buy

Uber's newly offered stock.
But drivers who've given
fewer than 2,500 trips

may not be eligible
to receive a payout.

And those who went on strike
yesterday, in general,

called for higher wages
and better job security.

On average, Uber drivers
are estimated to make

around $19 per hour in wages.
Some say it works
out to considerably

less than that once
fees, commissions,

and expenses are factored in.
Uber and Lyft say their drivers
are independent contractors.

What that means in many
cases is that they don't get

the same rights as employees.
But Uber also says it can't
succeed without its drivers.

The length of the strikes,
the timing of them,

and the specific
demands of the drivers

varied from city to city.
But this was expected
to be the biggest

internationally coordinated
effort so far against ride

hailing companies.
The number of drivers
who went on strike

and the results of the
strikes aren't known yet.

OK.
We're turning our attention now
to artificial intelligence, AI,

when computers are programmed
to imitate the human abilities

to learn and make decisions.
Like any new
technology, AI comes

with upsides and downsides.
Its supporters say machines are
less likely to make mistakes

and can sometimes complete
tasks faster than people.

Its critics say machines can't
always make accurate judgments

or think creatively, but
that they can replace jobs.

AI's applications in
the business world

clearly illustrate how these
pros and cons play out.

- Imagine an office
without internet.

Or a company with no computers.
Almost impossible, right?
One day, artificial
intelligence could have

that same revolutionary impact.
And the businesses that
start embracing it now

could benefit the most.
To most people, this
brand means beauty.

But lately L'Oreal
has been breaking

the mold not with cosmetics, but
its use of AI for recruitment.

- The French
corporation gets about

a million applications
for roughly

15,000 new positions each year.
And in a bid to better
manage that volume,

L'Oreal launched two
projects in partnership

with artificial
intelligence startups.

The first is Mya,
a chatbot that aims

to save recruiters time during
the first stage of hiring.

It vets candidates by
handling routine queries.

The second is an AI
software that scores

applicants based
on their answers

to open-ended questions.
Ava says that these
numbers aren't meant

to replace human
judgment, but rather

suggest people who might not
seem like the obvious choice.

- The trials are ongoing, but
starting to yield results.

For one internship, which
receives roughly 12,000 CVs

for about 80 spots, recruiters
saved 200 hours of time

while simultaneously hiring
the most diverse group to date.

- Recruitment is just
the tip of the iceberg.

Artificial intelligence
is reshaping nearly

every way in which we work.
Some aspects of business, like
human resources, marketing,

and customer
service, are already

in these early
transformative stages.

But the drones and
driverless cars

that will revolutionize
supply chains

and business models still belong
to a relatively distant future.

Despite AI's potential,
only 12% of organizations

used it last year in some
way according to an Adobe

survey of 13,000 professionals.
But an additional 30% planned on
employing it within 12 months.

Embracing emergent technology
is not without risk.

If AI fundamentally
reshapes how we work,

it has the power to do
so for better or worse.

ANAB JAIN: This technology
is coming into our lives.

It's definitely inevitable.
I just think that the binary
definitions that we are often

thrown our ways, that
it's good or bad,

is also open for discussion.
- As a futurist,
it's Anab Jain's

job to foster that discussion.
Her London-based studio
combines research and design

to create immersive
experiences which help

people visualize the future.
Last year, Superflux launched
a 48 hour installation

about the future of
work, which forced

CEOs, policymakers,
and educators

to consider two scenarios.
One in which AI contributes
to an automated society

that could potentially
have negative impacts.

And another, where
tech like AI makes

the world a better
place by freeing people

up for more creative tasks.
ANAB JAIN: It was
very important for us

to make them understand that
the trends that they talk about

could happen to them.
What would it be like to
lose your Job What are

the legacies you're leaving?
- Anab cautions that as
business leaders embrace AI,

they need to be careful.
Jobs will be lost, unfair biases
could be coded into machines,

and ethical questions abound.
But AI is still in its infancy
and while computers can now

make more decisions
than ever before,

it's the people who define
the impacts they have.

[GUITAR MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: It's been said that
when Bruce Banner gets mad,

he turns into the Hulk.
When the Hulk gets mad, he
turns into Chuck Norris.

And would Chuck
Norris gets mad, run.

Well, these people are
a-runnin', and Chuck

Norris is nearby.
But the American action
film star and martial artist

wasn't mad.
He was hosting a five kilometer
run in College Station, Texas

to benefit charity.
Around 5,000 runners
from the US and abroad,

many of them dressed
as Chuck Norris,

competed in the world's
first Chuck Norris 5K.

Standing at the finish line
was the legend himself.

And in addition to the
high five he gave them,

participants also
got the chance to try

to break the record for
most Chuck Norris lookalikes

in one place.
As usual, the winner
was Chuck Norris.

Runner, walker,
he's a Texas Ranger.

And even with all
those sidekicks,

he's a Delta Force of one who'd
never be missing in action,

because he's not expendable
for that kind of event.

I'm Carl Azuz reporting for
CNN, the Chuck Norris Network?

[MUSIC PLAYING]
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CNN 10| CNN Student News| May 9 2019

657 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 5 月 10 日 に公開
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