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[THEME MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: Hi.
I'm Carl Azuz.
Today's edition of "CNN 10"
begins in the Strait of Hormuz,

a narrow passage of water
between the Persian Gulf

and the Gulf of Oman.
This Middle Eastern Strait
which is 21 miles wide

is important to
the global economy.

About 30% of the world's
crude oil passes through it.

Now, a United States
carrier strike group has

been deployed to the strait.
It includes an aircraft carrier,
the USS Abraham Lincoln,

as well as destroyers, a
guided missile cruiser,

and a group of bomber aircraft.
Why are they all headed
to the Middle East?

It's to send a message
to the nation of Iran.

It forms the northern border
of the Strait of Hormuz,

and American officials say
they have specific and credible

intelligence that the Iranian
military and groups that

operate beneath it are
planning to target US forces

in Syria, Iraq, and at sea.
Tensions between Iran
and the US are soaring.

Last month, America declared
that part of Iran's military

is a foreign terrorist
organization,

and Iran responded by
declaring the US is

a state sponsor of terrorism.
Because America accuses
Iran of participating

in terrorist attacks
around the world,

it's trying to pressure
Iran to change its behavior.

And one way it's doing that
is by blocking Iran's revenues

from oil sales, which are the
main source of the country's

foreign income.
Iran has said it would continue
finding buyers for its oil

and using the Strait
of Hormuz to ship it.

It also directly warned
America not to block

or interfere with the strait.
But while American officials
say the US isn't seeking war

with Iran, it is prepared
to respond with, quote,

"unrelenting force to
any Iranian attacks on

American interests or allies."
Next today, a new
conversation is

taking place around events that
occurred 3/4 of a century ago.

While the diary of
Anne Frank has served

as an enduring and harrowing
account of the Holocaust,

the diary of Eva Heyman
is barely known at all.

It, too, involves a teenage
girl's true experiences

of Nazi persecution.
And like Anne Frank, Eva also
died in a concentration camp.

They were both among
the 6 million Jews

who perished in the genocide.
But there's a new interpretation
of Eva's experiences aimed

at a 21st century audience
on the 21st Century

Social Media platform.
And while not everyone agrees
with how it's being presented,

it is reaching
hundreds of thousands.

OREN LIEBERMANN: More than
70 years after the Holocaust,

there are a dwindling
few survivors

to pass on their memories.
Their stories commemorated
in documentaries and museums

amidst a fear their
lessons are fading.

EVA HEYMAN: Hi.
My name is Eva.
That's me.
OREN LIEBERMANN: Eva Heyman is
the new face of those lessons.

The 13-year-old Hungarian Jew
kept a diary in the last months

before she was deported
to Auschwitz in May 1944,

where she would die.
EVA HEYMAN: We are
surrounded by war,

but I'm always seeing the sun.
OREN LIEBERMANN: Her
story was all but

forgotten until Instagram
brought it back to life.

MATI KOCHAVI: We were
looking for a way

to deal with this memory
and manage this memory

in a way that is going to
be relevant for a younger

generation today.
OREN LIEBERMANN: Eva's diary
was reimagined on social media.

On March 31, 1944, she
wrote, "Today an order

was issued that from now
on, Jews have to wear

a yellow star-shaped patch.
The order tells exactly how
big the star patch must be,

and that it must be sewn on
every outer garment, jacket,

or coat.
When grandma heard this,
she started acting up again,

and we called the doctor."
The idea to bring the
diary to life on Instagram

was the brainchild
of Mati and Maya

Kochavi, who wanted
the Holocaust

to reach a younger generation.
MATI KOCHAVI: The diary
in general is very short.

It starts on February 12,
when it's her birthday.

On March, the Germans
invade into Hungary.

In May 30, she's already
on the train to Auschwitz.

So it's a journal--
it's a journal of 108 days.
That's all.
- I don't think we will see
sweet mother for some time.

OREN LIEBERMANN: Eva's
story was released

on the eve of Holocaust
Memorial Day in Israel.

By that time, it had hundreds
of thousands of followers.

Not everyone has been thrilled
with the Instagram story

advertised on billboards like
this here behind me all around

Tel Aviv.
Critics have said it
dumbs down the Holocaust,

and is a PR campaign
in bad taste.

Others have said it's
a very short distance

from a social media
campaign like this

to selfies at Auschwitz.
That was never the intent behind
Eva Heyman's story, of course.

MAYA KOCHAVI: Social
media, especially

Instagram, is shallow
if you're looking

for content that is shallow.
And if you're looking
for content that

is powerful, and has magnitude,
and can cause revolutions even,

you will very easily
find it there.

OREN LIEBERMANN: In her final
diary entry written three days

before she was
deported from Hungary,

she wrote, "Dear diary,
I don't want to die.

I want to live, even if it means
that I'll be the only person

here allowed to stay.
I would wait for the end
of the war in some cellar,

just as long as
they didn't kill me,

only that they
should let me live."

[THUD]
This was a way of
humanizing the Holocaust

for a modern audience,
and making it

more relevant to millennials.
It's the same message
of never again,

its creators insist, just
reimagined for a new generation

to learn.
Oren Liebermann, CNN, Jerusalem.
CARL AZUZ: 10-Second Trivia.
What do Ulysses,
Operation IceBridge

and Calypso all have in common?
Are they all James
Joyce stories,

NASA missions, Nintendo
games, or 1960s pop songs?

[BEEPING]
[WHOOSH]
These are all the
names of NASA missions

that were launched
starting in the '90s.

[ROCK MUSIC]
[ROCK MUSIC]
Of course, the most
famous NASA mission

is probably Apollo 11, when
American astronauts first

flew to and then set
foot on the moon.

That happened on
July 20, 1969, making

this year the 50th anniversary
of the historic accomplishment.

What sometimes gets
overlooked, though,

are NASA's other moon missions.
There were several of
them before the program

wrapped up in 1972, and they
provided history and humor

all their own.
[GENTLE MUSIC]
- 600 million
people watched Neil

Armstrong take those famous
first steps on the moon.

NEIL ARMSTRONG: That's
one small step for man--

- But after the Apollo 11
astronauts returned to Earth,

public interest in later
Apollo missions began to fade.

But the people who
continued to tune in

were treated to some
pretty special moments.

Astronauts took advantage
of their unique surroundings

to have a bit of fun.
During the Apollo 17 mission,
Eugene Cernan and Harrison

Schmidt sang their own rendition
of "The Fountain in the Park."

- (SINGING) I was
strolling on the moon

one day, in the very
merry month of December--

- May.
- May.
- The classic jumping photo.
It may have been attempted at
the last wedding you attended.

CHARLIE DUKE: Come on out
here and give me a salute.

- Well, during the
Apollo 16 mission,

astronaut Charlie Duke
captured John Young in midair

while saluting to the flag.
CHARLIE DUKE: OK,
here we go, a big one.

Off the ground.
One more.
There we go.
- It's since gone down as one
of the most famous Apollo photos

ever taken.
[ROCK MUSIC]
When they weren't
taking epic pictures,

Duke and Young got to drive
around in a Lunar Rover.

The electric buggies were used
on the last Apollo Missions 15,

16, and 17, and provided
astronauts a fast way

to cover large distances,
helping them make more

scientific discoveries
than they could on foot,

or just to do a
bit of joy riding.

- I thought the ride
was real sporty.

It bounced a lot.
Sometimes, both front
wheels were off the surface.

The back end is
like driving on ice

and breaking loose occasionally,
but it was a lot of fun.

- Back in the 16th century,
Galileo taught his students

that objects fall at the
same rate, regardless

of their size or mass.
That is, if they're
not restricted

by any resistance from the air.
DAVID SCOTT: Well, in my
left hand, I have a feather.

In my right hand, a hammer.
- Well, since the moon has
virtually no air to breathe,

Apollo 15 commander
David Scott decided

to test this experiment by
dropping a feather and a hammer

from the same height.
Lo and behold,
they did, in fact,

hit the ground at the same time.
DAVID SCOTT: How about that?
- And just for a little
fun, Alan Shepard brought

the head of a
6-iron and a couple

of golf balls aboard Apollo 14.
The head was
modified so he could

attach it to an instrument
that collected rock samples.

ALAN SHEPARD: I'm going to
try an old fan pass out here.

That should have gone probably
on the Earth maybe 30,

35 yards, but that little
rascal went over 200 yards.

With a one-handed shot like
that, it was in the air.

The time of flight
was almost 35 seconds.

Miles and miles and miles.
- These lighter moments
punctuated the main mission

of scientific exploration.
But perhaps the
most enduring images

are the ones when the astronauts
actually looked back at Earth.

This one taken on Apollo 17, the
last time man was on the moon.

It's known simply as
"The Blue Marble."

CARL AZUZ: It's hard to
get Apollo over that truly

Earthtastic image.
It makes you moony-eyed.
It's like someone
hung the moon and then

made a world of difference
by taking a picture from it.

You can see why it stars
on so moony posters.

Sometimes, a little space
is all you need to see

how beautiful the world can be.
I'm Carl Azuz for CNN.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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CNN 10| CNN Student News| May 8 2019

560 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 5 月 10 日 に公開
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