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CARL AZUZ: On this
last day of April,

we thank you for
taking 10 for "CNN 10."

I'm Carl Azuz at the CNN Center.
Our first story.
In a part of Africa that's still
reeling from a cyclone that

made landfall in March,
government officials

are now getting an
idea of the destruction

by a second major storm.
This one was named
Cyclone Kenneth.

It hit Mozambique
late last week.

At that time, its wind speeds
were 140 miles per hour.

That's the equivalent of a
Category 4 hurricane out of 5,

but Kenneth was
the most powerful

storm ever to hit Mozambique.
The nation's government
says almost 3,400 homes

have been destroyed, and
more than 18,000 people

are displaced.
At least 38 people died.
One uniquely destructive
thing about Cyclone Kenneth,

it's slow.
When a hurricane, or cyclone,
doesn't pass over an area

quickly, it can drop even more
rain than it normally would,

and that can make
flooding even worse.

Over the course of this
week, forecasters expect

up to 20 inches of more rain.
Save the Children, an
international aid group,

says survivors in
areas of heavy damage

need food, water,
and shelter urgently.

But workers haven't been
able to get to some areas

because rivers have
flooded and covered roads.

Cyclone Kenneth
killed four people

on the island nation of Comoros,
which is about 100 miles east

off the coast of Mozambique.
The Mozambican
island of Ibo looks

like it took a direct hit.
Mozambique is not
a wealthy country.

More than 46% of its
population is estimated

to live in poverty, and
natural disasters like this

are part of the reason.
major cyclones to hit

Mozambique in just a matter
of weeks, it's unprecedented.

And of course, as
the country tries

to recover from the devastating
impact of Cyclone Idai,

another stronger storm hits the
northern parts of Mozambique.

Cyclone Kenneth hit the country
in the early hours of Friday

morning, and Mozambicans
woke up to strong winds

and heavy rainfall.
But two major cities that
are very densely populated

in the northern
parts of Mozambique

were not as severely impacted.
The eyewitness accounts
and, of course, businesses

that we spoke to say that it
wasn't as bad as they feared,

and it's basically
business as usual.

But it's 80 kilometers
north of Pemba

where the catastrophe did
occur on the island of Ibo.

According to a resort manager
there, 90% of the homes

were totally destroyed
on the island.

And it seems that that is
where the eye of the storm

passed through.
Now, remember that
this part of Mozambique

isn't as densely populated
as the rest of the country.

It's also very remote.
We're talking about villages
that are not easily accessible.

CARL AZUZ: 10-second trivia.
Which of these countries
borders the sea of Okhotsk?

China, Kazakhstan,
Ukraine, or Japan?

This body of water is
surrounded mostly by Russia,

but is also bordered
by Northern Japan.

Emperor Akihito was the
first Japanese royal

to marry a commoner.
He was the first Japanese
emperor to visit China,

Thailand, and the Philippines.
And today, he becomes Japan's
first royal in 200 years

to abdicate to
give up his throne.

The role of Emperor
is symbolic in Japan.

The decision-making
power lies in the hands

of its elected politicians.
But as that symbol
of national unity,

Emperor Akihito
has been popular,

and many Japanese are
sad to see him step down.

In a rare televised
address in 2016,

the Emperor said he was worried
that his age and fitness

level would make it harder for
him to carry out his duties

as he had until then.
The next year,
Japan's parliament

passed the law that allowed him
to abdicate if he wanted to.

And on Wednesday, his
son, Crown Prince Naruhito

will become the 126th Emperor to
ascend to Japan's Chrysanthemum

Throne, the name given to
both the Emperor's position

and to his seat used during
the coronation ceremony.

Prince Naruhito

inherits the Chrysanthemum
Throne at a time

of transition for Japan.
Once the region's
economic powerhouse,

today, the Japanese
economy is struggling,

the population aging, and
the workforce shrinking.

The royal family
is also shrinking.

Women are leaving and giving
up their official duties.

The law says if a woman
marries anyone outside

of her own 18-member
imperial family,

she automatically
becomes a commoner.

A man keeps his royal
status for life.

As each princess marries
and becomes a commoner,

the royal family
keeps shrinking,

fewer people to fulfill
all the responsibilities.


exactly right,

and I believe that a certain
number of imperial family

members are needed,
as the number

has been decreasing rapidly.
WILL RIPLEY: Japan used to
have many noble families,

but after the war, just one.
Now, they're the
royal equivalent

of an endangered species.
Japan also used to
allow women to sit

on the Chrysanthemum Throne,
but that was centuries ago.

Today, it's a different story.
The crown prince and
princess only have one child,

17-year-old Princess Aiko.
Under current law, she cannot
ascend to the throne so her

cousin, 12-year-old Prince
Hisahito, will be second

in line after the abdication.
Conservative commentator
and imperial author

Tsuneyasu Takeda argues
against women reigning again.

The reason?
Preserving the male bloodline
of the world's oldest

continuous hereditary monarchy.
Why is it necessary for
the emperor to be a male?


it's essential to know

why the emperor is an emperor.
I think it's very important that
an emperor, historically, is

of the principle of pedigree.
WILL RIPLEY: But does that
mindset put the whole existence

of the royal family at risk?
I mean, what if there
isn't a male heir?

What if a male isn't born?
Then what?

INTERPRETER: This male-line
succession has been in effect

for more than 2,000 years.
There were some periods when
succession became difficult,

but historically, they
solved the problem

not by putting a daughter
or sister of the emperor

on the throne, but by
bringing in someone

who had the male
line pedigree, even

if he was a distant relative.
the Japanese public

continue to accept an imperial
family perceived by some

as outdated, out of touch?
The Japanese government will
soon discuss whether succession

law needs to change.
Some argue if it doesn't,
the imperial family

faces an uncertain future.
CARL AZUZ: When someone is set
to receive an organ transplant,

doctors have only a
matter of hours to get

the organ to the recipient.
Kidneys, lungs, and liver
simply don't survive very

long when being transferred.
Many human organs are
transported on airplanes,

but some researchers are
testing out drones as a way

to speed up the process.
There are a number of
obstacles to doing this.

For one thing, the most recent
test, which was successful,

only covered a couple miles.
Experts say drones
would need engines,

not batteries, in order to
carry an organ cross-country.

Drone technology is
still relatively new.

There are concerns about
how reliable it is.

And the Federal Aviation
Administration still has

strict rules concerning drones.
Also, some wouldn't be able
to lift the machines that keep

organs functioning,
and special coolers

will have to be developed
to safely transport them.

Still, the technology
could save lives.

West Baltimore,

a drone carrying a
human organ launches.

It lands 2.8 miles
away at the University

of Maryland Medical Center.
- Confirming homos active.
Temperature's appropriate.
Organ doesn't appear
to be injured at all.

NATASHA CHEN: The kidney
is then successfully

transplanted into a
patient, saving her life.

The first-of-its-kind voyage has
the potential to revolutionize

the organ transplant process.
- This will have a direct impact
on improving patient outcomes

where time is critical.
NATASHA CHEN: When performing
an organ transplant,

figuring out how to
get it to the recipient

quickly is often the
most complicated part.

Any delays can destroy
the organ's viability.

- The system is broken
and it needs to be fixed.

It takes too long, it is unsafe,
and it is way too expensive.

new technology has

the potential to
make it cheaper,

faster, and more reliable.
It could also widen
the donor organ pool

and improve access for
people in rural communities.

The University of Maryland is
now working with three organ

procurement organizations
across the country

to slowly begin
implementing drone use.

I'm Natasha Chen reporting.
- All right.
Over to you, doctor.
CARL AZUZ: Yoga with
baby goats, 10 out of 10.

A person who took
part in this said

she figured it'd be,
quote, "yoga with goats

running around," and
that's pretty much what

it was at this event in Kansas.
Now, the animals do
tend to get in the way,

and that's all part of the fun.
And the farm representative
says your hair

and clothes are at risk of
getting a serious nibble.

But if you don't mind a
downward-facing goat with

your Downward Facing
Dog, then you'll probably

want to "nama-stay" for more.
You'll sub breathing for
bleeding, posture for pasture,

agility for futility.
If this very idea
gets your goat and you

feel like you got a bad
workout, hey, at least

you'll have a scapegoat.
I'm Carl Azuz for "CNN 10."


[CNN 10] April 30, 2019

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