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CARL AZUZ: With the
fire out in Notre Dame,

French officials
and historians are

combing through the cathedral
to take stock of what's left.

There was a lot safe.
The two towers and
facade at the front,

what many people envision
when they think of Notre Dame,

they're still standing.
A Paris city hall spokesperson
says the cathedral's most

treasures were saved,

including what Notre Dame calls
its most precious and venerated

relic, a crown of thorns
which many believe

is the crown of
thorns that was placed

on the head of Jesus Christ.
The chaplain of the
Paris fire service

is being called a
hero for rescuing

that and other artifacts.
And the cathedral's
great organ is safe.

Scores of the
relics that survived

were taken to the Louvre Museum.
What was lost-- the cathedral's
spire, large parts of its roof,

and its ancient vaulted ceiling.
The central part of the
building was damaged.

The Paris Fire
Brigade says it's not

known yet what caused the fire.
A French government spokesman
says it could be months

before the full scope
of the damage is known,

and a restoration expert expects
it'll take 10 to 15 years

to fully rebuild Notre Dame.
The Vatican has offered
its technical expertise

in restoring the
medieval Catholic church.

And as far as funding goes,
French philanthropists

and businesses have pledged
more than $700 million

in donations to
restore the cathedral.

That gives you one sense of
what Notre Dame means to France.

Here's another--
Victor Hugo's novel,

"The Hunchback of
Notre Dame," became

the best-selling
book on Amazon France

shortly after the
fire took place.

A different edition
of the same novel

was the second
best selling book.

For a third sense of the
building's significance,

here's CNN's Phil Black.
PHIL BLACK: How do you
measure the profound value

of one old building to a
nation or to the world?

Perhaps when people stop
in the street to weep

and pray because of its
partial destruction--

when the French president
openly shares their grief.


PHIL BLACK: And efforts to save
it are broadcast everywhere.

Notre Dame is among the most
famous of famous buildings.

13 million people
visit every year.

Countless more stand before it,
tilt their heads up, and gaze

at the extraordinary vertical
scale, the vast rose windows,

and the many ornate sculptures
guarding its exterior--

gargoyles, saints,
and angels, all

the features that
make it a masterpiece

of the Gothic style.
But few visitors saw this.
PHIL BLACK: A 2018 special
broadcast by local network,

France 2, showed these images
of the centuries old woodwork

supporting the roof.
There's so much oak here it's
known as the forest of Notre

Dame, the same timber structures
that would, just a few months

later, feed a fire
that threatened

to destroy the whole cathedral.
Notre Dame, our Lady of Paris,
has stood since the 1200s,

a building in constant
evolution as artists

and craftsmen altered and
repaired the structure

and its decoration.
The towering timber spire
now lost to the flames

was added in the 1800s.
Often a symbol and reflection
of French political power,

the cathedral was vandalized
through the French Revolution

while Napoleon Bonaparte used
it to reinstate monarchic rule

with his coronation as emperor.
Later, French
Republican leaders,

the nation's presidents,
were honored here, too.

This service was for military
hero and statesman Charles de

Notre Dame survived the
violence and occupation of war.

More recently, terrorist
attacks in Paris

saw it become a focus
for the nation's grief.

An inspiration for artists
across many art films,

none more important
than Victor Hugo's novel

published in English, as "The
Hunchback of Notre Dame."

Before the flames,
time and weather

were the cathedral's determined
and powerful enemies.

Desperately needed restoration
work was already underway.

Now, saving Notre Dame
has become a critical goal

for all of France.
In a place famed for
beautiful old buildings,

one stood above all others as
an icon of the nation's story,

and the French people are
not ready to let it go.

Phil Black, CNN, London.
CARL AZUZ: The next US
presidential election is more

than a year and a half away.
So why would we address
it this far out?

Because 20 candidates
already have.

US President Donald
Trump, a Republican,

has filed his
re-election paperwork.

He did it the day he was
sworn into the presidency.

In recent months, one
Republican and 18 Democrats

have officially announced
they're challenging

President Trump for the job.
And there are several other
Democrats who are thinking

about joining the race.
This all culminates in
the presidential election

on November 3, 2020.
And along the way, voters,
events, travel, and a lot

of money all come into play.
to run for president.

Being president makes you the
single most powerful person,

man, or woman in the world.
But it's also a
multi-year commitment

that forces you to give
up your personal life

and any sense of privacy.
And then, about half the
country is going to hate

you, no matter what you do.
The Constitution has
only three requirements--

natural born citizen,
at least 35 years old,

14 years residing in
the United States.

But there's so much more to it.
First, there's the
primary process.

Since only Republicans
or Democrats

are seen as serious candidates,
you have to choose a party

and get popular in that party.
An inspirational biography
helps, maybe some years

as governor or senator--
although, even a few mayors
think they're ready this year

and a congressman who
lost a Senate race.

It might not matter, since
the current president

had zero government
experience when he ran.

You spend nearly a
year bouncing back

and forth from Iowa
to New Hampshire

to South Carolina to Nevada.
If you're not with
voters, you're

raising money, and raising
money, and raising money.

It takes millions to
mount a serious bid,

and you can only raise $2,700
per donor for the primary

and $2,700 per donor for
the general election,

if you get that far.
Hillary Clinton raised
and spent almost a billion

dollars losing to Donald Trump.
He raised much less, but
primaries are expensive, too.

Bernie Sanders
spent $222 million

on his 2016 primary loss.
Why is it so expensive?
You've got to have an army
of staffers and volunteers.

You have to buy TV
ads, internet ads.

In a general
election, you're going

to spend every waking hour
in Pennsylvania, Florida,

Michigan, maybe Ohio, Colorado.
If you want to win, you should
probably visit Wisconsin.

There are debates, and
town halls, and interview,

after interview,
after interview.

And then, if you win,
you get to be president.

You get to live
above the office.

You get to try to work with
Congress to get something done.

Oh, and you're going to
have to start running

for re-election on day 1.
CARL AZUZ: 10 second trivia.
Before the US Air Force
became an independent branch

of the military, under which
branch was it organized--

Army, Navy, Coast
Guard, or Marine Corps?

The US Air Force started as
the Aeronautical Division

of the US Army's Signal Corps.
Dubai United Arab
Emirates is a desert,

so there's not much rain.
But when there is and it's
accompanied by thunder,

the Burj Khalifa, the
world's tallest building,

becomes a lightning rod.
The massive jolts of electricity
were diverted down to earth.

Nobody was hurt,
but plenty of people

shared video and pictures,
including Dubai's Crown Prince.

It's not just lightful,
it's delightful.

An illuminating jolt that brings
both felicity and electricity,

it sparks conversation
and concern.

It draws both a
crowd and a cloud.

It's a power trip
that trips power,

transformers and bringing

a shock to all who sees it!
I'm Carl Azuz, lighting up
another edition of "CNN 10."



[CNN 10] April 17, 2019

1440 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 4 月 22 日 に公開


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