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[TICKING]
[THEME MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: Happy Monday, or
at least, hey, it's Monday.

I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.
We're headed up north
on today's show.

You mean like Michigan?
Father.
Saskatchewan?
Father.
We're taking you to a part of
Russia that's above the Arctic

Circle, a place where Russia has
a new military base, one of 475

military sites that
the nation says it's

built in the past six years.
Dozens of them are located
along the nation's arctic coast.

Several countries claim parts
of the Arctic as their own,

and Russia wants to
dominate the region.

Why?
Several reasons.
One of them is oil and gas.
Scientists say the
Arctic has huge reserves

of these resources
beneath its ice.

It's rich in minerals and fish.
It's also the site of the
Northern Sea Route, a shipping

lane that significantly
reduces the time

it takes to sail or ship
goods from Europe to Asia.

The route passes through
Russian territorial waters,

and that country
wants to control it.

It's worked to develop
the Northern Sea Route.

And as of this month, Russia
requires foreign ships

that use it to
give notice, carry

a Russian official aboard, and
pay increased transit fees.

Russian president Vladimir
Putin calls the Arctic

the most important
region that will provide

for the future of his country.
All this has caught the
attention of the US.

The Coast Guard wants to
build a new heavy icebreaker,

and the American
government is discussing

its own arctic strategy.
But in several ways, its
rival across the Bering Sea

appears to have a head start.
FREDERIK PLEITGEN: Racing north
across the frozen arctic sea

on a Russian army chopper.
The Russians are
making a huge effort

to upgrade their military
infrastructure in the Arctic.

Several their bases are
already fully operational.

And right now, they're
flying us to one

of their most modern ones.
They call the space
Northern Clover.

The Russian army has already
deployed coastal defense

rockets here and specialized
arctic antiaircraft systems

built to perform in the cold.
- [SPEAKING RUSSIAN] .
TRANSLATOR: This
complex is adapted

for much harsher weather
conditions of the Arctic.

It works in temperatures as
low as negative 50 degrees.

FREDERIK PLEITGEN: It's all part
of Vladimir Putin's long term

strategy to dominate the Arctic.
The space has a clear mission--
to defend and enable Russia's

interests in the Arctic north.
The Northern Clover base
is in a strategic location

in Russia's arctic far east.
It seems remote, until you
look at the world from the top

and see that this base is
one of Russia's closest to US

territory.
The base can house
up to 250 soldiers.

Aside from its weapons
arsenal, it also

has high powered radars to make
sure America and its allies

don't come close.
Russia is pouring
major resources

into its arctic endeavor.
It's the only country with a
fleet of nuclear icebreakers

to open up and control
arctic trade routes that

could make trade between
Asia and the West

much faster and cheaper.
And Russia is already tapping
into natural resources

in the Arctic, like liquid
natural gas, even deploying

floating nuclear power stations
to fuel its arctic ambitions.

- [SPEAKING RUSSIAN].
TRANSLATOR: Our base
performs radar control,

monitors the airspace, secures
the Northern Sea Route,

and eliminates damage
to the environment.

FREDERIK PLEITGEN: While Moscow
is expanding and fortifying

its position in this vital
area, America and its allies

lack even the same ice breaking
power of Russia's fleet.

Fred Pleitgen, CNN,
on Kotelny Island

in Russia's arctic north.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: 10 second trivia--
In the early 1900s,
Frederick McKay became known

for his research into what?
Fluoride and teeth,
compression and engines,

x-rays and bone health,
or telegraph and wiring?

McKay was a dentist whose
work examined the effects

of fluoride on teeth.
He noticed that too much
fluoride caused stains

on the teeth of children
in part of Colorado,

but that it also protected
their teeth from decay.

A debate over this
continues to this day.

The US Food and
Drug Administration

is considering a lower limit on
the amount of fluoride that's

allowed in bottled water.
Fluoride is often added
to bottled and tap water

to prevent cavities,
and this is in addition

to the fluoride that's added
to toothpaste and mouthwash

and provided at dentist offices.
Currently, the FDA
allows bottled water

with added fluoride
to contain between 0.8

and 1.7 milligrams per liter.
The new standard would
limit that to 0.7 milligrams

of fluoride per liter.
But too much fluoride,
especially for children whose

adult teeth are
still forming, can

lead to a problem called
dental flurosis, when

white patches form on teeth.
In extreme cases, this can
cause pits in the teeth.

And some studies outside
the US have suggested

that pregnant women
with higher amounts

of fluoride in their
bodies can have

children with lower IQ scores.
Some scientists say the new
FDA limits on bottled water

with fluoride don't
go far enough,

that the limit should be lower.
The American Dental Association,
which supports adding fluoride

to water, says the FDA's
proposal would still

work to prevent tooth decay.
The new rule has not
been finalized yet.

In Los Angeles, California, it's
about one mile from Judge Craig

Mitchell's office at the
county courthouse to the area

where the city's largest
homeless population stays.

It's known as Skid Row.
And that's where, since
2012, hundreds of people

have taken strides
with the Skid Row

running club, part
of the reason why

Judge Mitchell is a CNN Hero.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CRAIG MITCHELL: It's
a dangerous place.

People approach me, asking
if I want to buy drugs.

I've been physically assaulted.
[PANTING]
I'm a Superior Court judge.
When I run from the courthouse
to the Midnight Mission,

on either side of
every sidewalk,

I personally look at
hundreds of people

who are living on the street
or in temporary shelters.

It's grim, and it's
not getting better.

Hey, there.
- Good morning.

How are you?
CRAIG MITCHELL: Good morning.

Back in 2012, I
started a running club

with people who are
recovering from addiction

and homelessness.
We have another 15 miler
before the marathon.

OK.
So really do your best
to make those long runs.

It started out very humbly--
two to three runners.
OK, let's do it.
But as the program
grew over the years,

we now will bring
30 to 40 runners out

on any given morning.
We run now three days
a week, then we do

our long runs on the weekends.
Everybody's running.
Running is a mechanism
for the participants

to build relationships.
When the word got out, people
came out of the woodwork--

lawyers, social workers,
people from all different walks

of life were intrigued
with the idea.

This is the one time I'm
at the front of the pack.

We have used that
core group of people

to provide a tremendous
number of opportunities

for our runners who
are in recovery.

- It's getting our
stride back on.

Here we come, the
midnight runners!

CRAIG MITCHELL: OK, good job.
We affirm.
We listen.
We support.
For the marathon,
everybody gets new shoes.

OK?
So that'll work.
It shows what open minded
people, who really care

about each other, how they
can treat one another,

and it's a lesson
in and of itself.

- No matter how bad
your head's going

or what's going on, show up.
Things will happen.
You think you've got
it hard, show up.

Things will happen.
- I got two job
offers in Seattle.

I just want to say thank you so
much for all that you've done.

You're amazing.
CRAIG MITCHELL: There's
so many individual stories

that keep me getting up
at 3:30 in the morning.

- The admissions committee
carefully reviewed

your application and
concluded that you

would be a wonderful
addition to the conservatory.

I accepted.
I'm in.
CRAIG MITCHELL: People who have
attended college, people who

are now pursuing professions.
With respect to count two, the
court imposed 25 years to life.

I address some really
horrible crimes.

It's a wonderful solve to what
I have to do here in court.

[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: Time to suit up and
dive into our "10 out of 10"

segment.
You are looking at what will be
the deepest pool in the world.

It's currently being
built in a town

about 30 miles from
the capital of Poland.

It'll be 45 meters,
or 148 feet, deep.

It'll hold three times
the amount of water

of an average 25 meter pool.
It's got 1,100 tons of
steel to contain it.

And it'll have a
tunnel and hotel

rooms for people
who want to stay dry

while they watch others swim.
You got to really
plumb the depths

to build a dive like that.
Oh, sure.
Some won't jump in, thinking
they're too cool for school,

but others would be fish out
of water if they didn't strain

their funds, drain
their piggy bank,

and sink their money chlorine
to a trip that lets them get

in the swimming Speedo,
down to the bottom of a well

that makes a splash
and soaks them

in a scuba of unfiltered fun.
Going deep for news and puns.
I'm Carl Azuz.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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[CNN 10] April 8, 2019

1714 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 4 月 8 日 に公開
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