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[POP MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: It's been
70 years since NATO,

the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization was formed.

The world's changed
a lot since then.

The NATO alliance has
grown a lot since then.

And yesterday's visit by
its leader to the US capital

is our first subject
on today's show.

Even though the United States
was a founding member of NATO

in 1949, Wednesday
was the first time

that a NATO Secretary
General ever addressed

the US House and Senate.
During a speech that promoted
the organization itself

and the unity of its
members, Jens Stoltenberg

acknowledged that NATO countries
have their disagreements.

But he said they've
overcome them in the past,

and they'll have to do it
again, because the challenges

that NATO faces can't be
addressed by one country alone.

JENS STOLTENBERG:
Questions are being asked

on both sides of the
Atlantic about the strength

of our partnership.
And yes, there are differences.
This is democracy.
Open discussions
and different views

is not a sign of weakness.
It is a sign of strength.
NIC ROBERTSON: What is NATO?
Why is it important,
and what's its future?

[DELICATE MUSIC]
The North Atlantic
Treaty Organization

is a political and military
alliance established in 1949

that seeks to promote stability
in the North Atlantic area.

- It is the will of the people
of the world for our freedom

and for our peace.
NIC ROBERTSON: Led by Secretary
General Jens Stoltenberg,

there are 29 member countries,
and its HQ is in Brussels.

NATO doesn't have
its own troops,

but relies on
contributions of forces

from its member countries.
At NATO's core is
Article V, which

states an attack
on one member is

an attack on all NATO allies.
The collective
defense principle was

to protect Western
European nations

against the Soviet Union.
But when the Soviet
Union collapsed,

NATO's new tasks ranged
from being a bulwark

against al-Qaeda in Afghanistan
to fighting human trafficking

and intercepting refugees
in the Mediterranean.

NATO is still extremely active,
with some 4,000 US troops

in Poland and the Baltic
states, and tens of thousands

on 48-hour standby,
bolstering NATO's allies

and sending a clear
message to Russia.

[THEME MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: Secretary
General Stoltenberg's speech

on Wednesday came a day after
he met with US President Donald

Trump at the White House.
And Stoltenberg referred to the
American leader in his speech.

President Trump's been
skeptical of NATO and the past.

The defense alliance recommends
its members spend at least 2%

of their gross domestic
product on defense.

Only seven out of
29 actually do that.

The US does, and
Stoltenberg credits

President Trump with getting
other members to spend more.

Despite that and other
international disagreements

over its policies,
NATO has lasted longer

than any other defense
alliance in recorded history,

and several international
analysts say it's the most

successful alliance, too.
Next story, India has kicked off
what's been called the world's

largest democratic exercise.
That exercise is voting.
And with a government that's a
federal parliamentary republic

and a population of
1.3 billion people,

India is considered the
world's largest democracy.

In this election, about
900 million people

are eligible to vote.
To give you a sense
of that number,

it's almost three times
the entire population

of the United States.
In order to give that
many people the chance

to cast ballots, India plans
to open about 1 million polling

stations across the country, and
more than 10 million officials

will be working to manage them.
The election will take
more than a month.

So what exactly will
voters be choosing?

545 seats have to be
filled in India's lower

house of parliament,
and all but two of them

are elected by a
simple majority vote.

The others are appointed
by the president.

The party that wins the
majority in this election

forms the government that will
rule for the next five years.

But India has hundreds
of political parties.

So if a single one
doesn't win enough seats,

then a coalition or
alliance can form to choose

the nation's prime minister.
During the last general
election in 2014,

464 political parties took part.
And if that sounds
like a lot, consider

the number of candidates.
There were more
than 8,250 of them.

Lawmakers help determine what
happens in India and in space.

AMARA WALKER: India
is riding high

after a successful
anti-satellite missile

test last week.
But new concerns may bring
them back down to Earth.

Last Wednesday, India destroyed
one of its own satellites

operating in a low orbit using
a ground-to-space missile, an

accomplishment hailed by India.
INTERPRETER: India
has registered

its name as a space power.
AMARA WALKER: Only
the US, Russia,

and China have
successfully carried out

anti-satellite missile tests.
But India's move has
been strongly criticized

by NASA's top official, who
says debris from the test

is a threat to the
International Space Station.

JIM BRIDENSTINE: That is
a terrible, terrible thing

to create an event
that sends debris

in an apogee that goes above
the International Space Station.

And that kind of activity is
not compatible with the future

of human spaceflight.
AMARA WALKER: NASA says they
have identified 400 pieces

of space debris from the
test, and the chances

of small particles
hitting the ISS

have increased by 44%
over the next few days.

But they also
point out that they

have everything under control.
JIM BRIDENSTINE: While
the risk went up 44%,

our astronauts are still safe.
The International Space
Station is still safe.

If we need to
maneuver it, we will.

AMARA WALKER: India says it
expects the objects to burn up

soon, and conducted the
test at a lower altitude

so the debris would dissipate
quickly into the atmosphere.

ARUN JAITLEY: In this
case, our scientists

have taken all precautions.
And in a matter of three
weeks, the whole environment

will be debris-free.
AMARA WALKER: NASA says
the process takes time.

In 2007, China
conducted a similar test

at a higher altitude,
creating one of the largest

debris clouds in
history, much of which

is still circling overhead.
Amara Walker, CNN
[PLAYFUL MUSIC]
[THEME MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: If you're hoping
to see a Komodo dragon

in its native
habitat anytime soon,

you'd better do it
before next January.

The government of Indonesia,
where Komodo Island is located,

reportedly plans to close it
to tourists for the year 2020.

It's a popular destination, but
Komodo dragons are considered

to be a vulnerable
species, and several people

were arrested last month and
accused of smuggling them.

Authorities say 41 Komodo
lizards were illegally

taken from the island and
sold in other countries

for $35,000 each.
They don't make good pets.
Komodos can grow
up to 10 feet long

and weigh more than 150 pounds.
They're the largest
lizards in the world,

and their bite is so venomous
that it can kill someone.

During the island's closure,
Indonesian officials

hope to preserve
the lizards' habitat

and help their population grow.
[ROCK MUSIC]
At first, it may
look like a flock

of birds, a really bright,
colorful, artificially

lighted flock.
But surprise, it's drones.
The technology company Intel put
on a show to kick off a summit.

You're looking at 500
shooting star drones.

They're lightweight and
have LEDs that you can see.

Intel says all they can
really do is light up the sky,

but that they do
that really well.

The display took place
recently over Phoenix, Arizona.

As long as they all work, it's
a bright idea, a reflection

of illuminating
technology that plays

like a semiconducted
light orchestra.

But no one would give them props
if they were to get their wires

crossed and go boom.
Raining drones make
for a bad forecast,

a worse spin class, and a
generally cathodius experience.

We're glad no one
crashed the party.

I'm Carl Azuz, and that's CNN.
[POP MUSIC]
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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[CNN 10] April 4, 2019

592 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 4 月 8 日 に公開
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