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[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: With less than a week
to go before a major election

in Israel, we're spelling
out its significance

today on "CNN 10."
I'm Carl Azuz.
It's great to see
you this Wednesday.

Israel is America's closest
ally in the Middle East.

Its prime minister,
Benjamin Netanyahu,

was first elected
to the job in 1996.

He's served on, and off,
and on again since then.

And if this year's vote
goes his way again,

he'll become Israel's
longest-serving prime minister

ever.
But he's facing a number
of difficult challenges

this time around.
One of them is that the
nation's attorney general

says he plans to
charge Prime Minister

Netanyahu with corruption.
The Israeli leader denies
doing anything wrong

and calls the investigation
a politically-motivated witch

hunt.
In fact, he's made it
a major campaign issue.

His main opponent
in the election,

former military chief
of staff Benny Gantz,

calls it ridiculous that
an Israeli prime minister

could serve while being
charged with a crime.

But if either one of these men
is to serve after the election,

he'll need to have the
support of Israel's Knesset--

its parliament.
There are 120 seats
in the Knesset,

and the prime minister needs
a majority-- at least 61

of those seats-- on his side.
That's not always
easy to put together.

Unlike the US Congress, which
is dominated by Democrats

and Republicans, there are
more than 40 political parties

running for Israel's Knesset.
Most of those won't
actually make it in,

but analysts say 10 to 14
different parties will.

And the biggest one's likely
to have around 30 seats.

So what the prime minister
has to do to have 61 or more

of those seats on
his side is get

several of these different
parties to work together.

That coalition-building
process can take weeks,

but once it's all worked out
after the April 9th election,

the governing resumes.
Next today, people
in Venezuela need

health care, medicines,
water, electricity,

education, and access to food.
That's what an
internal United Nations

draft report says
about conditions

in the South American country.
Around 32 million people used to
live there, but several million

have fled in recent
years as the economy

crumbled and political
instability followed.

The UN says it's trying to work
with Venezuela's government

to get help to its
people, but the government

says there is no
crisis and it's blocked

or restricted aid deliveries.
DAVID MCKENZIE: The
alarming UN draft report

says that up to
94% of Venezuelans

are living in poverty--
94% for a country that
has arguably the largest

oil reserves on the planet.
The report also says that almost
2 million people are expected

to leave this country
just this year

because of the ongoing crisis.
Across Venezuela, there
are still blackouts

and also water shortages.
We saw people here in Caracas
on the mountainside collecting

water for their daily needs.
This is how one person
saw the situation.

- [SPEAKING SPANISH]
INTERPRETER: Us Venezuelans--
we're very upset.

Listen, brother.
We don't have power.
We don't have water.
Services work badly.
It's-- I don't even
know how to explain.

If it was for me, we would have
forced this government out.

Five people come
forward, they get killed,

and nothing is achieved.
DAVID MCKENZIE: Schools
have been closed,

and workers have been
told to go home early.

Here in the capital, the
subway system isn't working,

and people are having
to cram on buses

just to get to and from work.
The president of the country,
embattled Nicolás Maduro,

is standing by the promises to
bring back the power and says

schools will open next week.
In a live television
broadcast with cabinet members

and other government officials,
he blamed the power outages

on a terrorist attack,
something he's done before,

even though experts
say the main issue has

been investment and
allegations of corruption

against the regime.
Despite anger on the street,
the regime is trying to maintain

its grip on power, the loyalist
Supreme Court saying that they

want the opposition leader,
Juan Guaidó's, immunity to be

stripped from him,
and so that they can

move with potential
allegations and even

arrest in the coming days.
Guaidó is calling for
intervention from countries

around the region and across
the globe, but at this stage,

Maduro isn't going anywhere.
David McKenzie, CNN,
Caracas, Venezuela.

CARL AZUZ: 10-second trivia.
First-generation mobile
networks, also known as 1G,

were introduced in what decade?
1970s, 1980s, 1990s, or 2000s?
It was in the late 1970s
that 1G cellular networks

made their debut in Japan.
And now, four
decades later, we're

at the dawn of 5G
technology, with rollouts

in the US expected this year.
Download and upload speeds are
said to be much faster than 4G,

and the wireless industry says
5G will transform everything

from education to medicine.
What about farming?
Tests going on right now
in the United Kingdom

suggest 5G could dramatically
change that industry.

But there are a
number of challenges.

One, 5G would have to be
installed in rural areas

where there are fewer users.
In some places, even
4G coverage is spotty.

Will companies be willing to
install the additional cell

towers that are needed where
there aren't as many people

to use them?
Two, security's a concern.
What could happen if a key
part of the food supply

is disrupted by domestic
or foreign hackers?

Three, what about costs?
The system you're
about to hear of

is partly funded by
the UK's government.

Will farmers and other
places also get help?

Or would they have to spend
their own money on this?

So this look at 5G farming
assumes everything goes

as proponents hope it will.
- This is a connected cow.
She and the rest
of her herd sport

collars with 5G
connectivity, which

provide real-time
data about feeding

patterns, health, and behavior.
Data like this could help
address a looming problem--

how to feed the world's
population as it grows.

By 2050, there'll be more than
9 billion people on the planet,

and they all need to eat.
That means farmers will need
to produce 70% more food.

And that's where tech comes in.
The Industrial Revolution paved
the way for modern farming

techniques, so on average by
1960, one farmer in the US

could feed 26 people.
Today, it's 155.
But by 2050, each
farmer will need

to feed more than 265 people
on the same amount of land,

so farmers will have
to do more with less.

The UK is one country
leading the way

in smart farming innovation.
5G solutions are being
tested across the country

as part of the government-led
5G RuralFirst initiative.

In the English
county of Shropshire,

the Hands-Free Hectare project
achieved a world first in 2017

by successfully
planting, tending,

and harvesting a crop without
a single human stepping foot

on the field.
Autonomous tractors
sowed the seeds.

Drones with a range of
sensors monitored the crops.

And samples were taken
remotely, providing data

for targeted fertilizers
and pesticides,

while a driverless combine
harvested the project.

5G is now being used to increase
the capability, precision,

and efficiency of the system.
And what about those
connected cows?

They're part of a trial
in southwest England

where more than a
hundred cows are

being monitored remotely through
their 5G-connected collars.

The high tech dairy
farm they call home

is equipped with
automated feeding,

milking, and cleaning systems
that can adapt to each cow's

individual preferences.
[MOOING]
With the help of 5G, data can be
seen by the farmer in realtime.

All this helps to
ensure that the farm is

as efficient as
possible, so cows

produce the highest
amount of milk

and are kept as happy
and healthy as can be.

But the UK is not the
only country investing

in the promise of 5G farming.
From perfecting potato
production in the Netherlands

to a planned 5G-connected
oyster farm in Japan,

a variety of trials are
cropping up across the world.

CARL AZUZ: If you're the
adventurous type who wants

to live somewhere exotic, you
don't mind wearing a heavy suit

whenever you step outside, and
you just love the color red,

this could be your future home.
These are NASA's top
three finalists for the 3D

Printed Habitat Challenge.
It's a $3.15 million
competition for people

to design a living space
that could be built

and potentially lived in on
another planet, like Mars.

These are just renderings.
The next phase of
the competition

challenges teams to 3D-print
models of their designs.

If you don't Mar-shun the
idea of living abroad,

we hear Mercury's warm
this time of year,

and Jupiter's said to be a gas.
If you said, turn
your sights elsewhere,

you might Neptune your attention
to something even farther.

Distant destinations
offer Pluto-nes of space,

if you're willing to planet.
That's all for CNN 10.
I'm Carl Azuz.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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[CNN 10] April 3, 2019

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Yukiko 2019 年 4 月 8 日 に公開
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