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  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • CARL AZUZ: With less than a week to go before a major election

  • in Israel, we're spelling out its significance

  • today on "CNN 10."

  • I'm Carl Azuz.

  • It's great to see you this Wednesday.

  • Israel is America's closest ally in the Middle East.

  • Its prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu,

  • was first elected to the job in 1996.

  • He's served on, and off, and on again since then.

  • And if this year's vote goes his way again,

  • he'll become Israel's longest-serving prime minister

  • ever.

  • But he's facing a number of difficult challenges

  • this time around.

  • One of them is that the nation's attorney general

  • says he plans to charge Prime Minister

  • Netanyahu with corruption.

  • The Israeli leader denies doing anything wrong

  • and calls the investigation a politically-motivated witch

  • hunt.

  • In fact, he's made it a major campaign issue.

  • His main opponent in the election,

  • former military chief of staff Benny Gantz,

  • calls it ridiculous that an Israeli prime minister

  • could serve while being charged with a crime.

  • But if either one of these men is to serve after the election,

  • he'll need to have the support of Israel's Knesset--

  • its parliament.

  • There are 120 seats in the Knesset,

  • and the prime minister needs a majority-- at least 61

  • of those seats-- on his side.

  • That's not always easy to put together.

  • Unlike the US Congress, which is dominated by Democrats

  • and Republicans, there are more than 40 political parties

  • running for Israel's Knesset.

  • Most of those won't actually make it in,

  • but analysts say 10 to 14 different parties will.

  • And the biggest one's likely to have around 30 seats.

  • So what the prime minister has to do to have 61 or more

  • of those seats on his side is get

  • several of these different parties to work together.

  • That coalition-building process can take weeks,

  • but once it's all worked out after the April 9th election,

  • the governing resumes.

  • Next today, people in Venezuela need

  • health care, medicines, water, electricity,

  • education, and access to food.

  • That's what an internal United Nations

  • draft report says about conditions

  • in the South American country.

  • Around 32 million people used to live there, but several million

  • have fled in recent years as the economy

  • crumbled and political instability followed.

  • The UN says it's trying to work with Venezuela's government

  • to get help to its people, but the government

  • says there is no crisis and it's blocked

  • or restricted aid deliveries.

  • DAVID MCKENZIE: The alarming UN draft report

  • says that up to 94% of Venezuelans

  • are living in poverty--

  • 94% for a country that has arguably the largest

  • oil reserves on the planet.

  • The report also says that almost 2 million people are expected

  • to leave this country just this year

  • because of the ongoing crisis.

  • Across Venezuela, there are still blackouts

  • and also water shortages.

  • We saw people here in Caracas on the mountainside collecting

  • water for their daily needs.

  • This is how one person saw the situation.

  • - [SPEAKING SPANISH]

  • INTERPRETER: Us Venezuelans-- we're very upset.

  • Listen, brother.

  • We don't have power.

  • We don't have water.

  • Services work badly.

  • It's-- I don't even know how to explain.

  • If it was for me, we would have forced this government out.

  • Five people come forward, they get killed,

  • and nothing is achieved.

  • DAVID MCKENZIE: Schools have been closed,

  • and workers have been told to go home early.

  • Here in the capital, the subway system isn't working,

  • and people are having to cram on buses

  • just to get to and from work.

  • The president of the country, embattled Nicolás Maduro,

  • is standing by the promises to bring back the power and says

  • schools will open next week.

  • In a live television broadcast with cabinet members

  • and other government officials, he blamed the power outages

  • on a terrorist attack, something he's done before,

  • even though experts say the main issue has

  • been investment and allegations of corruption

  • against the regime.

  • Despite anger on the street, the regime is trying to maintain

  • its grip on power, the loyalist Supreme Court saying that they

  • want the opposition leader, Juan Guaidó's, immunity to be

  • stripped from him, and so that they can

  • move with potential allegations and even

  • arrest in the coming days.

  • Guaidó is calling for intervention from countries

  • around the region and across the globe, but at this stage,

  • Maduro isn't going anywhere.

  • David McKenzie, CNN, Caracas, Venezuela.

  • CARL AZUZ: 10-second trivia.

  • First-generation mobile networks, also known as 1G,

  • were introduced in what decade?

  • 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, or 2000s?

  • It was in the late 1970s that 1G cellular networks

  • made their debut in Japan.

  • And now, four decades later, we're

  • at the dawn of 5G technology, with rollouts

  • in the US expected this year.

  • Download and upload speeds are said to be much faster than 4G,

  • and the wireless industry says 5G will transform everything

  • from education to medicine.

  • What about farming?

  • Tests going on right now in the United Kingdom

  • suggest 5G could dramatically change that industry.

  • But there are a number of challenges.

  • One, 5G would have to be installed in rural areas

  • where there are fewer users.

  • In some places, even 4G coverage is spotty.

  • Will companies be willing to install the additional cell

  • towers that are needed where there aren't as many people

  • to use them?

  • Two, security's a concern.

  • What could happen if a key part of the food supply

  • is disrupted by domestic or foreign hackers?

  • Three, what about costs?

  • The system you're about to hear of

  • is partly funded by the UK's government.

  • Will farmers and other places also get help?

  • Or would they have to spend their own money on this?

  • So this look at 5G farming assumes everything goes

  • as proponents hope it will.

  • - This is a connected cow.

  • She and the rest of her herd sport

  • collars with 5G connectivity, which

  • provide real-time data about feeding

  • patterns, health, and behavior.

  • Data like this could help address a looming problem--

  • how to feed the world's population as it grows.

  • By 2050, there'll be more than 9 billion people on the planet,

  • and they all need to eat.

  • That means farmers will need to produce 70% more food.

  • And that's where tech comes in.

  • The Industrial Revolution paved the way for modern farming

  • techniques, so on average by 1960, one farmer in the US

  • could feed 26 people.

  • Today, it's 155.

  • But by 2050, each farmer will need

  • to feed more than 265 people on the same amount of land,

  • so farmers will have to do more with less.

  • The UK is one country leading the way

  • in smart farming innovation.

  • 5G solutions are being tested across the country

  • as part of the government-led 5G RuralFirst initiative.

  • In the English county of Shropshire,

  • the Hands-Free Hectare project achieved a world first in 2017

  • by successfully planting, tending,

  • and harvesting a crop without a single human stepping foot

  • on the field.

  • Autonomous tractors sowed the seeds.

  • Drones with a range of sensors monitored the crops.

  • And samples were taken remotely, providing data

  • for targeted fertilizers and pesticides,

  • while a driverless combine harvested the project.

  • 5G is now being used to increase the capability, precision,

  • and efficiency of the system.

  • And what about those connected cows?

  • They're part of a trial in southwest England

  • where more than a hundred cows are

  • being monitored remotely through their 5G-connected collars.

  • The high tech dairy farm they call home

  • is equipped with automated feeding,

  • milking, and cleaning systems that can adapt to each cow's

  • individual preferences.

  • [MOOING]

  • With the help of 5G, data can be seen by the farmer in realtime.

  • All this helps to ensure that the farm is

  • as efficient as possible, so cows

  • produce the highest amount of milk

  • and are kept as happy and healthy as can be.

  • But the UK is not the only country investing

  • in the promise of 5G farming.

  • From perfecting potato production in the Netherlands

  • to a planned 5G-connected oyster farm in Japan,

  • a variety of trials are cropping up across the world.

  • CARL AZUZ: If you're the adventurous type who wants

  • to live somewhere exotic, you don't mind wearing a heavy suit

  • whenever you step outside, and you just love the color red,

  • this could be your future home.

  • These are NASA's top three finalists for the 3D

  • Printed Habitat Challenge.

  • It's a $3.15 million competition for people

  • to design a living space that could be built

  • and potentially lived in on another planet, like Mars.

  • These are just renderings.

  • The next phase of the competition

  • challenges teams to 3D-print models of their designs.

  • If you don't Mar-shun the idea of living abroad,

  • we hear Mercury's warm this time of year,

  • and Jupiter's said to be a gas.

  • If you said, turn your sights elsewhere,

  • you might Neptune your attention to something even farther.

  • Distant destinations offer Pluto-nes of space,

  • if you're willing to planet.

  • That's all for CNN 10.

  • I'm Carl Azuz.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

[MUSIC PLAYING]

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CNN10】2019年4月3日 ([CNN 10] April 3, 2019)

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