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[UPBEAT ELECTRONIC MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: Once again, the
nation of China factors

into today's first story,
but this time, we're

visiting the island of Taiwan.
I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.
Thank you for watching.
Taiwan is located
about 100 miles

off the eastern coast of China.
Both the island in the
mainland consider Taiwan

to be a province of
China, but they both

have their own governments,
and those governments both

consider themselves to
be the legitimate rulers

over all of China.
That's a major
issue between them.

On Sunday morning, Taiwan says
two Chinese Air Force jets

crossed a maritime
border that separates

the island from mainland China.
Taiwan scrambled fighter
planes in response

and accused China of a reckless
and provocative action.

China hasn't intentionally
done this in years,

and it hasn't responded
to the accusations

that it violated
Taiwanese airspace.

But China has increased
its military exercises

around Taiwan recently.
And in January, Chinese
President Xi Jinping

said Taiwan independence
was a dead end.

The US may play a
part in this, too.

Taiwanese president Tsai
Ing-wen says her country wants

to buy new fighter jets
and tanks from America,

saying this would
greatly enhance

Taiwan's defense capabilities.
But China's government said
last week that possible US arms

sales to Taiwan were dangerous.
The flare-up here
is just the latest

in a back-and-forth struggle
between Taiwan and China.

MATT RIVERS: This island
of 23 million people

is a vibrant democracy
that sits just

across the sea from the world's
largest one-party state.

I'm Matt Rivers in
Taiwan, officially

known as the Republic of China.
STEVEN JIANG: And I'm
Stephen Jiang in Beijing,

the capital on what's
officially known as the People's

Republic of China.
This name has existed since
1949, when the Communists

won a brutal civil war and
forced the previous government

to flee to Taiwan.
MATT RIVERS: Both sides set
up their own governments,

each claiming to be the
only legitimate ruler

of the entire Chinese territory,
and decades of hostility

ensued.
There was no travel,
trade, or communications

between both sides, and the
threat of military action

was a constant presence.
But tensions began to ease
in the 1990s, when Beijing

and Taipei authorities
began a series of meetings

and correspondence that
deliberately put aside

the issue of
sovereignty in favor

of resolving practical matters.
STEVEN JIANG: These
dialogues paved

the way for economic and
cultural cooperation.

Businesses from Taiwan have
invested billions of dollars

here on the mainland, the
world's most populous country

and second largest economy.
And millions of
mainland tourists

have flocked to Taiwan after
direct flights resumed.

But still, China insists
Taiwan is a breakaway province

that must be reunited with
the mainland by force,

if necessary.
MATT RIVERS: Since Taiwan became
a democracy in the late 1990s,

cross-strait relationships
have fluctuated depending

on which of the two
main political parties

is in power on the island.
Bilateral ties warm up
when the Kuomintang,

the party that favors closer
ties with China, rules Taiwan.

And relations deteriorate
when Taiwan's leader

is from the
Democratic Progressive

Party, which traditionally
supports Taiwan independence.

STEVEN JIANG: Tensions have
been climbing since 2016, when

the pro-independence party's
nominee, Tsai Ing-wen,

was elected president.
Chinese president Xi Jinping
has hardened his rhetoric

and policies towards Taiwan.
MATT RIVERS: With
analysts seeing

increased Chinese military
drills near Taiwan,

many people here are wary of the
growing strength and ambitions

of their massive neighbor
just across the sea,

fearful that their
unique way of life

cultivated over the
last seven decades

may be under rising threat.
CARL AZUZ: 10-second trivia--
Ruboela or Rubeola, is
another term for what?

Red gems, measles,
Martian soil, or clay?

This is another
term for measles,

a contagious virus that's
characterized by a skin rash.

Other symptoms of measles
include a high fever

and a cough, and
large outbreaks are

happening right now in
the nations of Israel,

Philippines, and Ukraine.
Over each of the past 10
years, the United States

has averaged anywhere from a few
dozen to a few hundred measles

cases.
This year, America has had
its second greatest number of

diagnoses since the year 2000.
So far, there have been
387 cases of measles

confirmed across 15 states.
The Centers for Disease Control
says measles can be serious,

leading to the
hospitalization of about 25%

of those who get the disease.
But it's not usually deadly.
There's one death for every
1,000 cases, on average.

The CDC says the only way
to protect against measles

is to get vaccinated, and
in the current US outbreaks,

most of the children who've
contracted the disease

were not vaccinated,
though a few were

and caught the measles, anyway.
No deaths have been reported.
The vaccine offered
in the US is called

MMR, which stands for
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.

Doctors say it's more than 90%
effective at preventing measles

if someone who's had MMR
is exposed to the virus.

But the CDC also says there's a
remote chance that the vaccine

can cause side effects
and serious injuries,

and that's why some parents
are hesitant to allow

it for their children.
Health officials
in New York state

are scrambling to contain a
measles outbreak, which is now

the longest in the United States
since before the disease was

eliminated in 2000.
Six months into the outbreak,
officials in Rockland County,

just north of New
York City, have

taken the extremely
unusual step of banning

unvaccinated children under the
age of 18 from public spaces.

Under the ban,
unvaccinated children

should not go to restaurants,
schools, places of worship,

and any public bus.
About 85% of confirmed cases
in Rockland were 18 or younger.

The 30-day emergency
order has sparked

outrage from some critics.
- It's a misplaced priority.
It's a violation of the
constitutional right

to lock people in their home.
CARL AZUZ: But
officials caution,

this is about
educating the community

and encouraging vaccination.
JOHN LYON: We don't
want to fine anyone.

We don't want to
put anyone in jail.

We just want people to
comply with the order.

We want them to get vaccinated.
CARL AZUZ: The law does not
apply to people older than 18

because the county, quote,
did not want to prevent anyone

from going to work,
though they're still

encouraged to get vaccinated.
There are at least 370 cases
linked to this outbreak,

including cases in the
New York City boroughs

of Brooklyn and Queens.
According to New York City's
Department of Health and Mental

Hygiene, most cases of affected
members of the Orthodox

Jewish community.
- I'm from the
Orthodox community,

and all my friends, all of
us-- we do what we have to do.

I'm quite shocked
that what's going on.

CARL AZUZ: Officials
say the initial case was

an unvaccinated child
who contracted the virus

during a visit to Israel,
a country fighting

a measles outbreak of its own.
In Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, the Liberty Bell

has been bought by Taco Bell.
They're selling gorditas
under the clapper.

Across Australia, McDonald's
has added a new kind

of burger called the McPickle.
This is not real news.
These are April
Fool's jokes, and

April 1st tradition
that apparently

dates back hundreds of years.
So now that you've made it
through another annual foolin',

take a look at
some of the history

of the foolish tradition.
- In ancient cultures,
New Year's Day

was celebrated on April 1st.
But in 1582, Pope
Gregory XIII moved

the holiday to January 1st.
Not everybody got the message.
Those that continued to
celebrate on April 1st

were called April fools.
Funny, right?
Much of Britain didn't adopt
the new calendar until 1752,

but they were celebrating April
Fool's Day long before that.

In Scotland, It's
a two-day affair.

If you've ever had a kick
me sign taped to your back,

you might blame the Scots.
April Fool's Day has also been
linked to the vernal equinox

and the start of spring.
That's when the ancient Romans
had their hilarious Festival

of Hilaria, Hindus
have Holi, and

Purim is celebrated in Judaism.
Some of the biggest
April Fool's Day pranks

are courtesy of
corporations and the media.

In 1940, a press release
from the Franklin Institute,

a science museum
in Philadelphia,

declared the world would
end the following day.

They were seeking publicity
for a lecture series,

and a local radio
station reported on it.

In 1957, the BBC falsely
reported a bumper crop of

spaghetti trees in Switzerland.
- Another reason why
this may be a bumper year

lies in the virtual
disappearance

of the spaghetti weevil.
- And in 1998, Burger King
announced the left-handed

whopper, specifically designed
for the 32 million left-handed

Americans, including myself.
CARL AZUZ: Where's
the beef in that?

After all, it's a hand-burger.
It's a left-handed compliment
that someone might want it.

They should do a taste test
and see sand-which is better.

Sure, one is all right,
but another option

could give some people a left.
Even if they had to
charge high five or more,

they deserve a hand for not
letting anyone, not even

an April Fool, feel left out.
I'm Carl Azuz on
the loose for CNN.

[UPBEAT ROCK MUSIC]
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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[CNN 10] April 2, 2019

544 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 4 月 8 日 に公開
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