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  • [UPBEAT ELECTRONIC MUSIC]

  • CARL AZUZ: Once again, the nation of China factors

  • into today's first story, but this time, we're

  • visiting the island of Taiwan.

  • I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

  • Thank you for watching.

  • Taiwan is located about 100 miles

  • off the eastern coast of China.

  • Both the island in the mainland consider Taiwan

  • to be a province of China, but they both

  • have their own governments, and those governments both

  • consider themselves to be the legitimate rulers

  • over all of China.

  • That's a major issue between them.

  • On Sunday morning, Taiwan says two Chinese Air Force jets

  • crossed a maritime border that separates

  • the island from mainland China.

  • Taiwan scrambled fighter planes in response

  • and accused China of a reckless and provocative action.

  • China hasn't intentionally done this in years,

  • and it hasn't responded to the accusations

  • that it violated Taiwanese airspace.

  • But China has increased its military exercises

  • around Taiwan recently.

  • And in January, Chinese President Xi Jinping

  • said Taiwan independence was a dead end.

  • The US may play a part in this, too.

  • Taiwanese president Tsai Ing-wen says her country wants

  • to buy new fighter jets and tanks from America,

  • saying this would greatly enhance

  • Taiwan's defense capabilities.

  • But China's government said last week that possible US arms

  • sales to Taiwan were dangerous.

  • The flare-up here is just the latest

  • in a back-and-forth struggle between Taiwan and China.

  • MATT RIVERS: This island of 23 million people

  • is a vibrant democracy that sits just

  • across the sea from the world's largest one-party state.

  • I'm Matt Rivers in Taiwan, officially

  • known as the Republic of China.

  • STEVEN JIANG: And I'm Stephen Jiang in Beijing,

  • the capital on what's officially known as the People's

  • Republic of China.

  • This name has existed since 1949, when the Communists

  • won a brutal civil war and forced the previous government

  • to flee to Taiwan.

  • MATT RIVERS: Both sides set up their own governments,

  • each claiming to be the only legitimate ruler

  • of the entire Chinese territory, and decades of hostility

  • ensued.

  • There was no travel, trade, or communications

  • between both sides, and the threat of military action

  • was a constant presence.

  • But tensions began to ease in the 1990s, when Beijing

  • and Taipei authorities began a series of meetings

  • and correspondence that deliberately put aside

  • the issue of sovereignty in favor

  • of resolving practical matters.

  • STEVEN JIANG: These dialogues paved

  • the way for economic and cultural cooperation.

  • Businesses from Taiwan have invested billions of dollars

  • here on the mainland, the world's most populous country

  • and second largest economy.

  • And millions of mainland tourists

  • have flocked to Taiwan after direct flights resumed.

  • But still, China insists Taiwan is a breakaway province

  • that must be reunited with the mainland by force,

  • if necessary.

  • MATT RIVERS: Since Taiwan became a democracy in the late 1990s,

  • cross-strait relationships have fluctuated depending

  • on which of the two main political parties

  • is in power on the island.

  • Bilateral ties warm up when the Kuomintang,

  • the party that favors closer ties with China, rules Taiwan.

  • And relations deteriorate when Taiwan's leader

  • is from the Democratic Progressive

  • Party, which traditionally supports Taiwan independence.

  • STEVEN JIANG: Tensions have been climbing since 2016, when

  • the pro-independence party's nominee, Tsai Ing-wen,

  • was elected president.

  • Chinese president Xi Jinping has hardened his rhetoric

  • and policies towards Taiwan.

  • MATT RIVERS: With analysts seeing

  • increased Chinese military drills near Taiwan,

  • many people here are wary of the growing strength and ambitions

  • of their massive neighbor just across the sea,

  • fearful that their unique way of life

  • cultivated over the last seven decades

  • may be under rising threat.

  • CARL AZUZ: 10-second trivia--

  • Ruboela or Rubeola, is another term for what?

  • Red gems, measles, Martian soil, or clay?

  • This is another term for measles,

  • a contagious virus that's characterized by a skin rash.

  • Other symptoms of measles include a high fever

  • and a cough, and large outbreaks are

  • happening right now in the nations of Israel,

  • Philippines, and Ukraine.

  • Over each of the past 10 years, the United States

  • has averaged anywhere from a few dozen to a few hundred measles

  • cases.

  • This year, America has had its second greatest number of

  • diagnoses since the year 2000.

  • So far, there have been 387 cases of measles

  • confirmed across 15 states.

  • The Centers for Disease Control says measles can be serious,

  • leading to the hospitalization of about 25%

  • of those who get the disease.

  • But it's not usually deadly.

  • There's one death for every 1,000 cases, on average.

  • The CDC says the only way to protect against measles

  • is to get vaccinated, and in the current US outbreaks,

  • most of the children who've contracted the disease

  • were not vaccinated, though a few were

  • and caught the measles, anyway.

  • No deaths have been reported.

  • The vaccine offered in the US is called

  • MMR, which stands for Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.

  • Doctors say it's more than 90% effective at preventing measles

  • if someone who's had MMR is exposed to the virus.

  • But the CDC also says there's a remote chance that the vaccine

  • can cause side effects and serious injuries,

  • and that's why some parents are hesitant to allow

  • it for their children.

  • Health officials in New York state

  • are scrambling to contain a measles outbreak, which is now

  • the longest in the United States since before the disease was

  • eliminated in 2000.

  • Six months into the outbreak, officials in Rockland County,

  • just north of New York City, have

  • taken the extremely unusual step of banning

  • unvaccinated children under the age of 18 from public spaces.

  • Under the ban, unvaccinated children

  • should not go to restaurants, schools, places of worship,

  • and any public bus.

  • About 85% of confirmed cases in Rockland were 18 or younger.

  • The 30-day emergency order has sparked

  • outrage from some critics.

  • - It's a misplaced priority.

  • It's a violation of the constitutional right

  • to lock people in their home.

  • CARL AZUZ: But officials caution,

  • this is about educating the community

  • and encouraging vaccination.

  • JOHN LYON: We don't want to fine anyone.

  • We don't want to put anyone in jail.

  • We just want people to comply with the order.

  • We want them to get vaccinated.

  • CARL AZUZ: The law does not apply to people older than 18

  • because the county, quote, did not want to prevent anyone

  • from going to work, though they're still

  • encouraged to get vaccinated.

  • There are at least 370 cases linked to this outbreak,

  • including cases in the New York City boroughs

  • of Brooklyn and Queens.

  • According to New York City's Department of Health and Mental

  • Hygiene, most cases of affected members of the Orthodox

  • Jewish community.

  • - I'm from the Orthodox community,

  • and all my friends, all of us-- we do what we have to do.

  • I'm quite shocked that what's going on.

  • CARL AZUZ: Officials say the initial case was

  • an unvaccinated child who contracted the virus

  • during a visit to Israel, a country fighting

  • a measles outbreak of its own.

  • In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the Liberty Bell

  • has been bought by Taco Bell.

  • They're selling gorditas under the clapper.

  • Across Australia, McDonald's has added a new kind

  • of burger called the McPickle.

  • This is not real news.

  • These are April Fool's jokes, and

  • April 1st tradition that apparently

  • dates back hundreds of years.

  • So now that you've made it through another annual foolin',

  • take a look at some of the history

  • of the foolish tradition.

  • - In ancient cultures, New Year's Day

  • was celebrated on April 1st.

  • But in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII moved

  • the holiday to January 1st.

  • Not everybody got the message.

  • Those that continued to celebrate on April 1st

  • were called April fools.

  • Funny, right?

  • Much of Britain didn't adopt the new calendar until 1752,

  • but they were celebrating April Fool's Day long before that.

  • In Scotland, It's a two-day affair.

  • If you've ever had a kick me sign taped to your back,

  • you might blame the Scots.

  • April Fool's Day has also been linked to the vernal equinox

  • and the start of spring.

  • That's when the ancient Romans had their hilarious Festival

  • of Hilaria, Hindus have Holi, and

  • Purim is celebrated in Judaism.

  • Some of the biggest April Fool's Day pranks

  • are courtesy of corporations and the media.

  • In 1940, a press release from the Franklin Institute,

  • a science museum in Philadelphia,

  • declared the world would end the following day.

  • They were seeking publicity for a lecture series,

  • and a local radio station reported on it.

  • In 1957, the BBC falsely reported a bumper crop of

  • spaghetti trees in Switzerland.

  • - Another reason why this may be a bumper year

  • lies in the virtual disappearance

  • of the spaghetti weevil.

  • - And in 1998, Burger King announced the left-handed

  • whopper, specifically designed for the 32 million left-handed

  • Americans, including myself.

  • CARL AZUZ: Where's the beef in that?

  • After all, it's a hand-burger.

  • It's a left-handed compliment that someone might want it.

  • They should do a taste test and see sand-which is better.

  • Sure, one is all right, but another option

  • could give some people a left.

  • Even if they had to charge high five or more,

  • they deserve a hand for not letting anyone, not even

  • an April Fool, feel left out.

  • I'm Carl Azuz on the loose for CNN.

  • [UPBEAT ROCK MUSIC]

[UPBEAT ELECTRONIC MUSIC]

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CNN10】2019年4月2日 ([CNN 10] April 2, 2019)

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