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[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: A change
in policy concerning

the United States and
Israel is our first subject

today on "CNN 10."
Welcome to our
viewers worldwide.

I'm Carl Azuz at the CNN Center.
Last week US
President Donald Trump

said he'd sign a
proclamation recognizing

a territory called
the Golan Heights

as being part of Israel.
Yesterday he did it.
With Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu standing

next to him, the American
leader put pen to paper during

a ceremony at the White House.
Here's why this is
significant and controversial.

The Golan Heights is a rocky
plateau in the Middle East.

It was part of
southwestern Syria in 1967.

But during the Six-Day War,
which was fought that year,

Israel captured large
amounts of territory

from the neighboring countries
of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.

The Golan Heights was
part of that land.

OREN LIEBERMANN: Here in
the Golan Heights, where

there is years of
evidence of fighting

between Israel and Syria.
Israeli forces seized
this mountainous territory

from Syria in 1967
during the Six-Day War.

And since then, it's been
considered occupied territory

by the international
community and the United

Nations Security Council.
Israel annexed
the Golan in 1981.

But no country in the
world had ever recognized

that annexation until now.
US President Donald
Trump overturning decades

of US foreign policy, breaking
the international consensus,

and saying it's
time to recognize

Israeli sovereignty here because
of its strategic significance.

Anyone positioned here has a
great vantage point from which

to look into southern Syria on
one side and northern Israel

on the other.
CARL AZUZ: So Israel
considers the Golan

Heights part of its country.
And it has settlements
there with thousands

of Jewish Israelis
sharing the land

with other groups of people.
President Trump said
the US proclamation

to recognize Golan
as part of Israel

should have taken
place decades ago.

Several other
countries disagreed.

They don't think the
Golan Heights should be

recognized as part of Israel.
The European Union
is among them.

And the government of Syria
called the US proclamation

a violation of
international standards

and said the Golan
Heights was and would

remain Arab and Syrian.
The signing ceremony
was held weeks

before an election in Israel.
And it was expected to
help the incumbent leader.

Prime Minister Netanyahu
shorten his trip to the US,

though, after a rocket was fired
from the Palestinian territory

of Gaza Monday morning.
It hit a house in
central Israel,

injuring seven civilians there.
The Israeli military said
it would strike targets

in Gaza that belong to
the terrorist group that

was responsible.
All this came as another
example of tensions

in a historically
conflicted region.

Moving south from
the Middle East,

we're taking you to the
African nation of Mozambique,

where international
aid workers say

the destruction
from Cyclone Idai

is worse than they imagined.
The Category 2 storm that
made landfall on March 14

wasn't the strongest
to hit Mozambique.

But it came after heavy rains
had already soaked and flooded

parts of the region.
And UNICEF says
1.7 million people

across Mozambique, Malawi,
and Zimbabwe were affected.

Some of the flooding
can be seen from space.

Survivors say many people are
still trapped in their homes.

Rescuers say they still
can't get to some areas.

And though hundreds
of people are known

to have died in the catastrophe,
some experts say the final toll

could be more than 1,000.
Officials are calling for
the Mozambican government

and other countries to step up
rescue and recovery efforts.

10-second trivia-- what
country is the world's

largest producer of oil?
United States, Saudi
Arabia, Russia, or Canada?

[MUSIC PLAYING AND BEEPING]
These are the top four
in order, with the United

States having surpassed every
other nation in oil production.

[MUSIC PLAYING]
But the US still relies
on other countries

for certain types of oil.
So even though America's
the world's biggest producer

overall, the production
by other nations,

especially those in an
oil-producing organization

named OPEC, can still have an
effect on crude oil prices.

And that's the
single biggest factor

in gasoline prices in the US.
Though they stalled
a bit this week,

they've been rising
since January.

And OPEC is part
of the reason why.

CHRISTINE ROMANS:
OPEC is often accused

of artificially
boosting oil prices

and ripping off consumers.
In reality, OPEC isn't
as powerful as it used

to be for two main reasons.
First, the fracking revolution
in the US over the last decade

has made America much less
reliant on its product.

And second, Saudi Arabia
hasn't been able to effectively

control the other OPEC members.
OPEC stands for the
Organization of Petroleum

Exporting Countries.
Its members control about 40%
of the world's oil supply.

And they're supposed to
work together to decide

how much oil to produce.
It's simple supply and demand.
To raise the price
of oil, OPEC members

simply agree to produce less.
To lower the price,
they produce more.

But it doesn't always
work out like that--

at least, not anymore.
JEFF COLGAN: OPEC
gained its reputation

to control global oil markets
in the 1973 oil crisis

basically because some
of the members of OPEC

put an embargo on
the United States.

RICHARD NIXON: The sudden cutoff
of oil from the Middle East

turned the serious
energy shortages

we expected this winter
into a major energy crisis.

CHRISTINE ROMANS:
But along the way,

OPEC countries basically
stopped listening to the group's

de facto leader, Saudi Arabia.
The Gulf nation would
set the oil production

goals for the other members.
But the other countries
didn't always comply.

JEFF COLGAN: If the other
members joined Saudi Arabia

and actually stuck to
their production quotas,

they could change the price
of global oil by quite a bit.

But the problem is that
other members of OPEC

have the incentive to cheat
because they're producing

considerably less
and at the margin,

they need the money a lot
more than Saudi Arabia does.

CHRISTINE ROMANS: OPEC's power
had been slipping for decades.

Then came America's
fracking revolution.

Before 2008, the United States
imported most of its crude.

But technological innovation
allowed US companies to tap

into vast shale oil reserves.
Last year, the United States
became the largest producer

of crude oil in the world,
edging out both Russia

and Saudi Arabia.
MATT EGAN: So there's no
doubt that shale has reshaped

the global energy landscape.
But America can't
live on shale alone.

Shale is very light.
And American refineries
require that really light shale

to be mixed with heavy crude,
which is often found with OPEC.

CHRISTINE ROMANS: So don't
count OPEC out completely.

It may not wield the
same power as the 1970s,

but it still plays a role.
CARL AZUZ: The northern
lights, AKA aurora borealis,

are commonly seen in
the Arctic Circle.

Think Alaska, Canada,
Iceland, and Norway.

They're not usually seen as far
south as the US state of Iowa.

But because a solar storm
was hurtling toward Earth

last weekend, scientists
at the National Oceanic

and Atmospheric Administration
thought that maybe, just maybe,

some states in
the lower 48 would

also see the northern lights.
Well, they didn't.
Researchers say the storm didn't
make enough of a direct hit

to bring the northern
lights farther south.

But when geomagnetic
storms from the Sun

do smack into the
Earth's atmosphere--

JENNIFER GRAY: Described
as one of Earth's greatest

light shows, an aurora
is one of the most

fascinating and beautiful
naturally occurring phenomena.

You might know it as
the northern lights,

but it's technically called the
aurora borealis in the Northern

Hemisphere and the aurora
australis, or southern lights,

in the Southern Hemisphere.
This phenomenon occurs above the
magnetic poles in the Northern

and Southern Hemispheres.
They form when gaseous
particles in the Earth's

atmosphere collide
with charged particles

released from the Sun.
Electrons and protons from the
Sun are blown toward the Earth

by the solar wind.
As these are carried
towards Earth, most of them

are deflected by
Earth's magnetic field.

However, the magnetic field
is weaker at the poles,

allowing some of the
particles to funnel

into the Earth's atmosphere.
The vibrant colors produced
are determined by the type

of gases that are colliding.
The result is a
brilliant display

of the common green and yellow,
less common blue and violet,

even rare reds painting
the night sky in ribbons,

arcs, or shooting rays.
Oxygen produces green and
red light, while nitrogen

gives off blue and purple.
The best time of year
to view the light show

is during the
winter months, when

the nights are longer,
under a cloud-free sky,

away from light pollution.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: It's not
always a good thing when

someone calls you "honey bear."
It could mean
there's been a theft.

The evidence-- beehives
at Pennsylvania's

Susquehanna University
were recently

found toppled and slobbered on.
There were no witnesses.
But there is a suspect.
And here is the
awesome wanted sketch.

While the Pennsylvania
Game Commission

is trying to trap the
perpetrator with donuts,

electric fencing has been put up
around the remaining beehives.

So the thief may strike again,
but can he "bear" the shock?

It would "be-hive" him to
take flight and "honey-comb"

a different place for food.
Of course, he could always
brood around the yard

in search of another colony.
But before the insects
were to drone on about one,

they'd say it's
none of his beeswax.

I'm Carl Azuz, and
that's the buzz on CNN.

[MUSIC PLAYING]
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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[CNN 10] March 26, 2019

656 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 3 月 28 日 に公開
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