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[CLOCK TICKING]
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: This is "CNN
10," your down-the-middle

explanation of events
taking place worldwide.

I'm Carl Azuz.
Thank you for watching
this March 22.

We're taking you to
New Zealand right now,

as the South Pacific
nation mourns

50 people who were
killed in a shooting

at two mosques last week.
The country's prime
minister said on Thursday

that major changes
were ahead concerning

the country's gun laws.
JACINDA ARDERN:
Today, I'm announcing

that New Zealand will
ban all military-style

semi-automatic weapons.
We will also ban
all assault rifles.

We will ban all high
capacity magazines.

In short, every
semi-automatic weapon used

in the terrorist
attack on Friday

will be banned in this country.
CARL AZUZ: Prime Minister Ardern
said the new laws would make

her country safer,
and that she hoped

they'd be in place by April 11.
New Zealand police
estimate that there are

1.2 million guns in
the country, roughly

one for every four people.
Not every kind will be banned.
Some classes of firearms used
in hunting, farming, and pest

control will still be allowed.
But many New Zealanders have
legally bought the kinds

of guns that are now illegal,
and the government's planning

a buyback program to pay them
when they turn in their guns.

New Zealand's Police Association
says it supports the new law,

calling the
government courageous

for acting to ban the weapons.
But not everyone is on board.
A hunting business owner
interviewed by NPR says the ban

will affect part
of his livelihood,

and that it's a
disappointment to penalize

hundreds of thousands of gun
owners for what one person did.

Today, one week
after the attack,

New Zealand is
holding what its prime

minister calls a nationwide
reflection for the dead.

Up next, the US Justice
Department is trying

to determine if any
laws were broken

in the certification process
for certain passenger planes.

The model is Boeing
737 MAX series.

One of these planes crashed
in Indonesia last October.

Another crashed in Ethiopia
earlier this month.

Everyone aboard both flights
was killed, and the 737 MAX jets

have been grounded worldwide.
US investigators are
looking into everything

from how the plane was certified
as safe to how it was marketed.

Meantime, Boeing has developed
a software patch and a pilot

training program to
address some of the issues

with the MAX aircraft.
OREN LIEBERMANN: One of the most
important concepts in aviation

is the angle of attack.
In simple terms, it's
the difference between

the angle of the wings
and the direction

in which the plane is flying.
Imagine a plane
that's about to land.

Its nose is pointed up,
but the plane is still

moving down towards the runway.
That difference there
is the angle of attack,

sometimes called alpha.
If the angle gets too big, if
it exceeds a critical angle

of attack, a plane stalls.
Airliners have an
angle of attack sensor.

It's connected to
the instruments

and systems inside the plane.
One of these is Boeing's
new MCAS system on its

737 MAX series of airliners.
MCAS is an automated
anti-stall system.

This system is the focus
of the investigation at new

October's Lion Air crash.
And experts say there
are similarities

between it and the
Ethiopian Airlines crash.

If the MCAS system senses a high
angle of attack, it will push

down the nose to avoid a stall.
But if the angle of attack
sensor is malfunctioning,

and gives a faulty
reading, the system could

force the plane to
dive with potentially

disastrous consequences.
CARL AZUZ: US President
Donald Trump has signed a new

executive order, a rule
issued by the White House

that has the force of law.
And it's aimed at
protecting the freedom

of speech on college campuses.
At the signing
ceremony yesterday,

President Trump said
the federal government

provides US colleges
with more than $35

billion in research funding.
And if they want to continue
receiving that money,

they'll be required to show that
they're protecting the First

Amendment on their campuses.
This follows some incidents at
the University of California

at Berkeley, where
some conservative

activists' speeches
have been canceled,

and one conservative
recruiter was

punched in the face last month.
President Trump says American
students and values are under

siege, and that taxpayer
money shouldn't subsidize

colleges that don't protect
the First Amendment.

There are some
questions about how

the order will be
enforced, and how

much money could be held back.
The American Association
of University Professors

and the American Federation
of Teachers called

the order a dangerous
solution to a largely

non-existent problem.
Instead, it was more
likely to discourage free

expression than encourage it.
The president suggested
that more government

actions were on the way.
He called this order the
first in a series of steps

to defend students' rights.
The details weren't given
on what might come next.

10 second trivia.
In what professional field
would you deal with bokeh,

ISO, and hot shoe?
Photography, ophthalmology,
nursing, or welding?

All of these terms are
related to photography

or photographic equipment.
It's a field whose average pay
is between $30,000 and $40,000

per year, though
top photographers

can make a lot more than that.
And it attracts people
who are multi-skilled,

because adjusting the
camera, working with light,

and composing good
shots require both

technical and artistic ability.
CNN sat down with the
photographer who snapped

up presidential history.
ERIC DRAPER: My
name is Eric Draper.

I was the chief White
House photographer

for President George W. Bush.
I took nearly 1 million photos
during my time in the White

House, and I was able
to capture him not only

as commander in chief, but
as a father, as a dog owner,

and as a husband.
What a lot of people don't
know about the president

is he connects
with people on such

a personal level instantly.
I believe he has
a God-given talent

with connecting to people.
And I watched him
for all eight years,

from a janitor in the hallway,
to the King of Saudi Arabia,

he was able to break
the ice with people.

He was able to
instantly read them

to start a personal discussion.
What was running through my
mind on 9/11, I was in complete

shock the entire day.
I had the advantage of
having a camera in my hand

and a job to do to
distract me, knowing

that it was a historic day.
Knowing that these pictures
will be seen forever.

But the president was
in full reaction mode.

He never stopped to
look at the television.

And he picked up in notepad,
and he started writing down his

first thoughts for his first
statement to the nation,

and to the world in
response to the attacks.

In this photograph,
President Bush had

just committed troops to Iraq.
And you can still see
that decision still

weighing on his face
as he walk the South

Lawn alone with the dogs.
Out of the corner of my eye,
I see Vice President Cheney

and Don Rumsfeld, the
Secretary of Defense,

walking out of the Oval Office.
And the president walked
over to greet them.

And later, I found
out that they were

discussing the start of the
timing of the war in Iraq.

On January 20, 2009, after the
swearing in of President Obama,

you can see the burden of the
presidency was just lifted.

You can see it on
his face immediately.

I spent eight Christmases with
the Bush family at Camp David.

And every Christmas,
the Bush family

would get together for a
group photo inside the cabin.

And it was always fun.
And typically I was the only
staffer there, and they always

made me feel like family.
You look back at these pictures,
and they have historical

perspective, especially
on days like 9/11,

and all those major decisions
that the president made.

They bring people back to those
emotions, so they can remember

what that time was like.
Having an archive like
this is very important.

[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: A man
in Australia was

recently out running errands.
He left his car running to keep
the air conditioning on for his

dog, but he also left
the door open, and look

who else climbed aboard.
- Can I get you to come
out of my car, please?

CARL AZUZ: At first,
the answer was nope.

The two animals shared
the air and the space,

separated by a seat.
But eventually, the
marsupial hopped

out of the vehicle
and took his rightful

place in a nearby tree.
Quite a bit of challenge to get
the animal to koala-operate.

But it didn't seem to
take a koala-lot of time.

The video helped
koalaborate the story after

a patient marsup-appeal,
the animal

migrated to its arboreal home.
It makes for a koala-rful
conclusion to "CNN 10."

Fridays are awesome.
I'm Carl Azuz.
You have a koala-ty weekend.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
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CNN 10 | CNN Student News | March 22 2019

2948 タグ追加 保存
Yukiko 2019 年 3 月 22 日 に公開
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