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[TICKING]
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: Today's
edition of "CNN 10"

explains why our American
viewers are a little more tired

than usual this
Monday, and have they

have a little more evening
daylight to look forward to.

I'm Carl Azuz.
First, the Democratic
Republic of Congo,

a large country
in central Africa,

is struggling with the
second largest outbreak

of the Ebola virus ever.
There have been more
than 900 cases in the DRC

since last August.
Ebola is highly contagious
for people who've

had contact with
the bodily fluids,

like blood of others
who've had it.

It causes fever,
severe headaches,

sometimes severe bleeding.
And despite the fact that an
experimental vaccine is now

available, as well as new
medications for Ebola patients,

574 people, more
than half of those

who've contracted Ebola in this
latest outbreak, have died.

Ongoing conflict in the
Democratic Republic of Congo

only creates another
problem for health workers

who are trying to stop
the spread of the disease.

There are dozens of militias
in the Northeastern DRC,

where this Ebola outbreak is.
Militants attacked
a treatment center

on Saturday, killing
a police officer

and wounding a medical worker.
And two attacks on
Ebola clinics last month

forced the aid group Doctors
Without Borders, to put

some of its efforts on hold.
Experts say some Congolese
don't understand Ebola

and don't get treatment
for it until it's too late.

"The New York Times" reports
that there's sometimes distrust

of medical workers, and that
Congolese don't want people

from other countries interfering
with local funeral traditions.

All of these challenges
together makes

it more difficult
for health officials

to contain the disease and
help those who've caught it.

Still, the outbreak that's
killed hundreds in Africa's

second largest country, is a
lot smaller than the one that

struck West Africa in 2014.
The World Health Organization
says that outbreak

killed more than 11,000 people.
Our next story
begins with a quote

concerning the US stock market.
"The bull market is
showing signs of old age,

but it's not dead yet."
That was a CNN Business headline
from August 19 of last year.

And the bull market it was
talking about lives on.

Bulls and bears are
used to symbolize

conditions on Wall Street.
A bull market is when
prices are rising,

and it's one sign that the
US economy is doing well.

How long will it last?
Well, there's a saying that bull
markets and economic expansions

don't die of old age.
They don't just
stop because they've

been going on a long time.
But if major stock indexes,
like the Dow Jones Industrial

Average and the S&P
500, drop 20% or more

from their recent
highs, we'll be

in what's called a bear market.
The question of whether
that'll happen anytime soon

is something no one
knows the answer to.

CHRISTINE ROMANS: It
is the 10th birthday

of the current stock market bull
run, the longest in history.

A bull rally born on a day
when no one was celebrating.

March 9, 2009, when the Standard
and Poor's 500 tanked to 676.

ZAIN VERJEE: Wolf, more
devastating news for investors.

The Dow and the S&P are now
down at new 12-year lows.

CHRISTINE ROMANS: From
recession to recovery.

This is what it looks like.
The S&P 500 has more
than quadrupled.

History made all along the way.
Stimulus, tax cuts, an
auto bailout, a new health

care law, debt ceiling
showdowns and a credit

downgrade of US debt.
A budget sequester and then,
Democratic control giving

way to a GOP hold on Congress.
And ultimately, the White House.
More recently this.
The Trump rally, a 40% rise from
Election Day to recent highs,

riding a wave of job creation.
Tax cuts and
slashed regulations.

And once again, control of the
House shifts back to Democrats.

The big question,
the only question

is, will the bull live
to see 11 years old?

The S&P 500 lost 6.2% in
2018, the worst showing

since the Great Recession.
And 2019 is a year with
three big challenges.

Uncertainty about the
global economy, particularly

in Europe and China.
Trade tensions between
the US and China

have yet to be resolved.
And investors are worried
about interest rates.

But the Federal Reserve has
pivoted from scheduled rate

hikes to a more market-friendly
approach of patience,

which could keep the life in the
bull for a little bit longer.

[DIGITAL EFFECT]
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: 10 second trivia.
During what war did the US
officially begin to observe

daylight-saving time?
American Revolution,
War of 1812,

US Civil War or World War I?
[TICKING]
It was in 1918 during
the First World War,

that the US followed Germany
and then Britain in observing

daylight-saving time.
There's a bit of controversy
surrounding who first

proposed daylight-saving time.
Some credit USA
founding father, Ben

Franklin, when he wrote about
a schedule switch in an essay.

A New Zealand entomologist
named George Hudson

proposed a time shift in 1895.
And William Willett, the
great-great grandfather

of Coldplay's lead
singer, also gets

credit, as you're about to
hear, for daylight-saving time.

But regardless of who's to
thank or to blame for it,

it's been observed
by several countries

since the First World War,
and getting rid of it,

at least in the US, would
take an act of Congress.

[DIGITAL EFFECT]
JIM BOLDEN: This was a war
where every hour counted.

On the battlefield
and on the home front.

By 1916, an old
idea had resurfaced,

one that was born in Britain
near the home of time, the

Royal Observatory at Greenwich.
DR. LOUISE DEVOY: With the
publication of a pamphlet

called "The Waste of Daylight."
And this was composed by a very
entrepreneurial builder called

William Willett, who lived in
Chislehurst, which is about 15

kilometers south of Greenwich.
And Willett was a
keen horse rider,

and he used to go
for early morning

rides in the local woods.
And it was on one
of these rides he

noticed that all the blinds in
the local houses were all down.

Everyone seemed to be in bed.
And as a very industrious
and productive man,

he was appalled at
this waste of time.

[MUSIC PLAYING]
- "Everyone appreciates
the long light evenings.

Everyone laments their shrinkage
as the days grow shorter.

And nearly everyone has
given utterance to a regret

that the clear, bright
light of early mornings

during spring and summer months
is so seldom seen or used.

Now, if some of the
hours of wasted sunlight

could be withdrawn
from the beginning

and added to the end of the
day, how many advantages

would be gained by all?"
JIM BOLDEN: Willetts
died before he

saw his idea put into action,
to save coal for the war effort.

But it was adopted at first by
the Germans, not the British.

Postcards warn the
population about the shift,

and why they owed it to
their country not to forget.

The British followed a few weeks
later and didn't miss a chance

for a dig at the Germans.
America came on board in 1918.
As DST spread around the
world, countries adopted it,

dumped it or never tried it.
Still, the daylight
debate rages every year.

The arguments exist
whether it helps or harms

our health, and the economy.
While the wartime
wisdom of saving energy

may no longer apply,
for many of us,

the long summer
evenings still endure.

The legacy of a war
where so much was

lost to give us these freedoms.
Jim Bolden, CNN, London.
[DIGITAL EFFECT]
[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: Package
delivery by drone.

It could happen
sooner than you think,

but probably not in
the way you think.

This is what's
currently being tested

by a few American companies.
Some of them even use
self-driving technology.

They can carry heavier
packages than flying drones,

and they won't get in
trouble with the Federal

Aviation Administration.
Will they drop off
your order sooner

and save delivery
companies the expense

of that costly last mile?
We don't know yet if
they'll be able to deliver.

They may be packed
with features,

but to become part and
parcel of delivery,

they'll need the backing
of major companies

before they're
bundled with a bundle

and cartoned off
to make a drop off

without dropping off
the tracking device

that orders them around.
A single accident could
lead to a bad unboxing,

and that's a can of worms
no company wants to open.

I'm Carl Azuz, shipping out
another edition of "CNN 10.

コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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CNN 10 | CNN Student News | March 11 2019

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Yukiko 2019 年 3 月 12 日 に公開
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