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  • [TICKING]

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • CARL AZUZ: Today's edition of "CNN 10"

  • explains why our American viewers are a little more tired

  • than usual this Monday, and have they

  • have a little more evening daylight to look forward to.

  • I'm Carl Azuz.

  • First, the Democratic Republic of Congo,

  • a large country in central Africa,

  • is struggling with the second largest outbreak

  • of the Ebola virus ever.

  • There have been more than 900 cases in the DRC

  • since last August.

  • Ebola is highly contagious for people who've

  • had contact with the bodily fluids,

  • like blood of others who've had it.

  • It causes fever, severe headaches,

  • sometimes severe bleeding.

  • And despite the fact that an experimental vaccine is now

  • available, as well as new medications for Ebola patients,

  • 574 people, more than half of those

  • who've contracted Ebola in this latest outbreak, have died.

  • Ongoing conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo

  • only creates another problem for health workers

  • who are trying to stop the spread of the disease.

  • There are dozens of militias in the Northeastern DRC,

  • where this Ebola outbreak is.

  • Militants attacked a treatment center

  • on Saturday, killing a police officer

  • and wounding a medical worker.

  • And two attacks on Ebola clinics last month

  • forced the aid group Doctors Without Borders, to put

  • some of its efforts on hold.

  • Experts say some Congolese don't understand Ebola

  • and don't get treatment for it until it's too late.

  • "The New York Times" reports that there's sometimes distrust

  • of medical workers, and that Congolese don't want people

  • from other countries interfering with local funeral traditions.

  • All of these challenges together makes

  • it more difficult for health officials

  • to contain the disease and help those who've caught it.

  • Still, the outbreak that's killed hundreds in Africa's

  • second largest country, is a lot smaller than the one that

  • struck West Africa in 2014.

  • The World Health Organization says that outbreak

  • killed more than 11,000 people.

  • Our next story begins with a quote

  • concerning the US stock market.

  • "The bull market is showing signs of old age,

  • but it's not dead yet."

  • That was a CNN Business headline from August 19 of last year.

  • And the bull market it was talking about lives on.

  • Bulls and bears are used to symbolize

  • conditions on Wall Street.

  • A bull market is when prices are rising,

  • and it's one sign that the US economy is doing well.

  • How long will it last?

  • Well, there's a saying that bull markets and economic expansions

  • don't die of old age.

  • They don't just stop because they've

  • been going on a long time.

  • But if major stock indexes, like the Dow Jones Industrial

  • Average and the S&P 500, drop 20% or more

  • from their recent highs, we'll be

  • in what's called a bear market.

  • The question of whether that'll happen anytime soon

  • is something no one knows the answer to.

  • CHRISTINE ROMANS: It is the 10th birthday

  • of the current stock market bull run, the longest in history.

  • A bull rally born on a day when no one was celebrating.

  • March 9, 2009, when the Standard and Poor's 500 tanked to 676.

  • ZAIN VERJEE: Wolf, more devastating news for investors.

  • The Dow and the S&P are now down at new 12-year lows.

  • CHRISTINE ROMANS: From recession to recovery.

  • This is what it looks like.

  • The S&P 500 has more than quadrupled.

  • History made all along the way.

  • Stimulus, tax cuts, an auto bailout, a new health

  • care law, debt ceiling showdowns and a credit

  • downgrade of US debt.

  • A budget sequester and then, Democratic control giving

  • way to a GOP hold on Congress.

  • And ultimately, the White House.

  • More recently this.

  • The Trump rally, a 40% rise from Election Day to recent highs,

  • riding a wave of job creation.

  • Tax cuts and slashed regulations.

  • And once again, control of the House shifts back to Democrats.

  • The big question, the only question

  • is, will the bull live to see 11 years old?

  • The S&P 500 lost 6.2% in 2018, the worst showing

  • since the Great Recession.

  • And 2019 is a year with three big challenges.

  • Uncertainty about the global economy, particularly

  • in Europe and China.

  • Trade tensions between the US and China

  • have yet to be resolved.

  • And investors are worried about interest rates.

  • But the Federal Reserve has pivoted from scheduled rate

  • hikes to a more market-friendly approach of patience,

  • which could keep the life in the bull for a little bit longer.

  • [DIGITAL EFFECT]

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • CARL AZUZ: 10 second trivia.

  • During what war did the US officially begin to observe

  • daylight-saving time?

  • American Revolution, War of 1812,

  • US Civil War or World War I?

  • [TICKING]

  • It was in 1918 during the First World War,

  • that the US followed Germany and then Britain in observing

  • daylight-saving time.

  • There's a bit of controversy surrounding who first

  • proposed daylight-saving time.

  • Some credit USA founding father, Ben

  • Franklin, when he wrote about a schedule switch in an essay.

  • A New Zealand entomologist named George Hudson

  • proposed a time shift in 1895.

  • And William Willett, the great-great grandfather

  • of Coldplay's lead singer, also gets

  • credit, as you're about to hear, for daylight-saving time.

  • But regardless of who's to thank or to blame for it,

  • it's been observed by several countries

  • since the First World War, and getting rid of it,

  • at least in the US, would take an act of Congress.

  • [DIGITAL EFFECT]

  • JIM BOLDEN: This was a war where every hour counted.

  • On the battlefield and on the home front.

  • By 1916, an old idea had resurfaced,

  • one that was born in Britain near the home of time, the

  • Royal Observatory at Greenwich.

  • DR. LOUISE DEVOY: With the publication of a pamphlet

  • called "The Waste of Daylight."

  • And this was composed by a very entrepreneurial builder called

  • William Willett, who lived in Chislehurst, which is about 15

  • kilometers south of Greenwich.

  • And Willett was a keen horse rider,

  • and he used to go for early morning

  • rides in the local woods.

  • And it was on one of these rides he

  • noticed that all the blinds in the local houses were all down.

  • Everyone seemed to be in bed.

  • And as a very industrious and productive man,

  • he was appalled at this waste of time.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • - "Everyone appreciates the long light evenings.

  • Everyone laments their shrinkage as the days grow shorter.

  • And nearly everyone has given utterance to a regret

  • that the clear, bright light of early mornings

  • during spring and summer months is so seldom seen or used.

  • Now, if some of the hours of wasted sunlight

  • could be withdrawn from the beginning

  • and added to the end of the day, how many advantages

  • would be gained by all?"

  • JIM BOLDEN: Willetts died before he

  • saw his idea put into action, to save coal for the war effort.

  • But it was adopted at first by the Germans, not the British.

  • Postcards warn the population about the shift,

  • and why they owed it to their country not to forget.

  • The British followed a few weeks later and didn't miss a chance

  • for a dig at the Germans.

  • America came on board in 1918.

  • As DST spread around the world, countries adopted it,

  • dumped it or never tried it.

  • Still, the daylight debate rages every year.

  • The arguments exist whether it helps or harms

  • our health, and the economy.

  • While the wartime wisdom of saving energy

  • may no longer apply, for many of us,

  • the long summer evenings still endure.

  • The legacy of a war where so much was

  • lost to give us these freedoms.

  • Jim Bolden, CNN, London.

  • [DIGITAL EFFECT]

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • CARL AZUZ: Package delivery by drone.

  • It could happen sooner than you think,

  • but probably not in the way you think.

  • This is what's currently being tested

  • by a few American companies.

  • Some of them even use self-driving technology.

  • They can carry heavier packages than flying drones,

  • and they won't get in trouble with the Federal

  • Aviation Administration.

  • Will they drop off your order sooner

  • and save delivery companies the expense

  • of that costly last mile?

  • We don't know yet if they'll be able to deliver.

  • They may be packed with features,

  • but to become part and parcel of delivery,

  • they'll need the backing of major companies

  • before they're bundled with a bundle

  • and cartoned off to make a drop off

  • without dropping off the tracking device

  • that orders them around.

  • A single accident could lead to a bad unboxing,

  • and that's a can of worms no company wants to open.

  • I'm Carl Azuz, shipping out another edition of "CNN 10.

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