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CARL AZUZ: One chamber
of the US Congress

has voted to overturn a
presidential emergency

I'm Carl Azuz with your
down-the-middle explanation

of what that means.
When he was on the
campaign trail in 2016,

future US president
Donald Trump promised

to build a wall along America's
southern border with Mexico.

He recently asked Congress for
$5.7 billion to pay for it.

Congress did not approve that.
It set aside a little
less than $1.4 billion

for border security.
So earlier this
month, the president

declared a national emergency.
That would allow him to access
the money to build a wall

or barrier without the
approval of Congress,

even though Congress has the
constitutional control over how

the government
spends public money.

Presidents have been
allowed to declare

national emergencies under a
law that was passed in 1976.

And they've done
that dozens of times.

But under that
law, Congress also

has the authority to stop
the emergency declaration.

And while it hasn't done that
before, one chamber of it,

the House of
Representatives, voted

yesterday to overturn President
Trump's emergency declaration.

So what happens next?
Well, it's now up to the Senate
to vote in the weeks ahead.

And we don't know
how that'll turn out.

The house is controlled
by Democrats who

mostly disapprove of the wall.
In the Senate, Republicans,
who mostly support the wall,

have a small majority.
But some may still vote against
the Republican president's

Emergency declaration
because they're concerned

that a future
Democratic president

can use the same power to do
something they don't want.

Even if the Senate joins
the house in overturning

the emergency declaration,
President Trump

would veto that, and it
would probably stand.

But there are other challenges.
16 states have filed a lawsuit
to block the declaration

from going through.
President Trump said he expected
that and that the Supreme

Court would ultimately side
with his administration.

How and when all this
plays out is in the hands

of Congress and the courts.
Another priority
for President Trump

is getting the communist
nation of North Korea

to completely give up
its nuclear program.

He's in the Southeast
Asian country of Vietnam

right now for a
second historic summit

with North Korea's leader.
Kim Jong-un is
hoping that the US

will end its sanctions,
its economic penalties,

on his country.
The question of which nation
should make the first move

has been a sticking point since
the two leaders first summit

last summer.
Ahead of their second
meeting, the White House

said just the fact that these
rival leaders were getting

together was a victory and that
a third summit down the road

might be necessary for them
to reach a final agreement.

But several
international analysts

are saying that this summit is
when action needs to be taken.

President Donald Trump

and North Korean
leader Kim Jong-un

are meeting for a second time.
First, it was Singapore--
now, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Whatever you want to
call it, Trump-Kim,

Round Two, Trump-Kim, The
Sequel, Trump-Kim 2.0,

it's surreal.
These guys went from
trading threats--

be met with fire and fury.

exchanging letters.

we fell in love, OK?

No, really.
He wrote me beautiful letters.
WILL RIPLEY: But let's be real.
Analysts say it'll
take much more

than letters for
the Hanoi summit

to deliver what
Singapore did not--

actual progress on

The first summit was heavy on
symbolism, light on specifics.

Trump and Kim signed a
vaguely worded agreement.

It allowed them to walk away
with very different ideas

of what should happen next.
Now, you can argue
both sides have

taken steps to reduce tensions.
Before the summit,
Kim suspended missile

launches and nuclear tests.
The North Koreans even took
us to their nuclear test sites

so we could watch them
blow parts of it up.

After the summit, North
Korea handed over a few dozen

sets of Korean War remains.
Trump suspended joint military
exercises with South Korea.

He sent his top diplomat,
Mike Pompeo, to Pyongyang

four times.
MIKE POMPEO: We had productive,
good-faith negotiations.

talks fell apart.

The US wanted North Korea to be
transparent about its nuclear

program and to start
taking irreversible steps

to get rid of nuclear weapons.

WILL RIPLEY: Did that happen?
North Korea wanted
the US to ease up

on sanctions pressure,
work on building trust,

normalizing relations.
Did that happen?
That's what makes the second
summit in Hanoi so important.

Analysts say both
sides need to come

to the table with realistic
expectations, a willingness

to compromise, and they need to
walk away with a specific plan.

Singapore delivered plenty
of made-for-TV moments.

Hanoi needs to deliver results.
CARL AZUZ: 10-second
trivia, which

of these airports sees more
passengers than any other--

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta,
Beijing Capital, London

Heathrow, or Chicago O'Hare?
With more than 100 million
passengers annually,

Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson
International is considered

the world's busiest airport.
And it's near that airport
that a major US airline

has just opened a
massive facility

where jet engines are tested.
Let's say a plane with
two engines is in the air,

and one of them gives out.
The plane can still stay aloft.
But the thrust in
the working engine

needs to be increased quickly to
produce an extraordinary amount

of power.
And facilities like
this one are built

to make sure the engines,
with their tens of thousands

of parts, can
handle that pressure

long before they're mounted
on a plane and put in the air.

The future of testing some of
the most powerful jet engines

in the world is
right here at Delta's

brand-new facility in Atlanta.
MIKE MOORE: This is exciting
because this is the largest

test cell in the world.
And we're going to be able
to run engines 30, 40,

50 years into the future
because of the way

we've built this facility.
CARL AZUZ: The engines
that keep travelers

up in the air during tens of
thousands of flights a day

have to be checked regularly to
make sure they're safe to fly.

That's what this place is for.
airline engines

are getting bigger and
bigger because we're

building bigger and bigger, more
efficient wide-body aircraft.

test cell can handle

up to 150,000 pounds of thrust.
And when you think
of thrust, just think

of as you stand on a scale.
Instead of standing
on the scale,

you would hold the
scale horizontally

and push it in space.
That's thrust.
CARL AZUZ: Everything
in here is gigantic,

designed to keep the engines'
massive power inside the cell

and away from bystanders.
The walls are made of
concrete 3-feet thick,

and the doors weigh more
than 300,000 pounds.

A huge lift is
built into the floor

so workers can reach
the engines, which

can weigh more than 8 tons.
typical engine when

it goes through the rebuild
process is in a shop

anywhere from 60 to 90 days.
The engines are
completely disassembled.

All the piece parts
are inspected.

Everything's reassembled,
and then it has to come

to this facility to be tested.
The testing allows us to make
sure that oil, temperatures,

oil pressures, rotor speeds,
exhaust gas temperatures,

thrust, everything meets
the parameters that we know

that when we put it
out on the aircraft

that it's going to last as
long as it's supposed to.

expect this facility

to support not only
Delta Airlines but 150

other customers we have.
And that should
equate to about 1,000,

1,200 engines in the
next three to five years.

The real story
about this facility

is not that it's the largest
test cell in the world,

but it's what it represents.
It's a legacy our
senior technicians

are going to leave behind.
CARL AZUZ: It's all aimed
at making Delta more

competitive as more and more
airliners and passengers

take to the skies.
Winning 10 out of 10 today,
what could be the world's

most extreme model plane.
A Chinese farmer always dreamed
of owning a passenger jet,

but they're expensive.
So he built his own.
This is a model
of an Airbus A320.

It is life-sized.
It reportedly took more than
60 tons of steel to build,

and its materials cost the
farmer almost $400,000.

Along with a team of a few
other farmers turned mechanics,

they put this together in
a little over two years.

(RAPPING) It's a dream of a
model and a model of a dream.

Maybe it'll never catch
an in-flight airstream.

But it's taken off in interest
if not taken off the ground.

It's a soaring success even
though it's earthbound.

It's a one-to-one scale
reproduction fantasy.

Was it worth it?
Well, that's plain to see.
I'm Carl Azuz.
"CNN 10" is back tomorrow.


CNN 10 | CNN Student News | February 27 2019

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Yukiko 2019 年 3 月 12 日 に公開


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