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[MUSIC PLAYING]
CARL AZUZ: It's great to have
you catching up on world events

with CNN 10.
I'm Carl Azuz with your daily
down the middle explanations

of what's happening.
Every year the United
States around the time

of the Super Bowl, there's a
type of political Super Bowl

that takes place.
It's not an election.
It's an annual speech
the US president

gives to a joint session
of the US Congress.

And what that means is that
representatives and senators

are there along
with their guests.

There's a great deal of
tradition that surrounds

the State of the Union address.
It's given annually.
It's delivered in person.
It's broadcasted
on TV and online.

It's followed by a speech
from the political party

that opposes the president.
But none of this is required
by the Constitution.

It says only that the president
shall from time to time

give to the Congress information
of the State of the Union

and recommend to
their consideration

such measures as he shall
judge necessary and expedient.

Presidents could just
send Congress a letter.

And several American
leaders have.

But giving the speech
live before Congress

and the American public allows
modern presidents to personally

let people know what
they want to do and why

and try to build
support for their goals.

That's why State of
the Union speeches

like the one that
President Donald

Trump delivered
last night usually

cover a range of subjects.
DONALD TRUMP: And
my fellow Americans,

we meet tonight at a moment
of unlimited potential.

As we begin a new
Congress, I stand

here ready to work with you to
achieve historic breakthroughs

for all Americans.
The agenda I will
lay out this evening

is not a Republican agenda
or a Democrat agenda.

It's the agenda of
the American people.

Many of us have campaigned
on the same core promises

to defend American jobs
and demand fair trade

for American workers, to rebuild
and revitalize our nation's

infrastructure, to reduce
the price of health

care and prescription drugs.
In just over two years
since the election,

we have launched an
unprecedented economic boom,

a boom that has rarely
been seen before.

Members of Congress, the
state of our union is strong.

[APPLAUSE]
An economic miracle is taking
place in the United States.

And the only thing
that can stop it

are foolish wars,
politics, or ridiculous

partisan investigations.
[APPLAUSE]
If there is going to be peace
and legislation, there cannot

be war and investigation.
Now Republicans
and Democrats must

join forces again to confront
an urgent national crisis.

Congress has 10 days
left to pass a bill that

will fund our government,
protect our homeland,

and secure our very
dangerous southern border.

Now is the time for Congress to
show the world that America is

committed to ending
illegal immigration

and putting the
ruthless coyotes,

cartels, drug dealers, and human
traffickers out of business.

Most of the people in this
room voted for a wall,

but the proper wall never got
built. I will get it built.

CARL AZUZ: OK.
Speeches like that one have
been televised since 1947.

Another tradition carried
on last night began in 1966.

That's when two
Republican lawmakers

gave a response to the
democratic president's speech.

Since then, the opposing
party has gotten the chance

to outline its priorities
often immediately

after the presidential address.
President Trump is a Republican.
So a Democrat named
Stacey Abrams was chosen

to give her party's response.
She's from Georgia.
She was the Democratic
nominee for governor

in last year's race.
She lost the election but
received national media

coverage and got the chance to
speak to the nation last night.

STACEY ABRAMS: Our
most urgent work

is to realize America's
dreams of today and tomorrow,

to carve a path to
independence and prosperity

that can last a lifetime.
Children deserve an excellent
education from cradle

to career.
We owe them safe schools
and the highest standards

regardless of zip code.
From now on, our leaders must
be willing to tackle gun safety

measures and face the crippling
effect of educational loans,

to support educators
and invest what

is necessary to
unleash the power

of America's greatest minds.
Under the current
administration,

far too many hard working
Americans are falling behind,

living paycheck to paycheck.
Compassionate
treatment at the border

is not the same as open borders.
And Democrats stand
ready to effectively

secure our ports and borders.
But we must all embrace that
from agriculture to health care

to entrepreneurship, America is
made stronger by the presence

of immigrants, not walls.
America wins by fighting for
our shared values against all

enemies, foreign and domestic.
That is who we are.
And when we do so
never wavering,

the state of our union
will always be strong.

- 10 second trivia.
On what calendar is the
current year numbered 4717?

Lunar calendar, Jewish
calendar, Islamic calendar,

or Julian calendar?
As of Tuesday, it was
the Lunar Calendar

or the Chinese
Lunar solar calendar

that entered year 4717.
CARL AZUZ: Many Asian countries
observe Lunar New Year.

But it's in China, the
world's most populated nation,

that the world's largest human
migration takes place as people

go home for the new year.
We covered the impact on travel
on January 25th at cnn10.com.

Today we're looking at some
Chinese traditions associated

with the Lunar New Year.
The communist nation
is officially atheist.

But many Chinese
practice Buddhism

and folk religion
according to the US

Central Intelligence Agency.
And that's influenced
Lunar New Year customs.

ANDREW STEVENS: Chinese New
Year or the spring festival

is the biggest celebration
of the year for the Chinese.

It's a time when traditionally
business comes to a halt.

And the focus turns to
the home and to the family

and of course
appeasing the gods.

So what do you need
and where do you go?

We're here at a
typical Chinese market.

And one of the first things
anyone will buy is a fai chun.

These you will find on the
front door of people's homes.

This is a traditional
welcome spring fai chun.

But perhaps the most important
part of Chinese New Year

certainly for many
Chinese is the red packet,

the lai see packet.
Into one of these,
you will insert a

crisp, preferably new banknote.
Traditionally, the married
gives it to the unmarried

and the younger generation.
How much?
Well, that all depends on
how well you know that person

and of course how rich you are.
And then there's the flowers.
They are very important
and perhaps none more

important than the tangerine.
Now the Chinese
word for tangerine

rhymes with luck and as you
see, very, very popular,

as are the chrysanthemums.
These are a sign
of a good harvest,

a good income all year round.
And the narcissus
not much to look at.

But this actually
blossoms during Chinese

New Year, which means health,
good luck, and liveliness.

And it's always a good
idea to buy new clothes.

And the reason is--
thank you very much--
because-- you've
probably guessed it--

it brings good luck.
CARL AZUZ: Today I learned
that the average avocado

weighs around six ounces.
Not this beast.
It's closer to six pounds.
For years, a local farmer has
been bringing fruit like this

to a hospital in
Hawaii just to share.

The Guinness World record
for largest avocado

is five pounds, eight ounces.
So these may very
well beat that.

The farmer says gigantic
alligator pears, as they're

also called, have
been growing on a tree

his brother planted in 1941.
As some people put
it, holy guacamole!

If you find that
fruit appealing,

it's enough to
salad bowl you over.

He should write a
book on the avoca-dos

and avoca-don'ts
of growing them.

It's enough to make other
farmers green with envy.

I'm Carl Azuz.
And that's CNN 10.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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[CNN 10] February 6, 2019

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Yukiko 2019 年 2 月 14 日 に公開
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