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CARL AZUZ: 27 members of the European Union
have approved Britain's plan to leave the EU,
but will the plan pass in Britain itself?
That's the first topic we're tackling today on CNN 10.
I'm Carl Azuz.
It's great to see you.
The Brexit-- the British exit from the European Union--
was decided by British voters in the summer of 2016.
But if you look at the calendar, you get a sense of how
complicated the process is.
The European Union is a political and economic
partnership of dozens of countries.
It was established in 1993.
Two major reasons why Britons voted
to leave it 23 years later--
they wanted their country to set its own rules on issues
like immigration and international business
and not be governed by those of the broader European Union.
British Prime Minister Theresa May
has been working with other European leaders
to come up with a plan for how Britain will leave the EU.
They've done that.
Borders, trade, international cooperation are all part of it.
But while the European Union has approved Britain's Brexit plan,
the United Kingdom's parliament needs to do that, too.
And there are multiple critics of the plan inside Britain,
including people on both sides of the country's
vote to leave the EU.
Beyond Europe, US President Donald Trump
has also voiced concerns about Britain's
ability to trade with America based
on how the deal stands now.
British Prime Minister May says her country
and the US have already started discussions
on how that will work.
She also says there is not a better
deal available for her country.
December 11 is the date when Britain's parliament
will have what it calls a meaningful vote
on the Brexit deal.
Brexit isn't the only thing keeping
Britain's parliament busy.
Some of its members are also participating
in an investigation concerning Facebook and disinformation--
fake or misleading information.
Yesterday, lawmakers from the UK and eight other countries
attended an event called the International Grand
Committee on Disinformation.
It was held three weeks after a British government report came
out that accused Facebook of not doing enough to keep its users'
personal information safe.
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg was invited,
but he didn't attend the hearing.
Instead, a vice president of public policy for Facebook,
who's also a member of Parliament's House of Lords,
was asked questions about Facebook concerning security.
As Facebook grapples with scrutiny in Europe,
it's part of a tech company effort
to connect with hundreds of millions in India.
- By 2024, one out of every five people on the planet
will live in India.
India is already the world's largest democracy and fastest
growing major economy.
But right now, fewer than 40% of its 1.3 billion people
have access to the internet.
For companies like Google, Amazon, and Facebook,
that's a problem, one that they're
spending billions to fix.
MARK ZUCKERBERG: If you really have a mission of connecting
every person in the world, you can't do that without helping
to connect everyone in India.
RAJAN ANANDAN: As Google, we are extremely committed to India.
Our mission in India is internet for every Indian.
- The battle to bring the internet to India is on.
At stake, nearly a billion new users and, perhaps even more
importantly, a leg up on the future of the internet
everywhere in 2018.
Walmart acquired Indian online retailer
Flipkart for $16 billion.
And in a recent sale event, Amazon sold more than 1 million
phones in just a single day.
Yet even with those huge numbers,
e-commerce only accounts for roughly 2.5%
of India's retail sales.
For big tech companies like Google,
that presents an immense opportunity for growth.
RAJAN ANANDAN: We decided to put high speed free public Wi-Fi
in India's railway stations.
[INAUDIBLE] today.
Through the course of that, we built a product
called Google Station.
Now, that Google Station is now actually going
to other emerging markets, where affordable access
is a constraint--
Africa, Southeast Asia, and so on and so forth.
- The more people that use Google, the stronger Google
gets.
It's in the business of collecting data to sell ads.
And India alone could offer Google two times more
data than all of North America.
SUNDAR PICHAI: One of the things which
I'm really excited by is giving everyone in India one day
a chance to carry smartphone with full connectivity.
- Facebook sees an equally big opportunity.
ANKHI DAS: India is a very, very big priority for us
company-wide.
We do want India to play a very important
role in global digital trade.
- But there are also challenges.
Many apps aren't written in Indian languages.
And though mobile data is extraordinarily cheap,
smartphones are still way too expensive
for many Indians to afford.
RAJAN ANANDAN: Pricing is everything.
Tomorrow morning, if I could wake up
and had one wish for the Indian internet,
I would say it would be a much more
affordable quality smartphone.
And if we could do that, then I think literally overnight,
we could double the user base in India.
- The biggest challenge, though, might be the Indian government.
Officials there have watched the data
breaches and privacy debates play out
in other parts of the world.
MARK ZUCKERBERG: That includes the basic responsibility
of protecting people's information, which we failed
to do with Cambridge Analytica.
- And they're taking a hard line.
Regulators have blocked Google's plans for street view mapping
and even prevented Facebook from using
the promise of free internet to push its app.
Now, new regulation could restrict
how tech companies can gather information from Indian users.
AMITABH KANT: I think India needs a balance between privacy
and innovativeness.
And you can't keep data locked up,
but you need innovation to take place.
So the right balance needs to be struck.
And probably India will find the right balance.
SUNDAR PICHAI: A lot of the people
who are coming online in the next phase of growth
are going to be first time internet users.
And therefore, our ability to make sure that people have
the tools to understand what are safe internet practices
is going to be a very important area of work,
both for us as a company, but also
for the community to embrace.
VIJAY SHEKHAR SHARMA; We have to build policies that take care
of this country's assets and resources,
and still welcome ton of money from outside.
- As millions of Indians come online,
regulators and tech companies have the benefit of hindsight.
How would the internet of today be different if we knew
in the '90s what we know now?
Could we do a better job with privacy, equal access,
protection, and free speech?
India is not only a staggering economic opportunity.
It's also a second chance of making the internet
better for everyone everywhere.
CARL AZUZ: NASA is involved in about
eight active missions to Mars.
The latest centers on a Lander named Insight.
It's about the size of a 1960s convertible, according to NASA.
But unlike one of those, or the three rovers on Mars,
Insight won't actually go anywhere during its two
year, $850 million mission.
Jeanne Moos explains what it will do.
JEANNE MOOS: You think your flight was long?
It took Insight almost seven months to get to Mars.
At least your landing didn't require a heat shield
to withstand 3,000 degree temperatures
and a supersonic parachute to slow down.
The lander had to stretch its legs.
No wonder the folks at NASA cheered every successful step--
- The radar has locked on the ground.
JEANNE MOOS: And watch parties turned into nail biters.
- 37 meters, 17 meters, standing by for touchdown.
- Every time she made a call out,
the hairs on the back of my neck would start
rising a little bit higher.
- Touchdown confirmed.
JEANNE MOOS: There were epic handshakes, high fives,
fist bumps, and hugs.
Mission leaders raised their hands in jubilation,
museum goers cheered--
- Touchdown confirmed.
JEANNE MOOS: While a drenched audience watching
on a giant screen in Times Square
faced conditions only slightly more hospitable than Mars.
Within minutes of landing came the first image.
- They got it.
There it is.
JEANNE MOOS: There what is?
Termites on a desert?
Microbes under a microscope?
Actually, that's Mars dust on the dust cover.
- And there is the horizon back there, the bluish sky.
JEANNE MOOS: When it comes to picking a parking spot on Mars,
think flat, like Kansas without the corn
is how NASA described the landing zone.
The mission is designed to explore the interior of Mars.
A probe will burrow 16 feet deep to take
the planet's temperature.
A seismometer will look for Mars quakes.
NASA's administrator estimated the US won't land
a human on Mars till the mid 2030s,
though some expected to see Matt Damon's
step out of Insight's lander.
MATT DAMON: But I'm still alive.
JEANNE MOOS: So is the lander.
The day began with fingers crossed and ended
with a line of high fives and a handshake
worthy of an NFL touchdown.
CARL AZUZ: So a spirited reaction to Insight's landing.
Scientists and mavens were excited about the opportunity
to express another reconnaissance laboratory
to the red planet, add to their curiosity about it,
and continue on their Mars odyssey.
It's not every day you see people so excited when
a mission gets on the ground.
I'm Carl Azuz for CNN.
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CNN 10 | CNN Student News | November 28 2018

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Evangeline 2018 年 11 月 28 日 に公開
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