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  • Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo Calderón, better known as Frida Kahlo, was born in Coyoacán

  • on July 6th 1907.

  • She was a mexican painter and poet.

  • Frida grew up in the famous Blue House in Coyoacán, with her dad Guillermo Kahlo (german,

  • who became a naturalised mexican) and her mom Matilde Calderón.

  • Frida had three sisters: Matilde, Adriana and Cristina, 11 months younger than her,

  • and a brother, Guillermo, who died some days after he was born.

  • Frida also had 3 older sisters on her dads side: Luisa, Margarita and María, who also

  • died soon after she was born.

  • Frida's childhood was marked by the different illnesses she went through, leaving permanent

  • sequels on her.

  • Her dad, wanting to cheer her up and looking for a way of rehabilitation for her, encouraged

  • her to practise sports such as soccer or boxing.

  • Contrary to the good relationship she had with her dad, Frida's relationship with

  • her mom always went through ups and downs.

  • It was not a constant in Frida's life.

  • In 1922, she enrolled in the National Preparatory High School, in Mexico , where she wanted

  • to study medicine.

  • Here, she got to know future mexican intellectuals and artists, such as Salvador Novo, or Alejandro

  • Gomez Arias (who will also become her boyfriend), among others.

  • Frida joined the group The Cachuchas, named after the caps they used.

  • They defined themselves as a political group, crítical with authorities and injustice.

  • Frida started working as an apprentice at Fernando Fernandez Dominguez 's engraving

  • and printing workshop, a friend of her dad.

  • He taught her how to paint imitating Anders Zorn.

  • On september 17th 1925, Frida suffered a serioustraffic accident.

  • She was travelling on a bus that got moved down by a tram.

  • She suffered several injuries, broken pelvic bone, spinal column

  • She had to go through different methods of rehabilitation that would leave a mark on

  • her forever.

  • Plaster corsets, mechanisms of stretching...

  • During her long convalescence (convalésens), she started painting constantly.

  • And this is how painting becomes an essential part of her life.

  • In 1926 she painted her first self portrait, dedicated to Alejandro.

  • In this first work, we can already see a characteristic that will be a constant in her works: reflecting

  • how she sees life and how things make her feel.

  • At this period, Frida had already started to frequent political, artistic and intellectual

  • spheres.

  • There, she would meet Diego Rivera, 21 years older than her.

  • Soon, Frida would be attending the meetings of the Mexican Communist Party, of which Diego

  • was a member.

  • . In 1928, Frida visited Rivera when he was

  • working in one of his famous murals, with the intention of showing him her own works.

  • Rivera was impressed and encouraged her to keep painting.

  • From that moment on, Diego was a constant guess at the Kahlo's home.

  • On August 21st 1929, they got married.

  • This marriage was even known as theunion between an elephant and a dove”.

  • Diego was big and obese; Frida, little and thin.

  • Their relationship was based on love, adventures with other people, a creative link and hate.

  • Even tho the doctors told Frida she couldnt have children because of her INJURIES, she

  • got pregnant in 1930.

  • However, because of the sequels of the accident and the baby's position, her pregnancy had

  • to be interrupted.

  • It took her long to accept she could never have children...

  • Despite the adventures from both sides, the couple perfectly complemented each other in

  • many aspects.

  • Diego loved her paintings and was her biggest fan, however

  • Frida was her husbands biggest critic.

  • Due to the political atmosphere at the time and thanks to Diegos fame in the US, the couple

  • moved there.

  • Frida would then have contact with Giorgio de Chirico's influences.

  • In Detroit, during one of Diego's orders, she went through another abortion.

  • The pain she felt was captured in several of her works.

  • After this terrible event, they went back to Mexico in 1933.

  • In 1939 Kahlo and Rivera got divorced, after several infidelities - the most painful of

  • them, Diego and Frida's sister, Cristina.

  • At the time, Frida had an affair with the communist leader León Trotsky, who lived,

  • exiled those years in the Blue House.

  • After Leóns assassination by a member of the NKVD, Frida was blamed and arrested, tho

  • set free not long after.

  • A year later, they married again.

  • It was more of a friendly agreement than an usual marriage.

  • During those years, the recognition of her works kept growing, and she participated in

  • several expositions, at the MOMA in New York, among others.

  • In 1953, the only individual exposition in Mexico City took place.

  • Frida was very weak, and she went to the event in an ambulance, on a hospital bed.

  • That same year they had to amputate her right leg, below her knee, due to gangrene.

  • This sent her into a profound depression.

  • She tried to kill herself several times.

  • In the end, Frida Kahlo died in Coyoacan on July 13th 1954.

  • She was cremated and her ashes lie in the Blue House, a museum now.

  • The last words in her diary were “I joyfully await the exitand I hope never to return

  • Her personality has been adopted as one of the international icons of feminism.

  • Frida Kahlo has turned into a cultural reference, a myth that lives beyond the image the painter

  • had created

  • of herself.

  • Long live our Frida!

Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo Calderón, better known as Frida Kahlo, was born in Coyoacán

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FRIDA KAHLO|ドローマイライフ (FRIDA KAHLO | Draw My Life)

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    Caurora に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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