中級 5189 タグ追加 保存
動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
字幕の修正報告
You are walking in one of the most famous gardens in the world; the royal Gardens of
Versailles. The gardens cover a mighty 800 hectares of land. The majority of the land
is covered by finely landscaped woodland areas and several magnificent gardens with classic
French Garden style. These gardens were founded by Louis XIII in
1632. However, many say that the real founder was his son, Louis XIV, as he was the one
who laid the real foundation for the grand garden you can see today. In 1661, Louis XIV
hired the best architects, painters, and landscape-designers to work on what would become his life project;
the Château de Versailles and its magnificent gardens. In 1682, Louis XIV had his court
moved from Paris to Versailles, making it the official royal palace of France.
From this point on, Louis began an embellishment and expansion program at Versailles that would
occupy his time and worries for the remainder of his reign. At this time, the expansion
of the gardens followed the expansions of the château and each step was carefully managed
under the king's directions. At some stages, Louis even put more focus on the gardens than
on the château itself. Throughout the gardens, Louis had a clear theme with focus on the
sun god, Apollo, and other solar imagery. This was due to the fact that Louis XIV related
himself with the sun and was commonly known as the "Sun King". With this, the gardens
assumed the topographical and iconological design that would remain in force until the
18th century. The "Sun King's" successor, Louis XV, did
not engage in the same costly building project as the prior ruler. The gardens only saw minor
additions during his 60 years at the throne. However, during the reign of the following
king, Louis XVI, the gardens underwent a major transformation, as he also had a passion for
spending money on Château de Versailles and its gardens. Several tree formations dating
back to the era of the "Sun King" were changed and tree were felled and uprooted. This wasn't
done of ill will, but rather a necessary step as many of the trees were diseased or over-grown
and needed to be replaced. Also, as the 17th century garden had fallen out of fashion,
this re-plantation sought to establish a more up to date style in the gardens, a style that
would also be less expensive to maintain. The majority of the gardens you can see today
dates back to this era, even though minor re-plantations has taken place after the rule
of Louis XVI, mainly due natural wear and tear caused for example by storms and erosions.
After the following French Revolution, some of the trees in the gardens were felled on
order from the reigning National Convention. Sensing the potential threat to Versailles,
as it has strong links to the monarchy the revolution sought to destroy, some prominent
people convinced the National Convention to open the gardens for the public instead of
destroying it. The suggestion was accepted, which likely saved the gardens from destruction.
During the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte in early 19th century, Château de Versailles
and its gardens were to a large extent ignored. Napoleon had more important things to worry
about and cared little about architecture and gardening.
Today however, the gardens are everything but ignored. It is one of the most visited
sites in France, with several million visitors each year. Both tourists and locals come to
the gardens to experience the serenity and beauty it offers.
The gardens along with the chateau were inscribed on the UNESCO world heritage list in 1979
and is today seen as one of the icons of France. Inside the gardens you can admire more than
50 fountains, several statues of bronze and marble and a multitude of beautiful tree formations.
Or why not take a walk along the Grand Canal, reaching more than 1.5 km into vast gardens.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

◄ Gardens of Versailles, France [HD] ►

5189 タグ追加 保存
ABbla Chung 2013 年 9 月 10 日 に公開
お勧め動画

コメント

読み込み中…
  1. 1. クリック一つで単語を検索

    右側のスプリクトの単語をクリックするだけで即座に意味が検索できます。

  2. 2. リピート機能

    クリックするだけで同じフレーズを何回もリピート可能!

  3. 3. ショートカット

    キーボードショートカットを使うことによって勉強の効率を上げることが出来ます。

  4. 4. 字幕の表示/非表示

    日・英のボタンをクリックすることで自由に字幕のオンオフを切り替えられます。

  5. 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア

    コードを貼り付けてVoiceTubeの動画再生プレーヤーをブログ等でシェアすることが出来ます!

  6. 6. 全画面再生

    左側の矢印をクリックすることで全画面で再生できるようになります。

  1. クイズ付き動画

    リスニングクイズに挑戦!

  1. クリックしてメモを表示

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔