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  • A series of remarks by British officials about the country’s future actions in the South

  • China Sea quickly reverberated across the world, prompting headlines that suggested

  • a more muscular role by the Britain in South China Sea.

  • Britain’s rising concern about the South China Sea is nothing new.

  • Indeed, British officials have been making clear over the past few years that even though

  • they do want to develop their economic ties with China, they are concerned by Beijing’s

  • unlawful actions in the South China Sea.

  • Mr Boris Johnson said: “One of the first things we will do with the two new colossal

  • aircraft carriers that we have just built is send them on a freedom of navigation operation

  • to this area to vindicate our belief in the rules-based international system and in the

  • freedom of navigation through those waterways which are absolutely vital for world trade.”

  • The reference to colossal aircraft carriers is to QUEEN ELIZABETH CLASS CARRIERS, that

  • is HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales.

  • In this video, Defense Updates analyzes the power of Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers

  • and examines why China is concerned?

  • Lets get started.

  • In May 1997, the newly elected Labour government launched the Strategic Defense Review (SDR)

  • which re-evaluated every weapon system (active or in procurement) with the exception of the

  • Eurofighter Typhoon and the Vanguard-class ballistic missile submarines.

  • One of the important outcomes of the report was that the government intended to replace

  • the current carrier force with two larger vessels capable of deploying up to 50 aircraft,

  • including helicopters.

  • This decision was taken to augment the strategic capability of Royal Navy and ultimately led

  • to the development of Queen Elizabeth class carrier.

  • The ships are being built by partnership comprising arms makers BAE Systems, Babcock, Thales and

  • the Ministry of Defense.

  • The Queen Elizabeth class vessels can be described as super carriers as they will displace approximately

  • 70,600 tons each.

  • It’s over three times the displacement of its predecessor, the Invincible class.

  • Its 280 m in length, which makes it about 2 and half times as large as a football field.

  • The vessels of this class are largest warships ever built in the United Kingdom and are only

  • elapsed by the American Nimitz and Ford class supercarriers that have displacement of 100,000 tons.

  • The power is supplied by 2 Rolls-Royce Marine

  • Trent MT30 36 MW (48,000 hp) gas turbine generator units and 4 Wärtsilä diesel generator sets

  • (two 9 MW or 12,000 hp and two 11 MW or 15,000 hp sets).

  • Queen Elizabeth class is capable of speed inn excess of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph).

  • It has range of 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi).

  • The combination of good speed and excellent range make this class of carrier a tremendous platform.

  • The ship's main radar is the BAE Systems and Thales S1850M, the same as fitted to the Type

  • 45 destroyers, for long-range wide-area search.

  • The S1850M has a fully automatic detection and track initiation that can track up to

  • 1,000 air targets at a range of around 400 KM (250 mi).

  • The BAE Systems Artisan 3D Type 997 maritime medium-range active electronically scanned

  • array radar will also be present.

  • BAE claims Artisan can "track a target the size of a snooker ball over 20 km (12 mi)

  • away", with a maximum range of 200 km.

  • The 2 radars compliment each other and enable the carrier with an excellent situational awareness.

  • The Queen Elizabeth class is designed to accommodate 40 aircrafts with a maximum capability of

  • carrying 50 aircrafts.

  • With the retirement of the Harrier in 2010, there remains no carrier-capable fixed-wing

  • aircraft available to the Royal Navy or Royal Air Force.

  • The intended replacement is F 35B, which will be the main offensive package.

  • Each of the carriers will be carrying 36 to 40 F 35B.

  • The aircraft are expected to begin trials flying from Queen Elizabeth in 2018 with a

  • carrier air wing fully operational by 2020.

  • The 5th generation stealth multirole fighter is capable of deep strike missions.

  • Other than that several different combination of helicopters will be deployed depending

  • on operational needs.

  • These include Merlin HM2 and HC4, Wildcat AH1 and HMA2 and Merlin Crowsnest Airborne

  • Early Warning (AEW) helicopter.

  • Visibly concerned Chinese Foreign Ministry angrily denounced the idea of British supercarriers

  • in South China Sea, saying 'certain outside countries are determined to stir up trouble'

  • in the region.

  • Spokesman Lu Kang said: 'Whatever banners these countries or officials claim to uphold,

  • and whatever excuses they claim to have, their track record of bringing chaos and humanitarian

  • disasters through their so-called moral interventions in other parts of the world is enough to make

  • nations and people in the region maintain high vigilance’.

  • China has unilaterally build infrastructures and deployed military assets in the disputed territory.

  • Apart from China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, and Taiwan have claims to the region.

  • Last year Hague international tribunal dismissed Beijing’s claim to the region saying there

  • wasno evidence that China had historically exercised exclusive control over the waters

  • or their resources’.

  • US, UK, Japan, India & Australia have no claims to the region but want to have freedom of

  • navigation as its an important sea route with 5 trillion $ in trade, half of global merchant

  • shipping and 1/2 of world’s oil shipment passing through it.

  • Britain seems to be hardening its stand on the issue and is now confronting China directly.

  • Apart from statements, the British response has also included a series of actual steps on ground.

  • The flying of RAF Typhoons through the South China Sea announced last year and their participation

  • in exercises with Japan, South Korea, and Malaysia are some of the moves to be noted.

  • U.S. Navy Carrier Strike Group 1 group has already started patrols in the South China

  • Sea, led by the Nimitz-class supercarrier USS Carl Vinson.

  • US, India and Japan are participating in exercise Malabar, with direct aim of challenging China’s

  • aggressive posturing.

  • The fact that the now Britain is taking sides in the dispute will result as a major headache for China.

  • As 4 major powers US, UK, Japan & India are now focusing to push back China on several

  • fronts, it remains to be witnessed how China responds.

A series of remarks by British officials about the country’s future actions in the South

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エリザベス女王クラス-南シナ海に派遣される予定 (QUEEN ELIZABETH CLASS- TO BE DEPLOYED IN SOUTH CHINA SEA)

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    williamhethacker に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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