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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
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Do you ever get confused
about when to use to and when to use for?
Well this video should help you understand
how and when to use them.
I'll start off by going through three cases
where both for and to can be used
in different ways.
I'll then talk you through six situations
where you can use to
and six situations where you can use for.
And hopefully you'll finish the video knowing
much more about to and for
and feeling much more confident when speaking.
Now I will tell you that here I am referring
to to and for as prepositions
but in some of these cases,
they are not considered prepositions
but for simplicity we're going
to treat them as if they were.
I don't want to get too grammatical with you
because I honestly don't think
it would add anything to this lesson.
I just want you to learn and understand English.
Ah, important, remember to connect with me
on all my social media.
Obviously subscribe to me here,
on my YouTube channel.
You can also like my page on Facebook,
I post regularly.
I also have my Instagram page,
which I recently started
and also to my Chinese followers,
I have Webo.
So all of the information is just here.
So many of you would know that I am
an English teacher, here in London.
And the vast majority of my students are Spanish.
And a phrase that I hear rather a lot,
rather too much actually is
"I moved to London for to learn English".
Now I want to help you guys here
and the first point is
Lon don, mmm mmm.
I live in London, London.
Lon don doesn't exist.
Lon don is not a place as far as I'm concerned.
So London.
So the next point is for to learn.
I hear many, many students use
for with the infinitive
and this is wrong.
This is something you have to completely delete
from your brain.
Forget it, never use it again
because it doesn't exist in English.
So in this video I'm going to teach you
when and how to use for
and when and how to use to.
Okay, so when we are expressing reason,
we can use both for and to.
So lets talk about going to supermarket.
I went to the supermarket to buy apples.
I went to the supermarket for apples.
So the biggest difference here is that
in the first example, to refers to the action.
We're using a verb.
In the second example for refers
to the noun, apples.
For apples or to buy apples, okay?
So both can be used.
So now I've got a question for you.
I moved to London beep learn English.
Would it be for or would it be to?
Well learn is a verb.
So it would of course be to.
Okay, now on to the next one
which is ever so slightly more complicated.
And this is all about indicating a recipient.
A recipient is someone who receives something.
So, I made a cake for Felicity.
I gave the cake to Felicity.
Felicity sold it to Ellie.
Felicity and Ellie are my best friends,
by the way.
I hope they don't mind being used
in my lesson.
So, with made we use for
but with gave and sold we use to.
And that's because these verbs show movement
or a transfer of something from one place
to another or one person to another.
So I gave the cake to Felicity.
I passed it from me to her
but originally I made it for her.
I created it for her, there's no movement
in this verb.
Okay now onto expressing intention.
And this is another situation
in which both for and to can be used
but in different ways.
I asked her to give me the keys.
I asked her for the keys.
Much like the first one for goes with the noun
and to goes with the verb.
It's really quite simple.
I asked someone to do something
or I asked someone for something.
Okay so here I've got some general situations
where we use to and not for.
Now these aren't fixed rules.
We don't have many fixed rules in English
but this should help you to be able
to communicate more efficiently.
So the first one,
one that we've already discussed,
motive or reason with a verb.
I came here to talk to you.
Talk is the verb so we use to.
Then we have telling the time.
Lets meet at ten to nine.
Ten ta nine, when I say it,
I say ta, ten ta nine.
Distance.
It is about 10 kilometres
from my house to yours.
It's about 10 kilometres
from my house to your house.
Comparing.
I prefer apples to oranges.
I prefer apples ta oranges.
You will notice that I'm saying ta not to.
This is another mistake that
non natives tend to make.
Destination.
We are going to France.
We are going ta France.
And the one we looked at before,
transferring, so to give, to send, to sell
among many other options.
I sent it to her yesterday.
I sent it to her yesterday.
Ta her yesterday.
Okay, now I have six situations
where you should use for.
Again not strict rules,
just indications that will help you,
improve your communication in English.
So the first one is if something is beneficial
or detrimental.
This means if something is good for you
or bad for you.
Drinking water is good for you.
Okay? or drinking too much wine is bad for you.
And then we have periods of time.
I lived in Spain for a couple of years.
Then we have schedules and arrangements.
I've made an appointment for the the fourth of May.
Now this is important.
Although I wrote forth May,
I say the fourth of May
No one says "I've made an appointment
for fourth May".
The fourth of May.
Americans would say May fourth
but in Britain, we say the fourth of May.
Right, motive or reason with a noun.
This we've discussed at the beginning of the video.
I went to the shop for milk.
Then we have doing something to help someone.
So, can I carry that for you?
Then I have function with an i-n-g verb.
So a spoon is used for eating
or wine is made for drinking.
You know me.
Thank you for watching this video.
I hope its helped you understand a little more
about how to use to and for.
Make sure you connect
with me on all my social media.
I love communicating with all of you.
And check back soon for another video.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

TO or FOR??? English Prepositions | English with Lucy

15620 タグ追加 保存
Fu Ting Lee 2018 年 6 月 26 日 に公開
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