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  • Elite Facts Presents

  • 8 Interesting Facts about Mayan Civilization

  • 8.

  • Continuing Culture Although the mayan civilization has taken

  • a massive declined since their society has been conquered, in many rural parts of Mexico

  • and Guatemala, The Mayan language and culture is still present showing that the culture

  • although isn't massive, is still alive and well to this day!

  • In fact, there are over seven million Mayans living in their home regions, many of whom

  • have managed to maintain substantial remnants of their ancient cultural heritage.

  • Some of these people are quite integrated into the modern cultures of the nations in

  • which they reside, while others continue to live a more traditional culturally distinct

  • life, often speaking one of the Mayan languages as a primary language.

  • The largest populations of contemporary Maya inhabit the Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche,

  • Quintana Roo, Tabasco, and Chiapas, and in the Central American countries of Belize,

  • Guatemala, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador.

  • Also on another note, Theyre a biker gang in Sons of Anarchy so at least their name

  • sake and heritage is still being used to some degree in modern media right?.....Right?

  • 7.

  • Excellent Doctors So as it turns out, The Mayans had excellent

  • health care and doctors.

  • Considering how ancient their society is, It's surprising how advanced their knowledge

  • of medicine, Even if it is outdated by today's standards.

  • Health and medicine among the ancient Maya was a complex blend of mind, body, religion,

  • ritual, and science.

  • Important to all, medicine was practiced only by a select few who were given an excellent

  • education.

  • These men, called shamans, act as a medium between the physical world and spirit world.

  • They practice sorcery for the purpose of healing, foresight, and control over natural events.

  • Since medicine was so closely related to religion and even sorcery.

  • Back when the mayan civilization was strong, was essential that Maya shamans had vast and

  • extensive medical knowledge and skill.

  • It is known that the Maya sutured wounds with human hair, reduced fractures, and were even

  • skilled dental surgeons, making prostheses from jade and turquoise and filling teeth

  • with iron pyrite.

  • 6.

  • Painkillers Who would have thought in a society that incorporated

  • blood sacrifices into their everyday lifestyle, also knew their fair share about medicine?

  • The people of Mayan civilizations would regularly use hallucinogenic drugs that were taken naturally

  • from the earth and is used in their religious rituals.

  • That being said, These drugs and herbs were also used extensively outside of this rituals

  • as they also used them in day to day life as painkillers.

  • Flora such as peyote, the morning glory, certain mushrooms, tobacco, and plants used to make

  • alcoholic substances, were widely and commonly used by the mayans.

  • In addition, as depicted in Maya pottery and carvings, ritual enemas were used for a more

  • rapid absorption and effect of the substance.

  • 5.

  • Mayan Childhood Now this one is a bit messed up to say the

  • least.

  • The Maya desired some unnatural physical characteristics for their children.

  • Why any parent would want this for their child, is beyond us, However these examples of "unique

  • features" include the likes of using pressurized board on the top of a very young foreheads

  • to create a flattened surface.

  • This process was widespread among the upper class.

  • Another practice was to cross babieseyes.

  • To do this, objects were dangled in front of a newborn’s eyes, until the newborn’s

  • eyes were completely and permanently crossed.

  • Another interesting fact about Mayan children is that most were named according to the day

  • they were born.

  • Every day of the year had a specific name for both boys and girls and parents were expected

  • to follow that practice.

  • 4.

  • Ball Courts Nothing like a good game of b-ball is there?

  • So as it turns out, Mayans were pretty big on ball games.

  • So much so that they build massive courts in order to play these games.

  • The Mesoamerican ballgame was a sport with ritual associations played for over 3000 years

  • by the pre-Columbian peoples of Mesoamerica.

  • This sport was essentially basketball with the acending hoops on either side of the court.

  • Crazy to think huh?

  • The sport had different versions in different places during the millennia, and a modern

  • version of the game, ulama, is still played in a few places by the local indigenous population.

  • Ballcourts were public spaces used for a variety of elite cultural events and ritual activities

  • like musical performances and festivals, and of course, the ballgame.

  • Enclosed on two sides by stepped ramps that led to ceremonial platforms or small temples,

  • the ball court itself was of a capital “I” shape and could be found in all but the smallest

  • of Maya cities.

  • In Classic Maya, the ballgame was called pitz, and the action of play was ti pitziil.

  • The game was played with a ball roughly the size of a volleyball but made from rubber.

  • Don't try headering this ball if you for whatever reason decide to play soccer with it.

  • Decapitation was also particularly associated with this ballgame as severed heads are featured

  • in much Late Classic ballgame art.

  • There has even been speculation that the heads and skulls were used as balls.

  • Yeah, suddenly this fact took a dark turn rather quickly.

  • Suddenly ball games don't sound so fun now!

  • 3.

  • Saunas Nothing better than a good sauna!

  • Saunas were very common in Mayan culture.

  • They were an important purification element to the ancient Maya was the sweat bath, or

  • zumpul-ché.

  • Pretty much similar to what you'd expect from a modern day sauna, Sweat baths were constructed

  • of stone walls and ceilings, with a small opening in the top of the ceiling.

  • Water poured onto the hot rocks in the room created steam, offering a setting in which

  • to sweat out impurities.

  • These saunas were used for a variety of reasons at it was a method of either curing or helping

  • with a range of conditions and situations that are taking their toll on the human body.

  • New mothers who had recently conceived a child would seek revitalization in them, while individuals

  • who were sick could find healing power in sweating.

  • Maya kings made a habit out of visiting the sweat baths as well because it left them feeling

  • refreshed and, as they believed, cleaner.

  • 2.

  • Life Goes On We all know about the Mayan calendar.

  • December 21st 2012 marked the end of the world as it was supposedly the final day on the

  • mayan calendar, meaning that, that was the end!

  • First of all, the Mayans don’t have a calendar they have calendars which are often interlocked.

  • The calendar that has given rise to the myth of the end of the world is the Mayan long

  • count calendar.

  • According to Mayan Mythology, we are living in the fourth world orcreationso to

  • speak.

  • The previous creation ended on 12.19.19.17.19 of the long count calendar.

  • That sequence occurred again on December 20, 2012.

  • According to the Mayans this is a time of great celebration for having reached the end

  • of a creation cycle.

  • It wasn't all doom and gloom as it did not mean the end of the world but the beginning

  • of a newage”.

  • Was the world going end every December 31st?

  • Nowe went on to a new year.

  • Life went on.

  • This is the same as the Mayan creation periods.

  • In fact, the Mayans make many references to dates that fall beyond 2012.

  • The idea of 2012 being the end of the world was actually first suggested by New Age religionist

  • José Argüelles in his 1987 book The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology.

  • 1.

  • Ancient Mystery Since it's end, Nobody knows how the Mayan

  • Empire declined.

  • For reasons that are still debated, the Maya centers of the southern lowlands went into

  • decline during the 8th and 9th centuries and were abandoned shortly thereafter.

  • This decline was coupled with a cessation of monumental inscriptions and large-scale

  • architectural construction.

  • Non-ecological theories of Maya decline are divided into several subcategories, such as

  • overpopulation, foreign invasion, peasant revolt, and the collapse of key trade routes.

  • Ecological hypotheses include environmental disaster, epidemic disease, and climate change.

  • There is evidence that the Maya population exceeded carrying capacity of the environment

  • including exhaustion of agricultural potential and over-hunting of megafauna.

  • Some scholars have recently theorized that an intense 200 year drought led to the collapse

  • of Maya civilization.

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マヤ文明についての8つの興味深い事実 (8 Interesting Facts About Mayan Civilization)

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    Bruce Lee に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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