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  • In mythological ancient Greece,

  • soaring above Crete on wings made from wax and feathers,

  • Icarus, the son of Daedalus, defied the laws of both man and nature.

  • Ignoring the warnings of his father, he rose higher and higher.

  • To witnesses on the ground, he looked like a god,

  • and as he peered down from above, he felt like one, too.

  • But, in mythological ancient Greece,

  • the line that separated god from man was absolute

  • and the punishment for mortals who attempted to cross it was severe.

  • Such was the case for Icarus and Daedalus.

  • Years before Icarus was born,

  • his father Daedalus was highly regarded as a genius inventor,

  • craftsman,

  • and sculptor in his homeland of Athens.

  • He invented carpentry and all the tools used for it.

  • He designed the first bathhouse

  • and the first dance floor.

  • He made sculptures so lifelike that Hercules mistook them for actual men.

  • Though skilled and celebrated, Daedalus was egotistical and jealous.

  • Worried that his nephew was a more skillful craftsman,

  • Daedalus murdered him.

  • As punishment, Daedalus was banished from Athens and made his way to Crete.

  • Preceded by his storied reputation,

  • Daedalus was welcomed with open arms by Crete's King Minos.

  • There, acting as the palace technical advisor,

  • Daedalus continued to push the boundaries.

  • For the king's children,

  • he made mechanically animated toys that seemed alive.

  • He invented the ship's sail and mast, which gave humans control over the wind.

  • With every creation, Daedalus challenged human limitations

  • that had so far kept mortals separate from gods,

  • until finally, he broke right through.

  • King Minos's wife, Pasiphaë, had been cursed by the god Poseidon

  • to fall in love with the king's prized bull.

  • Under this spell, she asked Daedalus to help her seduce it.

  • With characteristic audacity, he agreed.

  • Daedalus constructed a hollow wooden cow

  • so realistic that it fooled the bull.

  • With Pasiphaë hiding inside Daedalus's creation,

  • she conceived and gave birth to the half-human half-bull minotaur.

  • This, of course, enraged the king

  • who blamed Daedalus for enabling such a horrible perversion of natural law.

  • As punishment, Daedalus was forced to construct an inescapable labyrinth

  • beneath the palace for the minotaur.

  • When it was finished, Minos then imprisoned Daedalus

  • and his only son Icarus

  • within the top of the tallest tower on the island

  • where they were to remain for the rest of their lives.

  • But Daedalus was still a genius inventor.

  • While observing the birds that circled his prison,

  • the means for escape became clear.

  • He and Icarus would fly away from their prison

  • as only birds or gods could do.

  • Using feathers from the flocks that perched on the tower,

  • and the wax from candles,

  • Daedalus constructed two pairs of giant wings.

  • As he strapped the wings to his son Icarus,

  • he gave a warning:

  • flying too near the ocean would dampen the wings

  • and make them too heavy to use.

  • Flying too near the sun,

  • the heat would melt the wax and the wings would disintegrate.

  • In either case, they surely would die.

  • Therefore, the key to their escape would be in keeping to the middle.

  • With the instructions clear, both men leapt from the tower.

  • They were the first mortals ever to fly.

  • While Daedalus stayed carefully to the midway course,

  • Icarus was overwhelmed with the ecstasy of flight

  • and overcome with the feeling of divine power that came with it.

  • Daedalus could only watch in horror as Icarus ascended higher and higher,

  • powerless to change his son's dire fate.

  • When the heat from the sun melted the wax on his wings,

  • Icarus fell from the sky.

  • Just as Daedalus had many times ignored

  • the consequences of defying the natural laws of mortal men

  • in the service of his ego,

  • Icarus was also carried away by his own hubris.

  • In the end,

  • both men paid for their departure from the path of moderation dearly,

  • Icarus with his life

  • and Daedalus with his regret.

In mythological ancient Greece,

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TED-ED】イカロスとダイダロスの神話-エイミー・アドキンス (【TED-Ed】The myth of Icarus and Daedalus - Amy Adkins)

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    boscocheung009 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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