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  • >> Babies this young are extremely responsive

  • to the emotions and the reactivity

  • and the social interaction

  • that they get from the world around them.

  • This is something that we started studying

  • 30, 40 years ago

  • when people didn't think that infants

  • could engage in social interaction.

  • In the "still face" experiment,

  • what the mother did was she sits down

  • and she's playing with her baby who is about a year of age...

  • >> Are you my good girl?

  • Oh, yes...

  • >> (Tronick, voiceover) And she gives a greeting to the baby,

  • the baby gives a greeting back to her. >> Dah!

  • >> (Tronick, voiceover) This baby starts pointing at different places in the world

  • and the mother is trying to engage her and play with her.

  • They're working to coordinate their emotions

  • and their intentions, what they want to do in the world.

  • And that's really what the baby is used to.

  • And then, we asked the mother to not respond to the baby.

  • The baby very quickly picks up on this,

  • and then she uses all of her abilities to try

  • and get the mother back.

  • She smiles at the mother.

  • She points because she's used to the mother

  • looking where she points.

  • >> Dah!

  • >> (Tronick, voiceover) The baby puts both hands up in front of her and says,

  • "What's happening here?"

  • (baby whining)

  • She makes that screechy sound at the mother, like, "Come on!

  • "Why aren't we doing this?"

  • (baby screaming)

  • Even in this two minutes

  • when they don't get the normal reaction,

  • they react with negative emotions, they turn away,

  • they feel the stress of it.

  • They actually lose control of their posture

  • because of the stress that they are experiencing.

  • (baby crying)

  • >> Okay...

  • Maggie...

  • I'm here.

  • And what are you doing?

  • Oh, yes-- oh, what a big girl.

  • >> It's a little like "the good, the bad, and the ugly."

  • The good is that normal stuff that goes on,

  • that we all do with our kids.

  • The bad is when something bad happens

  • but the infant can overcome it.

  • After all, when you stop the still face,

  • the mother and the baby start to play again.

  • The ugly is when you don't give the child any chance

  • to get back to the good.

  • There's no reparation and they're stuck

  • in that really ugly situation.

>> Babies this young are extremely responsive

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A2 初級

スティルフェイスの実験。エドワード・トロニック博士 (Still Face Experiment: Dr. Edward Tronick)

  • 220 11
    黃韋達 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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