A2 初級 809 タグ追加 保存
Today I'm going to teach you the difference between active voice and passive voice. Let's
take a look at this sentence. The teacher teaches the students. In this sentence, the
teacher is the subject of the sentence because the teacher is performing the action. The
action in this sentence is teaches. "The students" is the object of the sentence because they
are receiving the action.
Another example, the boy eats an apple. In this sentence, the boy is the subject, eat
is the verb and then apple is the object. This is example of active voice. Sometimes
you can use subject and object pronouns to take the place of nouns in this sentence.
This chart shows you an example of all the subject and object pronouns. Let's look at
an example sentence. My mom called my sister. In this sentence my mom is the subject of
the sentence and can be replaced with she. My sister is the object of this sentence and
can be replaced with her.
Let's practice! This sentence says my dad cooked dinner for my brother and I or me.
In this case we must choose me because me is an object pronoun. In this example, my
brother and I or me played basketball. We must choose I, the subject pronoun.
Now let's talk about passive voice. The formula for passive voice is object plus a form of
to be plus past participle plus by plus the subject. In this example, an active sentence,
it reads, Diane eats pizza. To change this to passive voice, we must put the object first.
Pizza, then the form of to be is, then the past participle of eat which is eaten, then
by and the subject Diane.
Let's practice. In this active sentence, many people is the subject, speak is the verb,
and English is the object. To change this to passive voice we put the object first,
followed by is then the past participle of speak which is spoken, then by, then the subject,
many people.
In sentence 2, the object must come first, a book. Followed by was, then written, the
past participle of write, then by, then the subject Tom. Notice that we use was in this
sentence, because this sentence is in the past tense.
In the last sentence, we must put the object first, taxes. Followed by were, then raised,
by, the government. Noticed that this sentence is also in the past tense and we must use
were because taxes is a plural noun.


Active and Passive Voice Rules

809 タグ追加 保存
Cai Xin Liu 2016 年 8 月 20 日 に公開
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