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Welcome to englishgrammarspot this lesson is about the future tenses.
In this lesson I am going to show you how to form a future tense
and when to use a future tense.
Take a look at these sentences:
I will help you carry those bags.
She is going to work tomorrow.
She is flying to London next week.
The bus leaves at six o'clock.
The prices are about to go up.
By this time tomorrow he will be lying on the beach.
All of the sentences
are in the future tense.
But as you can see there is quite some variation.
The most commonly used future tenses are:
shall and will and the base form of the verb,
to be going to and the base form of the verb,
the present continuous,
the present simple
to be about to and the base form of the verb, that
and the future continuous.
Let's take a look at shall and will and the base form of the verb:
we use this form for things decided on the spot.
They are not fixed agreements,
and they are unsure. through
We need to pay attention to shall, because we only use shall in questions with
I and we.
Shall I help you with that?
Shall we go for a swim?
We use will in all other situations.
I will take the bus.
He will listen to me.
We will make dinner.
They will drop by.
Let's look at questions with will.
Again we use the base form of the verb.
Will he put he put his tent?
Will she celebrate her birthday?
Will you park your bikes in the shed?
Let's look at negations with will.
We use will contracting it into won't and the base form
of the verb.
No I have also included shall,
shall plus not
becomes shan't and the base form of the verb.
But this form is very old-fashioned, but I thought it would be fun to put it in
any way.
Shan't I get sunburned?
It sounds quite victorian.
You won't cross the road.
It won't be easy.
We won't make the beds. They won't need a passport.
Now let's take a look at that other form: to be + going to + the base form of the verb.
We use this form for fixed plans in the future.
We need to know when it's going to happen so we need to have some kind of
time indication.
I am going to help my brother next week.
It is going to rain tomorrow
We are going to cook dinner tonight.
They are going to mark the tests in an hour.
It's quite likely that these plans will follow through. follow through
Let's look at the questions:
Am I going to pass my exams this afternoon?
Is she going to visit her aunt soon?
Are they going to run the marathon next week? week
Let's have a look at the negations:
I am not going to leasrn it by heart this evening. evening
He isn't going to buy a new computer on Tuesday. tuesday
They aren't going to watch the telly this night. night
Sometimes we also use a present continuous when talking about the future,
we use the present continuous for plans in very near future
and again and we need to know when they are happening.
I am working this afternoon.
He's calling her in the morning.
We are driving down the street any minute now.
Sometimes we also use the present simple for the future,
especially for fixed schedules.
The lesson starts at half past eight.
The bus arrives at ten o'clock
The train departs from platform b.
another form to talk about the future use to use to be plus the base
form of the verb.
We use this form
when you are are on the vege of doing something. something
We use this form for something that can happen happen
and any minute from now.
The lesson is about to begin.
The airplane is about to take off.
They are about open the department store. store
The final form is the future continuous,
and this is quite a tricky one,
we use the future continuous when you tell someone about your future plans,
something that you will be doing atspecific time specific time
in the future.
We use shall and will,
we use the infinitive,
of the verb to be,
we use
the base form of the verb
of the regular verb
and ing.
For example:
By this time next year,
I will be working at the head office.
No they can't help you tomorrow,
they will be doing their homework.
I thank you for your attention
for regular updates
please subscribe to
YouTube.com/englishgrammarspot
or go to www.englishgrammarspot.com
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Future tense: English grammar tutorial video lesson

386 タグ追加 保存
Cai Xin Liu 2016 年 8 月 20 日 に公開
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