字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi. Welcome to English Grammar in Use. Short videos from Cambridge University Press to help you improve your English. My name is Anna and today I'm going to be looking at the past continuous. We use the past continuous when we want to talk about an action in the past at a certain time. An action that had started but not finished. Let's look at an example. Yesterday, Karen and Jim played tennis. They started at ten o'clock and finished at eleven thirty. So, at ten thirty they were playing tennis. They 'were playing' means they were in the middle of playing. They hadn't finished playing. 'Was' or 'were' plus a verb with 'i n g' is the past continuous. For example: I was playing she was doing you were working and so on. I was doing something means that I was in the middle of doing something at a certain time. The action, or situation, had already started before this time but hadn't finished. For example: This time last year I was living in Brazil. What were you doing at ten o'clock last night? Let's compare the past continuous and the past simple. Remember, the past continuous is 'I was doing' and the past simple is 'I did'. The past continuous is used when we want to talk about being in the middle of an action. For example: I was walking home when I met Dan. This means I was in the middle of walking home. The past simple is used when we want to talk about an action or situation that has been completed. For example: I walked home after the party last night. This means I walked all the way home, so the action was completed. We often use the past continuous and the past simple together to say that something happened in the middle of something else. For example: It was raining when I got up. Or, I hurt my back while I was working in the garden. But, we use the past simple to say that one thing happened after another. For example: I was walking along the road when I saw Dan. So I stopped and we had a chat. Now let's compare two examples: When Karen arrived, we were having dinner. This means we had started having dinner before she arrived. When Karen arrived, we had dinner. This means Karen arrived and then we had dinner. It's important to remember that some verbs, for example, know, and want are not normally used in the continuous. For example: I was enjoying the party, but Chris wanted to go home. We don't say, 'Chris was wanting to go home.' That's all for today. Now it's over to you. Practise using the past continuous by visiting englishgrammarinuse.cambridge.org and registering for a free trial of English Grammar in Use Online. For more information about English Grammar in Use products visit www.lovegrammar.org Bye for now. See you next time.