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  • Another answer is nuclear power, which is much less controversial in China because of

  • its prodigious demand for electricity--and the inability of its people to mount any real

  • challenges to the government’s plans.

  • Mainland China currently has 31 nuclear power reactors in operation, and another 24 under

  • construction. Compare this to the United States, which has 99 commercial reactors overall,

  • supplying about 20% of its electricity needs. However, the US currently has plans to build

  • just five more reactors--as it’s instead choosing to embrace natural gas, wind and

  • solar power.

  • Even France -- who leads the world by generating 3/4 of its electricity from nuclear -- is

  • moving away from the technology, and will likely close nearly half its nuclear power

  • plants in the next decade.

  • The Fukushima accident in Japan, after the devastating earthquake there, also accelerated

  • the world’s break up with nuclear power, even causing China to briefly suspend new

  • projects. But while the rest of the world turns its back on nuclear energy, China is

  • doing the opposite, more than quadrupling its nuclear capacity by 2030. The marquee

  • project is the Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant in Shandong province, which will eventually

  • house eight AP1000 Westinghouse pressurized water reactors for a total capacity of 8,800

  • MegaWatts--four times more power than is generated by the Hoover Dam, a power station that provides

  • electricity for 8 million people in the American Southwest. And when you factor in that the

  • average home in China uses a fraction of what an American home uses, the Haiyang plant will

  • end up producing enough electricity for tens of millions of people.

  • But the $13 billion project is only the most powerful of the 13 different nuclear power

  • plants currently under construction across China--nine of which will have a maximum capacity

  • of more than 6,000 MW.

  • Most are near large cities where power is needed most, but this strategy raises concerns

  • that if there were an accident, tens of millions of residents could be exposed to dangerous

  • radiation.

  • The neighboring Guangdong and Ling Ao nuclear power plants have 28 million people within

  • a 75-kilometer radius, including Hong Kong. That’s many more than the 8 million who

  • live within 75-kilometers of the San Onofre nuclear generation station in Southern California,

  • but the decision was taken in 2013 to shut the California plant down after numerous safety

  • concerns became known to the public--highlighting the opposite directions the two nations are

  • heading in when it comes to nuclear power.

  • The other issue China must deal with is how to dispose the many tons of radioactive waste

  • it will be generating, which is always a contentious issue because no one wants that in their backyard.

  • The current plan is for construction to commence in 2041 on a high level waste repository site

  • in the Gobi Desert.

  • On the whole, the danger of a costly nuclear accident that China would pay for in both

  • blood and treasure is fairly significant, but Beijing is apparently willing to live

  • with that risk, judging by its unrestricted embrace of nuclear power. But these are tough

  • choices, and it’s important to keep in mind that in the age of climate change and ecological

  • interconnectivity, nuclear power is still an infinitely cleaner alternative to burning

  • coal.

  • I hope you liked this video, and if you did, hit that like button to help it spread. Until

  • next time, for TDC I’m Bryce Plank, and as usual, thanks for watching.

Another answer is nuclear power, which is much less controversial in China because of

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中国の核ブーム|中国の未来MEGAPROJECTS.第7回 (China's Nuclear Boom | China's Future MEGAPROJECTS: Part 7)

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    richardwang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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