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  • the book of Deuteronomy the epic conclusion to the Torah and...Spoiler

  • Alert: "Moses is going to die!" Now in order to understand this book we need to

  • remember the story so far so Israel has escaped from slavery in Egypt then

  • they spend one year at Mount Sinai this is where they made the covenant

  • with God to obey all of these laws and then they wander around the desert for 40 years

  • before they make it to the Jordan River which is right across from the land God

  • promised them. They are ready to go in this is where the book of Deuteronomy begins and

  • what this book is really is a speech Moses gives these final words like a pep

  • talk to the new generation of Israel that's about to go into the land and the

  • speech, it's broken up into three large sections. So Moses begins the first part of

  • the speech with somber tone because he's highlighting Israel's rebellion and

  • resistance which has been going on for the last forty years and that sets up

  • the rest of the opening section which is Moses challenge to this new generation

  • to be different from their parents and to respond to God's grace with love and

  • obedience

  • so he reminds them of the ten commandments like the basics of the covenant and then

  • he gives them this very famous line listen oh Israel the Lord is our God

  • the Lord alone love the Lord your God with all your heart with all your soul

  • and with all your strength. Now in Jewish tradition this is called the Shema

  • because the first Hebrew word in this line is Shema Israel and this became a

  • very important prayer in judaism said twice a day

  • and it emphasizes the Israelite's exclusive commitment to their God the

  • one true God who loved them who rescued them from slavery because they're about

  • to go into a land where people are worshipping many other gods and Moses

  • thinks that loyalty to the Lord their God is the only way to life now notice,

  • these keywords in the Shema: listen and love you are going to find these words all

  • over this opening section of the speech the word 'listen' in hebrew means more

  • than just let sound waves come into your ears it includes the idea of responding

  • to what you hear so for Israel this means responding to God's grace by

  • obeying the laws of the covenant and then listen as always followed by love

  • ya so love is the true motivation for obeying the laws. Israel won't obey

  • without love and they don't truly love if they don't obey. So there's this tight

  • connection between loving and listening their runs through the entire book so

  • Moses tells them that if they do listen and love they will fulfill their

  • original calling as the family at Abraham to show all of the nation's the wisdom

  • and justice of God and so become a blessing to them. The second big section

  • in Deuteronomy is a large block of laws and commands and this is where the

  • book gets its name

  • Deuteronomy means a second law and it's because many of these laws we've heard

  • before in fact in the first line of the book we're told that Moses is here

  • explaining clarifying the laws so he's repeating an expanding on the laws

  • making them relevant to this new generation there's laws about how

  • israel's to worship God, laws about their leadership structure, laws about social justice

  • and then some more laws about their worship

  • now after all of the laws of Moses warns Israel of the consequences of their

  • obedience or disobedience or in his words the blessing for the curse if they

  • listen and love they will experience blessing and abundance in the land and if

  • they don't there's going to be famine plagues and they'll be forced off their

  • land into exile and that brings us to the final section of his speech. Here

  • Moses says I set before you today

  • life or death blessing or curse so choose life but then things get really

  • interesting because after forty years with these people, Moses knows they're not

  • going to obey and so he predicts their failure and even their future exile from

  • the promised land and he focuses on what he thinks is the true source of the

  • problem that they have hired and selfish hearts it's as if israel is incapable of

  • truly loving God in a way that brings about obedience, but this problem isn't

  • unique to Israel. Yeah, in fact

  • Moses when he's using this language about blessing and curse he's tying

  • Israel's story all the way back to all humanity's story from Genesis 1 through 3 so Adam

  • and Eve they were blessed by God just like Israel and given a choice to trust

  • and obey God like Israel and then they rebelled and brought a curse on the land

  • like Moses knows israel is going to do. And so these stories there about Israel's hard

  • heart but they're actually a window into the universal human condition. But Moses

  • doesn't give up hope entirely that's right he says that somehow on the other

  • side israel's exile God promises to transform their heart so that one day

  • they truly can listen

  • and love. In the final chapters joshua has appointed as the new leader of

  • israel and then Moses takes the entire law code, the one he just predicted Israel

  • would break. Thats right and he put it into the ark of the covenant and then Moses

  • hikes up to the top of a mountain so we can see the promised land from afar

  • and then he dies and that's how the torah ends which is a strange place to

  • end a story and it's right there at the climax will they obey the laws and live

  • faithfully in the land or not. Well the story does continue right into Joshua the next

  • book of the Bible but this is the end of the Torah and it's been ended here for a

  • reason

  • the Torah is written for people who are either outside of the land or who are

  • still waiting for the fulfillment of God's promise to bless the whole world

  • and so now as each generation reads the torah they find themselves called to

  • hope in what Moses hoped for: a new and transformed heart that one day can truly

  • listen and love.

  • Guys with this video the Torah series is complete it was two years in the making

  • we're super happy with how they turned out and that because of you all they are

  • available to anybody. Here is why we're doing this: We believe the Bible is one unified

  • story it leads to Jesus and it has profound wisdom for the world we hope that the

  • videos have been helpful for you and making sense and reading the Torah maybe

  • by yourself or with the small group or class we've been thrilled to see how

  • people been using this in their homes with their kids in schools, at churches all

  • over the world you can download full resolution versions of all these videos

  • at jointheBibleproject.com and all kinds of other resources there to

  • all of this is for free because of a growing number of monthly supporters who

  • are you sharing this vision and helping us move forward so thanks a lot

the book of Deuteronomy the epic conclusion to the Torah and...Spoiler

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申命記 (The Book of Deuteronomy)

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    雖 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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